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Assessment of Injuries During Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu Competition.

Scoggin JF, Brusovanik G, Izuka BH, Zandee van Rilland E, Geling O, Tokumura S - Orthop J Sports Med (2014)

Bottom Line: Descriptive epidemiology study.The elbow was found to be the joint most commonly injured during BJJ competitions, with the arm bar being the most common mechanism.We propose that this BJJ-specific injury mechanism, the "arm bar," be recognized as another mechanism of hyperextension injury to the elbow in sports.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Honolulu Sports Medical Clinic, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA.

ABSTRACT

Background: Brazilian jiu-jitsu (BJJ) is a unique style of martial arts with rapid growth in the United States and internationally. Although studies have examined injuries in other martial arts and combat sports, to date, no published medical study has examined injuries in BJJ competitions.

Purpose: (1) To estimate the incidence of injuries in BJJ competitions and (2) to identify and describe the types and mechanisms of injuries associated with competitive BJJ.

Study design: Descriptive epidemiology study.

Methods: Injury data were obtained from records of on-site medical coverage at 8 statewide BJJ tournaments in Hawaii, USA, between 2005 and 2011.

Results: The identified injury incidence on the day of matches was 9.2 per 1000 exposures (46 injuries out of 5022 exposures, ie, match participations). Orthopaedic injuries were the most common and accounted for 78% of all injuries (n = 36), followed by costochondral or rib injuries (n = 7) and lacerations requiring medical care (n = 3). The elbow was found to be the joint most commonly injured during BJJ competitions, with the arm bar being the most common mechanism. We propose that this BJJ-specific injury mechanism, the "arm bar," be recognized as another mechanism of hyperextension injury to the elbow in sports.

Conclusion: Comparison of the BJJ injury data with injury data reported for judo, taekwondo, wrestling, and mixed martial arts showed that BJJ competitors were at substantially lower risk of injury compared with these other sports. With orthopaedic injuries being most common and the elbow being the area most vulnerable to injury in BJJ, it is important that participants, referees, and physicians be properly educated about the unique mechanisms of injury that can occur, particularly to the elbow.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

There were no injuries as a result of other jiu-jitsu chokes, such as the “Mata Leão” choke demonstrated by Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu Grand Master Relson Gracie.
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fig3-2325967114522184: There were no injuries as a result of other jiu-jitsu chokes, such as the “Mata Leão” choke demonstrated by Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu Grand Master Relson Gracie.

Mentions: There was 1 neck injury, a cervical strain, caused by the BJJ “triangle” technique, a type of choke (Figure 2). This technique is executed by encircling and securing the legs around an opponent’s neck and 1 arm, thus putting pressure on the neck, forcing the opponent to “tap out.” There were no injuries as a result of other jiu-jitsu chokes, such as the “mata leão” choke (Figure 3).


Assessment of Injuries During Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu Competition.

Scoggin JF, Brusovanik G, Izuka BH, Zandee van Rilland E, Geling O, Tokumura S - Orthop J Sports Med (2014)

There were no injuries as a result of other jiu-jitsu chokes, such as the “Mata Leão” choke demonstrated by Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu Grand Master Relson Gracie.
© Copyright Policy - creative-commons
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2 - License 3
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4555620&req=5

fig3-2325967114522184: There were no injuries as a result of other jiu-jitsu chokes, such as the “Mata Leão” choke demonstrated by Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu Grand Master Relson Gracie.
Mentions: There was 1 neck injury, a cervical strain, caused by the BJJ “triangle” technique, a type of choke (Figure 2). This technique is executed by encircling and securing the legs around an opponent’s neck and 1 arm, thus putting pressure on the neck, forcing the opponent to “tap out.” There were no injuries as a result of other jiu-jitsu chokes, such as the “mata leão” choke (Figure 3).

Bottom Line: Descriptive epidemiology study.The elbow was found to be the joint most commonly injured during BJJ competitions, with the arm bar being the most common mechanism.We propose that this BJJ-specific injury mechanism, the "arm bar," be recognized as another mechanism of hyperextension injury to the elbow in sports.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Honolulu Sports Medical Clinic, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA.

ABSTRACT

Background: Brazilian jiu-jitsu (BJJ) is a unique style of martial arts with rapid growth in the United States and internationally. Although studies have examined injuries in other martial arts and combat sports, to date, no published medical study has examined injuries in BJJ competitions.

Purpose: (1) To estimate the incidence of injuries in BJJ competitions and (2) to identify and describe the types and mechanisms of injuries associated with competitive BJJ.

Study design: Descriptive epidemiology study.

Methods: Injury data were obtained from records of on-site medical coverage at 8 statewide BJJ tournaments in Hawaii, USA, between 2005 and 2011.

Results: The identified injury incidence on the day of matches was 9.2 per 1000 exposures (46 injuries out of 5022 exposures, ie, match participations). Orthopaedic injuries were the most common and accounted for 78% of all injuries (n = 36), followed by costochondral or rib injuries (n = 7) and lacerations requiring medical care (n = 3). The elbow was found to be the joint most commonly injured during BJJ competitions, with the arm bar being the most common mechanism. We propose that this BJJ-specific injury mechanism, the "arm bar," be recognized as another mechanism of hyperextension injury to the elbow in sports.

Conclusion: Comparison of the BJJ injury data with injury data reported for judo, taekwondo, wrestling, and mixed martial arts showed that BJJ competitors were at substantially lower risk of injury compared with these other sports. With orthopaedic injuries being most common and the elbow being the area most vulnerable to injury in BJJ, it is important that participants, referees, and physicians be properly educated about the unique mechanisms of injury that can occur, particularly to the elbow.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus