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The Current State of Head and Neck Injuries in Extreme Sports.

Sharma VK, Rango J, Connaughton AJ, Lombardo DJ, Sabesan VJ - Orthop J Sports Med (2015)

Bottom Line: The recent death of extreme snowmobiler Caleb Moore at the 2013 Winter X Games has demonstrated the serious risks associated with these sports.The number of serious injuries suffered in extreme sports has increased as participation in the sports continues to grow.A greater awareness of the dangers associated with these sports offers an opportunity for sports medicine and orthopaedic physicians to advocate for safer equipment, improved on-site medical care, and further research regarding extreme sports injuries.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Homer Stryker MD School of Medicine, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, Michigan, USA.

ABSTRACT

Background: Since their conception during the mid-1970s, international participation in extreme sports has grown rapidly. The recent death of extreme snowmobiler Caleb Moore at the 2013 Winter X Games has demonstrated the serious risks associated with these sports.

Purpose: To examine the incidence and prevalence of head and neck injuries (HNIs) in extreme sports.

Study design: Descriptive epidemiological study.

Methods: The National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) was used to acquire data from 7 sports (2000-2011) that were included in the Winter and Summer X Games. Data from the NEISS database were collected for each individual sport per year and type of HNI. Cumulative data for overall incidence and injuries over the entire 11-year period were calculated. National estimates were determined using NEISS-weighted calculations. Incidence rates were calculated for extreme sports using data from Outdoor Foundation Participation Reports.

Results: Over 4 million injuries were reported between 2000 and 2011, of which 11.3% were HNIs. Of all HNIs, 83% were head injuries and 17% neck injuries. The 4 sports with the highest total incidence of HNI were skateboarding (129,600), snowboarding (97,527), skiing (83,313), and motocross (78,236). Severe HNI (cervical or skull fracture) accounted for 2.5% of extreme sports HNIs. Of these, skateboarding had the highest percentage of severe HNIs.

Conclusion: The number of serious injuries suffered in extreme sports has increased as participation in the sports continues to grow. A greater awareness of the dangers associated with these sports offers an opportunity for sports medicine and orthopaedic physicians to advocate for safer equipment, improved on-site medical care, and further research regarding extreme sports injuries.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Head and neck injuries in 7 extreme sports between 2000 and 2011.
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fig1-2325967114564358: Head and neck injuries in 7 extreme sports between 2000 and 2011.

Mentions: A total of 4,083,691 injuries were reported for all 7 extreme sports between 2000 and 2011, of which 460,115 (11.3%) were HNIs. Of the total reported HNIs, 381,760 (83%) were head injuries and 78,355 (17%) were neck injuries. The average number of HNIs was 38,385 per year. Regression analysis demonstrated a significant increase (P = .001) in the occurrence of HNIs over the studied time period (Figure 1). Although the incidence of injuries in extreme sports HNIs increased from the year 2000 (34,565) to 2011 (40,042), this trend was not consistent from year to year. Additionally, there was no significant increase in the total number of participants from year to year (P = .08). Furthermore, when combined, there was no significant difference (P = .67) in the occurrence of HNIs between the 3 winter and 4 summer extreme sports during the 12 years (Table 1).


The Current State of Head and Neck Injuries in Extreme Sports.

Sharma VK, Rango J, Connaughton AJ, Lombardo DJ, Sabesan VJ - Orthop J Sports Med (2015)

Head and neck injuries in 7 extreme sports between 2000 and 2011.
© Copyright Policy - creative-commons
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2 - License 3
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4555583&req=5

fig1-2325967114564358: Head and neck injuries in 7 extreme sports between 2000 and 2011.
Mentions: A total of 4,083,691 injuries were reported for all 7 extreme sports between 2000 and 2011, of which 460,115 (11.3%) were HNIs. Of the total reported HNIs, 381,760 (83%) were head injuries and 78,355 (17%) were neck injuries. The average number of HNIs was 38,385 per year. Regression analysis demonstrated a significant increase (P = .001) in the occurrence of HNIs over the studied time period (Figure 1). Although the incidence of injuries in extreme sports HNIs increased from the year 2000 (34,565) to 2011 (40,042), this trend was not consistent from year to year. Additionally, there was no significant increase in the total number of participants from year to year (P = .08). Furthermore, when combined, there was no significant difference (P = .67) in the occurrence of HNIs between the 3 winter and 4 summer extreme sports during the 12 years (Table 1).

Bottom Line: The recent death of extreme snowmobiler Caleb Moore at the 2013 Winter X Games has demonstrated the serious risks associated with these sports.The number of serious injuries suffered in extreme sports has increased as participation in the sports continues to grow.A greater awareness of the dangers associated with these sports offers an opportunity for sports medicine and orthopaedic physicians to advocate for safer equipment, improved on-site medical care, and further research regarding extreme sports injuries.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Homer Stryker MD School of Medicine, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, Michigan, USA.

ABSTRACT

Background: Since their conception during the mid-1970s, international participation in extreme sports has grown rapidly. The recent death of extreme snowmobiler Caleb Moore at the 2013 Winter X Games has demonstrated the serious risks associated with these sports.

Purpose: To examine the incidence and prevalence of head and neck injuries (HNIs) in extreme sports.

Study design: Descriptive epidemiological study.

Methods: The National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) was used to acquire data from 7 sports (2000-2011) that were included in the Winter and Summer X Games. Data from the NEISS database were collected for each individual sport per year and type of HNI. Cumulative data for overall incidence and injuries over the entire 11-year period were calculated. National estimates were determined using NEISS-weighted calculations. Incidence rates were calculated for extreme sports using data from Outdoor Foundation Participation Reports.

Results: Over 4 million injuries were reported between 2000 and 2011, of which 11.3% were HNIs. Of all HNIs, 83% were head injuries and 17% neck injuries. The 4 sports with the highest total incidence of HNI were skateboarding (129,600), snowboarding (97,527), skiing (83,313), and motocross (78,236). Severe HNI (cervical or skull fracture) accounted for 2.5% of extreme sports HNIs. Of these, skateboarding had the highest percentage of severe HNIs.

Conclusion: The number of serious injuries suffered in extreme sports has increased as participation in the sports continues to grow. A greater awareness of the dangers associated with these sports offers an opportunity for sports medicine and orthopaedic physicians to advocate for safer equipment, improved on-site medical care, and further research regarding extreme sports injuries.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus