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Are There Differences in Ice Hockey Injuries Between Sexes?: A Systematic Review.

MacCormick L, Best TM, Flanigan DC - Orthop J Sports Med (2014)

Bottom Line: Articles were further screened by the use of predetermined inclusion and exclusion criteria.Men and women in college sustained most injuries to the head and face, and women suffered from higher percentages of concussion.At all ages and levels of play, men had higher rates of upper extremity injuries (shoulder), while women were found to sustain more injuries to the lower extremity (thigh, knee).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: College of Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA.

ABSTRACT

Background: Men's ice hockey allows for body checking, and women's ice hockey prohibits it. Studies have reported injury data on both sexes, but no systematic reviews have compared the injury patterns between male and female ice hockey players.

Hypothesis: Men's and women's ice hockey would have different types of injuries, and this difference would extend across the different age groups and levels of play.

Study design: Systematic review; Level of evidence, 4.

Methods: Three databases, 3 scientific journals, and selected bibliographies were searched to identify articles relevant to this study. Articles were further screened by the use of predetermined inclusion and exclusion criteria. Twenty-two studies met these criteria and were subsequently reviewed.

Results: Men sustained higher rates of injuries than women at all age levels, and both sexes sustained at least twice as many injuries in games than practices. Both sexes sustained most of their injuries from player contact. Men and women in college sustained most injuries to the head and face, and women suffered from higher percentages of concussion. At all ages and levels of play, men had higher rates of upper extremity injuries (shoulder), while women were found to sustain more injuries to the lower extremity (thigh, knee).

Conclusion: Although findings showed men sustaining higher rates of injuries than women, the predominant mechanism of player contact was the same. The most common locations and types of injuries in female ice hockey players are comparable to other sports played by women, and similar interventions could offer protection against injury.

Clinical relevance: Further studies that report injury data for women playing ice hockey at all levels will assist in understanding what prevention strategies should be implemented.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Study selection based on the PRISMA flowsheet.
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fig1-2325967113518181: Study selection based on the PRISMA flowsheet.

Mentions: The following predetermined inclusion criteria were used to select relevant studies: (1) original data (case series, case controls, prospective cohorts, randomized controlled trials); (2) injuries sustained in the sport of ice hockey; (3) male or female athletes of any age; (4) data that were separated based on sex; (5) athletes participating at the youth, adolescent, and collegiate level; (6) data that report all injuries; and (7) English language. Exclusion criteria were as follows: (1) data on sports other than ice hockey, including field hockey; (2) hockey data compiled with other sports data; (3) data exclusively on 1 type of injury; (4) compiled male and female data; (5) data exclusively on 1 type of mechanism (eg, body checking); (6) case reports, review articles, commentaries, letters to the editor; (7) studied prevention and treatment of injuries; and (8) non–English language. Twenty-two studies met these criteria and were subsequently reviewed by all 3 authors. The study selection followed guidelines set by the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) statement (Figure 1).23


Are There Differences in Ice Hockey Injuries Between Sexes?: A Systematic Review.

MacCormick L, Best TM, Flanigan DC - Orthop J Sports Med (2014)

Study selection based on the PRISMA flowsheet.
© Copyright Policy - creative-commons
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2 - License 3
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4555524&req=5

fig1-2325967113518181: Study selection based on the PRISMA flowsheet.
Mentions: The following predetermined inclusion criteria were used to select relevant studies: (1) original data (case series, case controls, prospective cohorts, randomized controlled trials); (2) injuries sustained in the sport of ice hockey; (3) male or female athletes of any age; (4) data that were separated based on sex; (5) athletes participating at the youth, adolescent, and collegiate level; (6) data that report all injuries; and (7) English language. Exclusion criteria were as follows: (1) data on sports other than ice hockey, including field hockey; (2) hockey data compiled with other sports data; (3) data exclusively on 1 type of injury; (4) compiled male and female data; (5) data exclusively on 1 type of mechanism (eg, body checking); (6) case reports, review articles, commentaries, letters to the editor; (7) studied prevention and treatment of injuries; and (8) non–English language. Twenty-two studies met these criteria and were subsequently reviewed by all 3 authors. The study selection followed guidelines set by the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) statement (Figure 1).23

Bottom Line: Articles were further screened by the use of predetermined inclusion and exclusion criteria.Men and women in college sustained most injuries to the head and face, and women suffered from higher percentages of concussion.At all ages and levels of play, men had higher rates of upper extremity injuries (shoulder), while women were found to sustain more injuries to the lower extremity (thigh, knee).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: College of Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA.

ABSTRACT

Background: Men's ice hockey allows for body checking, and women's ice hockey prohibits it. Studies have reported injury data on both sexes, but no systematic reviews have compared the injury patterns between male and female ice hockey players.

Hypothesis: Men's and women's ice hockey would have different types of injuries, and this difference would extend across the different age groups and levels of play.

Study design: Systematic review; Level of evidence, 4.

Methods: Three databases, 3 scientific journals, and selected bibliographies were searched to identify articles relevant to this study. Articles were further screened by the use of predetermined inclusion and exclusion criteria. Twenty-two studies met these criteria and were subsequently reviewed.

Results: Men sustained higher rates of injuries than women at all age levels, and both sexes sustained at least twice as many injuries in games than practices. Both sexes sustained most of their injuries from player contact. Men and women in college sustained most injuries to the head and face, and women suffered from higher percentages of concussion. At all ages and levels of play, men had higher rates of upper extremity injuries (shoulder), while women were found to sustain more injuries to the lower extremity (thigh, knee).

Conclusion: Although findings showed men sustaining higher rates of injuries than women, the predominant mechanism of player contact was the same. The most common locations and types of injuries in female ice hockey players are comparable to other sports played by women, and similar interventions could offer protection against injury.

Clinical relevance: Further studies that report injury data for women playing ice hockey at all levels will assist in understanding what prevention strategies should be implemented.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus