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Epidemiological Characteristics of Work-Related Ocular Trauma in Southwest Region of China.

Cai M, Zhang J - Int J Environ Res Public Health (2015)

Bottom Line: Workers in the manufacturing industry without pre-work safety training or eye protection were far more likely to suffer from occupational ocular trauma than those with training and protection.This study provides insight into the epidemiological characteristics of occupational ocular trauma in southwest region of China.Our findings will provide valuable information for further development of preventive strategies.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Ophthalmology, The Ninth People's Hospital of Chongqing, 69 Jia Ling Road, Chongqing 400700, China. mm198222@126.com.

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To determine the epidemiological characteristics of work-related eye injury in representative southwest region of China.

Methods: Patients with eye injuries treated at the Ninth People's Hospital of Chongqing from 1 January 2014 to 31 December 2014 were included in the current study. All patients completed a comprehensive examination and interview. Demographic characteristics and injury details were recorded. The International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) and Birmingham Eye Trauma Terminology (BETT) were used.

Results: The average age of eye injury patients was 37.52 years and the majority were male. Among the 1055 total patients, approximately 42.9% of the injuries were work-related. The highest proportion of occupational eye trauma was observed in the group between 36 and 45 years of age. Occupational ocular trauma occurred more frequently in summer, with most from 16:00 to 18:00. Metal was the most common injury cause. Foreign body on external eye was the most common diagnosis. Workers in the manufacturing industry without pre-work safety training or eye protection were far more likely to suffer from occupational ocular trauma than those with training and protection.

Conclusions: This study provides insight into the epidemiological characteristics of occupational ocular trauma in southwest region of China. The current findings might be considered as a baseline for future research on regional work-related eye injuries. Our findings will provide valuable information for further development of preventive strategies.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

(a,b) Incidence times of occupational and non-occupational eye trauma over a one-day period.
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ijerph-12-09864-f003: (a,b) Incidence times of occupational and non-occupational eye trauma over a one-day period.

Mentions: The seasonal distribution of occupational ocular trauma, with a maximum occurring during the summer months, and a minimum occurring during the winter months, is seen in Figure 2. There was a small peak in March and April. However, there was no obvious peak for the seasonal distribution of non-occupational ocular trauma. The eye injuries occurred both day and night, with most work-related injuries occurring from 16:00 to 18:00 (165 cases, 36.4%) and most non-occupational eye injuries occurring from 11:00 to 13:00 (151 cases, 25.1%) (Figure 3).


Epidemiological Characteristics of Work-Related Ocular Trauma in Southwest Region of China.

Cai M, Zhang J - Int J Environ Res Public Health (2015)

(a,b) Incidence times of occupational and non-occupational eye trauma over a one-day period.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4555316&req=5

ijerph-12-09864-f003: (a,b) Incidence times of occupational and non-occupational eye trauma over a one-day period.
Mentions: The seasonal distribution of occupational ocular trauma, with a maximum occurring during the summer months, and a minimum occurring during the winter months, is seen in Figure 2. There was a small peak in March and April. However, there was no obvious peak for the seasonal distribution of non-occupational ocular trauma. The eye injuries occurred both day and night, with most work-related injuries occurring from 16:00 to 18:00 (165 cases, 36.4%) and most non-occupational eye injuries occurring from 11:00 to 13:00 (151 cases, 25.1%) (Figure 3).

Bottom Line: Workers in the manufacturing industry without pre-work safety training or eye protection were far more likely to suffer from occupational ocular trauma than those with training and protection.This study provides insight into the epidemiological characteristics of occupational ocular trauma in southwest region of China.Our findings will provide valuable information for further development of preventive strategies.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Ophthalmology, The Ninth People's Hospital of Chongqing, 69 Jia Ling Road, Chongqing 400700, China. mm198222@126.com.

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To determine the epidemiological characteristics of work-related eye injury in representative southwest region of China.

Methods: Patients with eye injuries treated at the Ninth People's Hospital of Chongqing from 1 January 2014 to 31 December 2014 were included in the current study. All patients completed a comprehensive examination and interview. Demographic characteristics and injury details were recorded. The International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) and Birmingham Eye Trauma Terminology (BETT) were used.

Results: The average age of eye injury patients was 37.52 years and the majority were male. Among the 1055 total patients, approximately 42.9% of the injuries were work-related. The highest proportion of occupational eye trauma was observed in the group between 36 and 45 years of age. Occupational ocular trauma occurred more frequently in summer, with most from 16:00 to 18:00. Metal was the most common injury cause. Foreign body on external eye was the most common diagnosis. Workers in the manufacturing industry without pre-work safety training or eye protection were far more likely to suffer from occupational ocular trauma than those with training and protection.

Conclusions: This study provides insight into the epidemiological characteristics of occupational ocular trauma in southwest region of China. The current findings might be considered as a baseline for future research on regional work-related eye injuries. Our findings will provide valuable information for further development of preventive strategies.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus