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Climate Change and Health on the U.S. Gulf Coast: Public Health Adaptation is Needed to Address Future Risks.

Petkova EP, Ebi KL, Culp D, Redlener I - Int J Environ Res Public Health (2015)

Bottom Line: Numerous studies project greater morbidity and mortality as a result of extreme weather events and other climate-sensitive hazards.Through myriad pathways, climate change is likely to make the Gulf Coast less hospitable and more dangerous for its residents, and may prompt substantial migration from and into the region.Vulnerable populations, including the very young, elderly, and socioeconomically disadvantaged may face particularly high threats to their health and well-being.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: National Center for Disaster Preparedness, Earth Institute, Columbia University, Suite 303, 215 West 125th Street, New York, NY 10027, USA. epp2109@columbia.edu.

ABSTRACT
The impacts of climate change on human health have been documented globally and in the United States. Numerous studies project greater morbidity and mortality as a result of extreme weather events and other climate-sensitive hazards. Public health impacts on the U.S. Gulf Coast may be severe as the region is expected to experience increases in extreme temperatures, sea level rise, and possibly fewer but more intense hurricanes. Through myriad pathways, climate change is likely to make the Gulf Coast less hospitable and more dangerous for its residents, and may prompt substantial migration from and into the region. Public health impacts may be further exacerbated by the concentration of people and infrastructure, as well as the region's coastal geography. Vulnerable populations, including the very young, elderly, and socioeconomically disadvantaged may face particularly high threats to their health and well-being. This paper provides an overview of potential public health impacts of climate variability and change on the Gulf Coast, with a focus on the region's unique vulnerabilities, and outlines recommendations for improving the region's ability to minimize the impacts of climate-sensitive hazards. Public health adaptation aimed at improving individual, public health system, and infrastructure resilience is urgently needed to meet the challenges climate change may pose to the Gulf Coast in the coming decades.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Relative elevation of Gulf Coast counties. Areas below 30 m elevation displayed in orange. Figure Source: Potter et al. [8].
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ijerph-12-09342-f001: Relative elevation of Gulf Coast counties. Areas below 30 m elevation displayed in orange. Figure Source: Potter et al. [8].

Mentions: Climate change impacts in the U.S. Gulf coast region are largely shaped by its coastal geography. As illustrated in Figure 1, a great portion of the region lies below 30 m elevation that makes it highly vulnerable to seasonal flooding, hurricanes, and tropical storms [8].


Climate Change and Health on the U.S. Gulf Coast: Public Health Adaptation is Needed to Address Future Risks.

Petkova EP, Ebi KL, Culp D, Redlener I - Int J Environ Res Public Health (2015)

Relative elevation of Gulf Coast counties. Areas below 30 m elevation displayed in orange. Figure Source: Potter et al. [8].
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4555284&req=5

ijerph-12-09342-f001: Relative elevation of Gulf Coast counties. Areas below 30 m elevation displayed in orange. Figure Source: Potter et al. [8].
Mentions: Climate change impacts in the U.S. Gulf coast region are largely shaped by its coastal geography. As illustrated in Figure 1, a great portion of the region lies below 30 m elevation that makes it highly vulnerable to seasonal flooding, hurricanes, and tropical storms [8].

Bottom Line: Numerous studies project greater morbidity and mortality as a result of extreme weather events and other climate-sensitive hazards.Through myriad pathways, climate change is likely to make the Gulf Coast less hospitable and more dangerous for its residents, and may prompt substantial migration from and into the region.Vulnerable populations, including the very young, elderly, and socioeconomically disadvantaged may face particularly high threats to their health and well-being.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: National Center for Disaster Preparedness, Earth Institute, Columbia University, Suite 303, 215 West 125th Street, New York, NY 10027, USA. epp2109@columbia.edu.

ABSTRACT
The impacts of climate change on human health have been documented globally and in the United States. Numerous studies project greater morbidity and mortality as a result of extreme weather events and other climate-sensitive hazards. Public health impacts on the U.S. Gulf Coast may be severe as the region is expected to experience increases in extreme temperatures, sea level rise, and possibly fewer but more intense hurricanes. Through myriad pathways, climate change is likely to make the Gulf Coast less hospitable and more dangerous for its residents, and may prompt substantial migration from and into the region. Public health impacts may be further exacerbated by the concentration of people and infrastructure, as well as the region's coastal geography. Vulnerable populations, including the very young, elderly, and socioeconomically disadvantaged may face particularly high threats to their health and well-being. This paper provides an overview of potential public health impacts of climate variability and change on the Gulf Coast, with a focus on the region's unique vulnerabilities, and outlines recommendations for improving the region's ability to minimize the impacts of climate-sensitive hazards. Public health adaptation aimed at improving individual, public health system, and infrastructure resilience is urgently needed to meet the challenges climate change may pose to the Gulf Coast in the coming decades.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus