Limits...
Feasibility of Recruiting Families into a Heart Disease Prevention Program Based on Dietary Patterns.

Schumacher TL, Burrows TL, Thompson DI, Spratt NJ, Callister R, Collins CE - Nutrients (2015)

Bottom Line: Post-program dietary changes in the intervention group included small daily increases in vegetable serves (0.8 ± 1.3) and reduced usage of full-fat milk (-21%), cheese (-12%) and meat products (-17%).Qualitative interviews highlighted beneficial changes in food purchasing habits.Future studies need more effective methods of recruitment to engage families in the intervention.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Faculty of Health and Medicine, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW 2308, Australia. Tracy.Schumacher@uon.edu.au.

ABSTRACT
Offspring of parents with a history of cardiovascular disease (CVD) inherit a similar genetic profile and share diet and lifestyle behaviors. This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of recruiting families at risk of CVD to a dietary prevention program, determine the changes in diet achieved, and program acceptability. Families were recruited into a pilot parallel group randomized controlled trial consisting of a three month evidence-based dietary intervention, based on the Mediterranean and Portfolio diets. Feasibility was assessed by recruitment and retention rates, change in diet by food frequency questionnaire, and program acceptability by qualitative interviews and program evaluation. Twenty one families were enrolled over 16 months, with fourteen families (n = 42 individuals) completing the study. Post-program dietary changes in the intervention group included small daily increases in vegetable serves (0.8 ± 1.3) and reduced usage of full-fat milk (-21%), cheese (-12%) and meat products (-17%). Qualitative interviews highlighted beneficial changes in food purchasing habits. Future studies need more effective methods of recruitment to engage families in the intervention. Once engaged, families made small incremental improvements in their diets. Evaluation indicated that feedback on diet and CVD risk factors, dietetic counselling and the resources provided were appropriate for a program of this type.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Flow chart showing the recruitment strategies used and number of participants assessed for eligibility and study retention.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4555162&req=5

nutrients-07-05323-f002: Flow chart showing the recruitment strategies used and number of participants assessed for eligibility and study retention.

Mentions: Twenty-one index participants enrolled with their families, totaling 59 participants across three generations. Fifteen families were retained until randomization, consisting of 41 adults and three children (Figure 2). Of the 39 adults who completed the main study, 16 adults from eight families (41%) plus one child who turned 18 during the study participated in qualitative interviews (age range 18–70 years, 47% male). Five index participants were interviewed and one other had a diagnosed CVD condition. The interviews indicated participant motivations to join the study included a long-term interest in improving diet, a desire to make positive changes in eating habits and health for self and extended family, and having existing heart health issues. Individual participants identified a key family member who drove their family’s involvement, who was not necessarily the person with a CVD diagnosis.


Feasibility of Recruiting Families into a Heart Disease Prevention Program Based on Dietary Patterns.

Schumacher TL, Burrows TL, Thompson DI, Spratt NJ, Callister R, Collins CE - Nutrients (2015)

Flow chart showing the recruitment strategies used and number of participants assessed for eligibility and study retention.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4555162&req=5

nutrients-07-05323-f002: Flow chart showing the recruitment strategies used and number of participants assessed for eligibility and study retention.
Mentions: Twenty-one index participants enrolled with their families, totaling 59 participants across three generations. Fifteen families were retained until randomization, consisting of 41 adults and three children (Figure 2). Of the 39 adults who completed the main study, 16 adults from eight families (41%) plus one child who turned 18 during the study participated in qualitative interviews (age range 18–70 years, 47% male). Five index participants were interviewed and one other had a diagnosed CVD condition. The interviews indicated participant motivations to join the study included a long-term interest in improving diet, a desire to make positive changes in eating habits and health for self and extended family, and having existing heart health issues. Individual participants identified a key family member who drove their family’s involvement, who was not necessarily the person with a CVD diagnosis.

Bottom Line: Post-program dietary changes in the intervention group included small daily increases in vegetable serves (0.8 ± 1.3) and reduced usage of full-fat milk (-21%), cheese (-12%) and meat products (-17%).Qualitative interviews highlighted beneficial changes in food purchasing habits.Future studies need more effective methods of recruitment to engage families in the intervention.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Faculty of Health and Medicine, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW 2308, Australia. Tracy.Schumacher@uon.edu.au.

ABSTRACT
Offspring of parents with a history of cardiovascular disease (CVD) inherit a similar genetic profile and share diet and lifestyle behaviors. This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of recruiting families at risk of CVD to a dietary prevention program, determine the changes in diet achieved, and program acceptability. Families were recruited into a pilot parallel group randomized controlled trial consisting of a three month evidence-based dietary intervention, based on the Mediterranean and Portfolio diets. Feasibility was assessed by recruitment and retention rates, change in diet by food frequency questionnaire, and program acceptability by qualitative interviews and program evaluation. Twenty one families were enrolled over 16 months, with fourteen families (n = 42 individuals) completing the study. Post-program dietary changes in the intervention group included small daily increases in vegetable serves (0.8 ± 1.3) and reduced usage of full-fat milk (-21%), cheese (-12%) and meat products (-17%). Qualitative interviews highlighted beneficial changes in food purchasing habits. Future studies need more effective methods of recruitment to engage families in the intervention. Once engaged, families made small incremental improvements in their diets. Evaluation indicated that feedback on diet and CVD risk factors, dietetic counselling and the resources provided were appropriate for a program of this type.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus