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Dietary Patterns, Alcohol Consumption and Risk of Coronary Heart Disease in Adults: A Meta-Analysis.

Zhang XY, Shu L, Si CJ, Yu XL, Liao D, Gao W, Zhang L, Zheng PF - Nutrients (2015)

Bottom Line: The decreased risk of CHD was shown for the highest compared with the lowest categories of healthy/prudent dietary patterns (odds ratio (OR) = 0.67; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.60, 0.75; p < 0.00001) and alcohol consumption (OR = 0.68; 95% CI: 0.59, 0.78; p < 0.00001).There was evidence of an increased risk of CHD in the highest compared with the lowest categories of the unhealthy/Western-type dietary patterns (OR = 1.45; 95% CI: 1.05, 2.01; p = 0.02).The results of this meta-analysis indicate that different dietary patterns may be associated with the risk of CHD.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Nutrition, Zhejiang Hospital, Hangzhou 310013, China. zxy19740804@sina.com.

ABSTRACT
Previous studies reported the potential associations between dietary patterns and the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) in adulthood, however a consistent perspective has not been established to date. Herein, we carried out this meta-analysis to evaluate the associations between dietary patterns and the risk of CHD. MEDLINE and EBSCO were searched for relevant articles published up to April 2015. A total of 35 articles (reporting 37 original studies) met the inclusion criteria and were included in the present meta-analysis. The decreased risk of CHD was shown for the highest compared with the lowest categories of healthy/prudent dietary patterns (odds ratio (OR) = 0.67; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.60, 0.75; p < 0.00001) and alcohol consumption (OR = 0.68; 95% CI: 0.59, 0.78; p < 0.00001). There was evidence of an increased risk of CHD in the highest compared with the lowest categories of the unhealthy/Western-type dietary patterns (OR = 1.45; 95% CI: 1.05, 2.01; p = 0.02). The results of this meta-analysis indicate that different dietary patterns may be associated with the risk of CHD.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Forest plot of the highest compared with the lowest categories of intake of the healthy/prudent dietary patterns and coronary heart disease (CHD) risk.
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nutrients-07-05300-f002: Forest plot of the highest compared with the lowest categories of intake of the healthy/prudent dietary patterns and coronary heart disease (CHD) risk.

Mentions: The healthy/prudent dietary patterns were characterized by high consumption of vegetables, fruits, whole grains, olive oil, fish, soy, poultry and low fat dairy. The examined studies labeled it as “Prudent” [8,11,13,15,23], “Simplified food” [16], “Low SF and high FV” [18], “Dietary pattern 1” [19], “DASH” [20], “Mediterranean” [21,28,29], “Vegetable and fruit” [22], and “Japanese pattern” [30]. Figure 2 showed an obvious evidence of a decreased risk of CHD in the highest compared with the lowest categories of “healthy/prudent dietary patterns (OR = 0.67; CI: 0.60, 0.75; p < 0.00001). A random-effects model was used to assess the data included in our analyses. The heterogeneity was apparent in all the studies (p = 0.004; I2 = 57%).


Dietary Patterns, Alcohol Consumption and Risk of Coronary Heart Disease in Adults: A Meta-Analysis.

Zhang XY, Shu L, Si CJ, Yu XL, Liao D, Gao W, Zhang L, Zheng PF - Nutrients (2015)

Forest plot of the highest compared with the lowest categories of intake of the healthy/prudent dietary patterns and coronary heart disease (CHD) risk.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4555139&req=5

nutrients-07-05300-f002: Forest plot of the highest compared with the lowest categories of intake of the healthy/prudent dietary patterns and coronary heart disease (CHD) risk.
Mentions: The healthy/prudent dietary patterns were characterized by high consumption of vegetables, fruits, whole grains, olive oil, fish, soy, poultry and low fat dairy. The examined studies labeled it as “Prudent” [8,11,13,15,23], “Simplified food” [16], “Low SF and high FV” [18], “Dietary pattern 1” [19], “DASH” [20], “Mediterranean” [21,28,29], “Vegetable and fruit” [22], and “Japanese pattern” [30]. Figure 2 showed an obvious evidence of a decreased risk of CHD in the highest compared with the lowest categories of “healthy/prudent dietary patterns (OR = 0.67; CI: 0.60, 0.75; p < 0.00001). A random-effects model was used to assess the data included in our analyses. The heterogeneity was apparent in all the studies (p = 0.004; I2 = 57%).

Bottom Line: The decreased risk of CHD was shown for the highest compared with the lowest categories of healthy/prudent dietary patterns (odds ratio (OR) = 0.67; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.60, 0.75; p < 0.00001) and alcohol consumption (OR = 0.68; 95% CI: 0.59, 0.78; p < 0.00001).There was evidence of an increased risk of CHD in the highest compared with the lowest categories of the unhealthy/Western-type dietary patterns (OR = 1.45; 95% CI: 1.05, 2.01; p = 0.02).The results of this meta-analysis indicate that different dietary patterns may be associated with the risk of CHD.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Nutrition, Zhejiang Hospital, Hangzhou 310013, China. zxy19740804@sina.com.

ABSTRACT
Previous studies reported the potential associations between dietary patterns and the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) in adulthood, however a consistent perspective has not been established to date. Herein, we carried out this meta-analysis to evaluate the associations between dietary patterns and the risk of CHD. MEDLINE and EBSCO were searched for relevant articles published up to April 2015. A total of 35 articles (reporting 37 original studies) met the inclusion criteria and were included in the present meta-analysis. The decreased risk of CHD was shown for the highest compared with the lowest categories of healthy/prudent dietary patterns (odds ratio (OR) = 0.67; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.60, 0.75; p < 0.00001) and alcohol consumption (OR = 0.68; 95% CI: 0.59, 0.78; p < 0.00001). There was evidence of an increased risk of CHD in the highest compared with the lowest categories of the unhealthy/Western-type dietary patterns (OR = 1.45; 95% CI: 1.05, 2.01; p = 0.02). The results of this meta-analysis indicate that different dietary patterns may be associated with the risk of CHD.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus