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Consumption Patterns of Fruit and Vegetable Juices and Dietary Nutrient Density among French Children and Adults.

Francou A, Hebel P, Braesco V, Drewnowski A - Nutrients (2015)

Bottom Line: FVJ consumers had similar or higher intakes of fruits and vegetables than did non-consumers.The socioeconomic gradient for FVJ consumption was much weaker (p < 0.046) than for whole fruit (p < 0.01).In a nationally representative sample of French children and adults, fruit and vegetable consumption fell short of recommended values.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: CREDOC, Centre de Recherche pour l'EtuDe et l'Observation des Conditions de vie, 142 rue du Chevaleret, Paris 75013, France. francou@credoc.fr.

ABSTRACT

Background: Fruit and vegetable consumption is a marker of higher-quality diets; less is known about the contribution of 100% fruit and vegetable juices (FVJ) to diet quality.

Objective: To explore FVJ consumption patterns in relation to dietary nutrient density among French children (aged 3-14 years old) and adults (≥21 years old).

Methods: Analyses were based on the nationally representative 2013 CCAF (Comportements et Consommations Alimentaires en France) survey of 1930 respondents, stratified by age group, FVJ consumption, and socioeconomic status (SES). Dietary nutrient density was based on the Nutrient Rich Food (NRF9.3) index, adjusted for gender and age.

Results: Mean total consumption of fruits and vegetables was 2.6 servings/day for children and 3.8 servings/day for adults. Mean population consumption of FVJ was 83 mL/day for children and 54.6 mL/day for adults, equivalent to 0.4 servings/day and 0.3 servings/day respectively. FVJ consumers had higher quality diets than did non-consumers, after adjusting for covariates. The respective NRF9.3 values were 486.4 ± 4.3 vs. 428.7 ± 7.5 for children and 460.7 ± 4.4 vs. 435.4 ± 4.4 for adults. FVJ consumers had similar or higher intakes of fruits and vegetables than did non-consumers. The socioeconomic gradient for FVJ consumption was much weaker (p < 0.046) than for whole fruit (p < 0.01).

Conclusions: In a nationally representative sample of French children and adults, fruit and vegetable consumption fell short of recommended values. Higher FVJ consumption was associated with higher-quality diets and better compliance with the French National Plan for Nutrition and Health (PNNS).

No MeSH data available.


Contribution of fruit and FVJ (fruit and vegetable juices) to total fruit intakes by PNNS (Programme National Nutrition Santé) level of consumption.
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nutrients-07-05268-f004: Contribution of fruit and FVJ (fruit and vegetable juices) to total fruit intakes by PNNS (Programme National Nutrition Santé) level of consumption.

Mentions: Figure 4 shows how greater compliance with the French PNNS dietary guidelines was reflected in higher consumption of whole fruit and higher consumption of FVJ. Categories on the x-axis represent the number of fruit and vegetable servings, up to and exceeding Five-A-Day. As might be expected, only a minority of respondents met the Five-A-Day goal, especially among children. The number of respondents in each category is indicated on the x-axis.


Consumption Patterns of Fruit and Vegetable Juices and Dietary Nutrient Density among French Children and Adults.

Francou A, Hebel P, Braesco V, Drewnowski A - Nutrients (2015)

Contribution of fruit and FVJ (fruit and vegetable juices) to total fruit intakes by PNNS (Programme National Nutrition Santé) level of consumption.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4555108&req=5

nutrients-07-05268-f004: Contribution of fruit and FVJ (fruit and vegetable juices) to total fruit intakes by PNNS (Programme National Nutrition Santé) level of consumption.
Mentions: Figure 4 shows how greater compliance with the French PNNS dietary guidelines was reflected in higher consumption of whole fruit and higher consumption of FVJ. Categories on the x-axis represent the number of fruit and vegetable servings, up to and exceeding Five-A-Day. As might be expected, only a minority of respondents met the Five-A-Day goal, especially among children. The number of respondents in each category is indicated on the x-axis.

Bottom Line: FVJ consumers had similar or higher intakes of fruits and vegetables than did non-consumers.The socioeconomic gradient for FVJ consumption was much weaker (p < 0.046) than for whole fruit (p < 0.01).In a nationally representative sample of French children and adults, fruit and vegetable consumption fell short of recommended values.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: CREDOC, Centre de Recherche pour l'EtuDe et l'Observation des Conditions de vie, 142 rue du Chevaleret, Paris 75013, France. francou@credoc.fr.

ABSTRACT

Background: Fruit and vegetable consumption is a marker of higher-quality diets; less is known about the contribution of 100% fruit and vegetable juices (FVJ) to diet quality.

Objective: To explore FVJ consumption patterns in relation to dietary nutrient density among French children (aged 3-14 years old) and adults (≥21 years old).

Methods: Analyses were based on the nationally representative 2013 CCAF (Comportements et Consommations Alimentaires en France) survey of 1930 respondents, stratified by age group, FVJ consumption, and socioeconomic status (SES). Dietary nutrient density was based on the Nutrient Rich Food (NRF9.3) index, adjusted for gender and age.

Results: Mean total consumption of fruits and vegetables was 2.6 servings/day for children and 3.8 servings/day for adults. Mean population consumption of FVJ was 83 mL/day for children and 54.6 mL/day for adults, equivalent to 0.4 servings/day and 0.3 servings/day respectively. FVJ consumers had higher quality diets than did non-consumers, after adjusting for covariates. The respective NRF9.3 values were 486.4 ± 4.3 vs. 428.7 ± 7.5 for children and 460.7 ± 4.4 vs. 435.4 ± 4.4 for adults. FVJ consumers had similar or higher intakes of fruits and vegetables than did non-consumers. The socioeconomic gradient for FVJ consumption was much weaker (p < 0.046) than for whole fruit (p < 0.01).

Conclusions: In a nationally representative sample of French children and adults, fruit and vegetable consumption fell short of recommended values. Higher FVJ consumption was associated with higher-quality diets and better compliance with the French National Plan for Nutrition and Health (PNNS).

No MeSH data available.