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Consumption Patterns of Fruit and Vegetable Juices and Dietary Nutrient Density among French Children and Adults.

Francou A, Hebel P, Braesco V, Drewnowski A - Nutrients (2015)

Bottom Line: FVJ consumers had similar or higher intakes of fruits and vegetables than did non-consumers.The socioeconomic gradient for FVJ consumption was much weaker (p < 0.046) than for whole fruit (p < 0.01).In a nationally representative sample of French children and adults, fruit and vegetable consumption fell short of recommended values.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: CREDOC, Centre de Recherche pour l'EtuDe et l'Observation des Conditions de vie, 142 rue du Chevaleret, Paris 75013, France. francou@credoc.fr.

ABSTRACT

Background: Fruit and vegetable consumption is a marker of higher-quality diets; less is known about the contribution of 100% fruit and vegetable juices (FVJ) to diet quality.

Objective: To explore FVJ consumption patterns in relation to dietary nutrient density among French children (aged 3-14 years old) and adults (≥21 years old).

Methods: Analyses were based on the nationally representative 2013 CCAF (Comportements et Consommations Alimentaires en France) survey of 1930 respondents, stratified by age group, FVJ consumption, and socioeconomic status (SES). Dietary nutrient density was based on the Nutrient Rich Food (NRF9.3) index, adjusted for gender and age.

Results: Mean total consumption of fruits and vegetables was 2.6 servings/day for children and 3.8 servings/day for adults. Mean population consumption of FVJ was 83 mL/day for children and 54.6 mL/day for adults, equivalent to 0.4 servings/day and 0.3 servings/day respectively. FVJ consumers had higher quality diets than did non-consumers, after adjusting for covariates. The respective NRF9.3 values were 486.4 ± 4.3 vs. 428.7 ± 7.5 for children and 460.7 ± 4.4 vs. 435.4 ± 4.4 for adults. FVJ consumers had similar or higher intakes of fruits and vegetables than did non-consumers. The socioeconomic gradient for FVJ consumption was much weaker (p < 0.046) than for whole fruit (p < 0.01).

Conclusions: In a nationally representative sample of French children and adults, fruit and vegetable consumption fell short of recommended values. Higher FVJ consumption was associated with higher-quality diets and better compliance with the French National Plan for Nutrition and Health (PNNS).

No MeSH data available.


Whole fruit and FVJ (fruit and vegetable juices) consumption by occupation of health of household. Data are for children (3–14 years old) in the top panel and for adults (≥21 years old) in the bottom panel. Figures in the histogram bars represent the number of subjects in each category.
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nutrients-07-05268-f003: Whole fruit and FVJ (fruit and vegetable juices) consumption by occupation of health of household. Data are for children (3–14 years old) in the top panel and for adults (≥21 years old) in the bottom panel. Figures in the histogram bars represent the number of subjects in each category.

Mentions: Figure 3 shows FVJ versus whole fruit consumption by occupational status of head of household, a measure of SES. Whole fruit consumption was associated with the educated and professional classes; the social gradient held for both children (p = 0.0018) and adults (p < 0.0001). By contrast, FVJ consumption showed less of a social gradient (significance for adults only: p = 0.0435). Among children, whole fruit consumers were also likely to be of higher SES; the strength of the SES gradient was reduced among FVJ consumers. Similarly, higher SES adults were more likely to consume whole fruit; the social gradient in FVJ consumption was attenuated.


Consumption Patterns of Fruit and Vegetable Juices and Dietary Nutrient Density among French Children and Adults.

Francou A, Hebel P, Braesco V, Drewnowski A - Nutrients (2015)

Whole fruit and FVJ (fruit and vegetable juices) consumption by occupation of health of household. Data are for children (3–14 years old) in the top panel and for adults (≥21 years old) in the bottom panel. Figures in the histogram bars represent the number of subjects in each category.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4555108&req=5

nutrients-07-05268-f003: Whole fruit and FVJ (fruit and vegetable juices) consumption by occupation of health of household. Data are for children (3–14 years old) in the top panel and for adults (≥21 years old) in the bottom panel. Figures in the histogram bars represent the number of subjects in each category.
Mentions: Figure 3 shows FVJ versus whole fruit consumption by occupational status of head of household, a measure of SES. Whole fruit consumption was associated with the educated and professional classes; the social gradient held for both children (p = 0.0018) and adults (p < 0.0001). By contrast, FVJ consumption showed less of a social gradient (significance for adults only: p = 0.0435). Among children, whole fruit consumers were also likely to be of higher SES; the strength of the SES gradient was reduced among FVJ consumers. Similarly, higher SES adults were more likely to consume whole fruit; the social gradient in FVJ consumption was attenuated.

Bottom Line: FVJ consumers had similar or higher intakes of fruits and vegetables than did non-consumers.The socioeconomic gradient for FVJ consumption was much weaker (p < 0.046) than for whole fruit (p < 0.01).In a nationally representative sample of French children and adults, fruit and vegetable consumption fell short of recommended values.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: CREDOC, Centre de Recherche pour l'EtuDe et l'Observation des Conditions de vie, 142 rue du Chevaleret, Paris 75013, France. francou@credoc.fr.

ABSTRACT

Background: Fruit and vegetable consumption is a marker of higher-quality diets; less is known about the contribution of 100% fruit and vegetable juices (FVJ) to diet quality.

Objective: To explore FVJ consumption patterns in relation to dietary nutrient density among French children (aged 3-14 years old) and adults (≥21 years old).

Methods: Analyses were based on the nationally representative 2013 CCAF (Comportements et Consommations Alimentaires en France) survey of 1930 respondents, stratified by age group, FVJ consumption, and socioeconomic status (SES). Dietary nutrient density was based on the Nutrient Rich Food (NRF9.3) index, adjusted for gender and age.

Results: Mean total consumption of fruits and vegetables was 2.6 servings/day for children and 3.8 servings/day for adults. Mean population consumption of FVJ was 83 mL/day for children and 54.6 mL/day for adults, equivalent to 0.4 servings/day and 0.3 servings/day respectively. FVJ consumers had higher quality diets than did non-consumers, after adjusting for covariates. The respective NRF9.3 values were 486.4 ± 4.3 vs. 428.7 ± 7.5 for children and 460.7 ± 4.4 vs. 435.4 ± 4.4 for adults. FVJ consumers had similar or higher intakes of fruits and vegetables than did non-consumers. The socioeconomic gradient for FVJ consumption was much weaker (p < 0.046) than for whole fruit (p < 0.01).

Conclusions: In a nationally representative sample of French children and adults, fruit and vegetable consumption fell short of recommended values. Higher FVJ consumption was associated with higher-quality diets and better compliance with the French National Plan for Nutrition and Health (PNNS).

No MeSH data available.