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Consumption Patterns of Fruit and Vegetable Juices and Dietary Nutrient Density among French Children and Adults.

Francou A, Hebel P, Braesco V, Drewnowski A - Nutrients (2015)

Bottom Line: FVJ consumers had similar or higher intakes of fruits and vegetables than did non-consumers.The socioeconomic gradient for FVJ consumption was much weaker (p < 0.046) than for whole fruit (p < 0.01).In a nationally representative sample of French children and adults, fruit and vegetable consumption fell short of recommended values.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: CREDOC, Centre de Recherche pour l'EtuDe et l'Observation des Conditions de vie, 142 rue du Chevaleret, Paris 75013, France. francou@credoc.fr.

ABSTRACT

Background: Fruit and vegetable consumption is a marker of higher-quality diets; less is known about the contribution of 100% fruit and vegetable juices (FVJ) to diet quality.

Objective: To explore FVJ consumption patterns in relation to dietary nutrient density among French children (aged 3-14 years old) and adults (≥21 years old).

Methods: Analyses were based on the nationally representative 2013 CCAF (Comportements et Consommations Alimentaires en France) survey of 1930 respondents, stratified by age group, FVJ consumption, and socioeconomic status (SES). Dietary nutrient density was based on the Nutrient Rich Food (NRF9.3) index, adjusted for gender and age.

Results: Mean total consumption of fruits and vegetables was 2.6 servings/day for children and 3.8 servings/day for adults. Mean population consumption of FVJ was 83 mL/day for children and 54.6 mL/day for adults, equivalent to 0.4 servings/day and 0.3 servings/day respectively. FVJ consumers had higher quality diets than did non-consumers, after adjusting for covariates. The respective NRF9.3 values were 486.4 ± 4.3 vs. 428.7 ± 7.5 for children and 460.7 ± 4.4 vs. 435.4 ± 4.4 for adults. FVJ consumers had similar or higher intakes of fruits and vegetables than did non-consumers. The socioeconomic gradient for FVJ consumption was much weaker (p < 0.046) than for whole fruit (p < 0.01).

Conclusions: In a nationally representative sample of French children and adults, fruit and vegetable consumption fell short of recommended values. Higher FVJ consumption was associated with higher-quality diets and better compliance with the French National Plan for Nutrition and Health (PNNS).

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

NRF9.3 score values (y axis) for FVJ (fruit and vegetable juices) non consumers and for consumers stratified by quartiles of consumption. Data are presented for children and for adults. The NRF9.3 score was calculated using free sugars in the LIM subscore.
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nutrients-07-05268-f002: NRF9.3 score values (y axis) for FVJ (fruit and vegetable juices) non consumers and for consumers stratified by quartiles of consumption. Data are presented for children and for adults. The NRF9.3 score was calculated using free sugars in the LIM subscore.

Mentions: Figure 2 shows a positive dose-response relation between quartiles of FVJ intake and NRF values. Mean FVJ intakes from Q1 to Q4 for children were 29 mL/day, 72 mL/day, 129 mL/day and 240 mL/day. Mean FVJ intakes from Q1 to Q4 for adults were 23 mL/day, 65 mL/day, 118 mL/day and 247 mL/day. The increase in NRF as a function of FVJ consumption was significant for both children and for adults. The NRF9.3 score was based on free as opposed to added sugars. Comparable results were obtained when added sugars were used in calculating the LIM score (data not shown).


Consumption Patterns of Fruit and Vegetable Juices and Dietary Nutrient Density among French Children and Adults.

Francou A, Hebel P, Braesco V, Drewnowski A - Nutrients (2015)

NRF9.3 score values (y axis) for FVJ (fruit and vegetable juices) non consumers and for consumers stratified by quartiles of consumption. Data are presented for children and for adults. The NRF9.3 score was calculated using free sugars in the LIM subscore.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4555108&req=5

nutrients-07-05268-f002: NRF9.3 score values (y axis) for FVJ (fruit and vegetable juices) non consumers and for consumers stratified by quartiles of consumption. Data are presented for children and for adults. The NRF9.3 score was calculated using free sugars in the LIM subscore.
Mentions: Figure 2 shows a positive dose-response relation between quartiles of FVJ intake and NRF values. Mean FVJ intakes from Q1 to Q4 for children were 29 mL/day, 72 mL/day, 129 mL/day and 240 mL/day. Mean FVJ intakes from Q1 to Q4 for adults were 23 mL/day, 65 mL/day, 118 mL/day and 247 mL/day. The increase in NRF as a function of FVJ consumption was significant for both children and for adults. The NRF9.3 score was based on free as opposed to added sugars. Comparable results were obtained when added sugars were used in calculating the LIM score (data not shown).

Bottom Line: FVJ consumers had similar or higher intakes of fruits and vegetables than did non-consumers.The socioeconomic gradient for FVJ consumption was much weaker (p < 0.046) than for whole fruit (p < 0.01).In a nationally representative sample of French children and adults, fruit and vegetable consumption fell short of recommended values.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: CREDOC, Centre de Recherche pour l'EtuDe et l'Observation des Conditions de vie, 142 rue du Chevaleret, Paris 75013, France. francou@credoc.fr.

ABSTRACT

Background: Fruit and vegetable consumption is a marker of higher-quality diets; less is known about the contribution of 100% fruit and vegetable juices (FVJ) to diet quality.

Objective: To explore FVJ consumption patterns in relation to dietary nutrient density among French children (aged 3-14 years old) and adults (≥21 years old).

Methods: Analyses were based on the nationally representative 2013 CCAF (Comportements et Consommations Alimentaires en France) survey of 1930 respondents, stratified by age group, FVJ consumption, and socioeconomic status (SES). Dietary nutrient density was based on the Nutrient Rich Food (NRF9.3) index, adjusted for gender and age.

Results: Mean total consumption of fruits and vegetables was 2.6 servings/day for children and 3.8 servings/day for adults. Mean population consumption of FVJ was 83 mL/day for children and 54.6 mL/day for adults, equivalent to 0.4 servings/day and 0.3 servings/day respectively. FVJ consumers had higher quality diets than did non-consumers, after adjusting for covariates. The respective NRF9.3 values were 486.4 ± 4.3 vs. 428.7 ± 7.5 for children and 460.7 ± 4.4 vs. 435.4 ± 4.4 for adults. FVJ consumers had similar or higher intakes of fruits and vegetables than did non-consumers. The socioeconomic gradient for FVJ consumption was much weaker (p < 0.046) than for whole fruit (p < 0.01).

Conclusions: In a nationally representative sample of French children and adults, fruit and vegetable consumption fell short of recommended values. Higher FVJ consumption was associated with higher-quality diets and better compliance with the French National Plan for Nutrition and Health (PNNS).

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus