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Do submucous myoma characteristics affect fertility and menstrual outcomes in patients underwent hysteroscopic myomectomy?

Namazov A, Karakus R, Gencer E, Sozen H, Acar L - Iran J Reprod Med (2015)

Bottom Line: After a mean postoperative period of 23±10 months in 51 patients with excessive bleeding, 13 had recurrent menorrhagia (25%).In Other 38 patients excessive bleeding was improved (75%).The myoma characetesitics do not affect improvement rates after hysteroscopic myomectomy in patients with unexplained infertility or excessive uterine bleeding.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Zeynep Kamil Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

ABSTRACT

Background: Submucous myomas may be associated with menorrhagia, infertility and dysmenorrhea.

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the long term effects of submucousal myoma resection on menorrhagia and infertility; also to detect whether the type, size, and location of myoma affect the surgical success.

Materials and methods: Totally 98 women referred to hysteroscopy for symptomatic submucousal fibroids (menorrhagia (n=51) and infertility (n=47)) between 2005- 2010 were enrolled in this historical cohort study Pregnancy rates and menstrual improvement rates were compared according to myoma characteristics (size, type and location).

Results: After a mean postoperative period of 23±10 months in 51 patients with excessive bleeding, 13 had recurrent menorrhagia (25%). In Other 38 patients excessive bleeding was improved (75%). The improvement rates by location and myoma type: lower segment 100%, fundus 92%, and corpus 63%; type 0) 70%, type 1) 78%, type 2) 80%. The mean sizes of myoma in recurred and improved patients were 23.33 mm and 29.88 mm respectively. 28 of 47 infertile women spontaneously experienced thirty pregnancies (60%). Pregnancy rates according to myoma location and type: lower segment 50%, fundus 57%, and corpus 80%; type 0) 75%, type 1) 62%, type 2) 50%. The mean myoma size in patients who became pregnant was 30.38 mm; in patients who did not conceive was 29.95 mm.

Conclusion: The myoma characetesitics do not affect improvement rates after hysteroscopic myomectomy in patients with unexplained infertility or excessive uterine bleeding.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Pregnancy rates in infertility group according to myoma characteristics (Chi-Square test
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Figure 2: Pregnancy rates in infertility group according to myoma characteristics (Chi-Square test

Mentions: Pregnancy rates according to myoma location and type are such as following: lower segment 50%, fundus 57%, and corpus 80%; type 0) 75%, type 1) 62%, type 2) %50. Those variations were not statistically significant (Chi-Square test) (Figure 2). The mean myoma size in patients who became pregnant was 30.38 mm, in patients who did not conceive was 29.95 mm and no statistical difference was found (p=0.961, Mann Whitney U test) (Table I).


Do submucous myoma characteristics affect fertility and menstrual outcomes in patients underwent hysteroscopic myomectomy?

Namazov A, Karakus R, Gencer E, Sozen H, Acar L - Iran J Reprod Med (2015)

Pregnancy rates in infertility group according to myoma characteristics (Chi-Square test
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4555057&req=5

Figure 2: Pregnancy rates in infertility group according to myoma characteristics (Chi-Square test
Mentions: Pregnancy rates according to myoma location and type are such as following: lower segment 50%, fundus 57%, and corpus 80%; type 0) 75%, type 1) 62%, type 2) %50. Those variations were not statistically significant (Chi-Square test) (Figure 2). The mean myoma size in patients who became pregnant was 30.38 mm, in patients who did not conceive was 29.95 mm and no statistical difference was found (p=0.961, Mann Whitney U test) (Table I).

Bottom Line: After a mean postoperative period of 23±10 months in 51 patients with excessive bleeding, 13 had recurrent menorrhagia (25%).In Other 38 patients excessive bleeding was improved (75%).The myoma characetesitics do not affect improvement rates after hysteroscopic myomectomy in patients with unexplained infertility or excessive uterine bleeding.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Zeynep Kamil Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

ABSTRACT

Background: Submucous myomas may be associated with menorrhagia, infertility and dysmenorrhea.

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the long term effects of submucousal myoma resection on menorrhagia and infertility; also to detect whether the type, size, and location of myoma affect the surgical success.

Materials and methods: Totally 98 women referred to hysteroscopy for symptomatic submucousal fibroids (menorrhagia (n=51) and infertility (n=47)) between 2005- 2010 were enrolled in this historical cohort study Pregnancy rates and menstrual improvement rates were compared according to myoma characteristics (size, type and location).

Results: After a mean postoperative period of 23±10 months in 51 patients with excessive bleeding, 13 had recurrent menorrhagia (25%). In Other 38 patients excessive bleeding was improved (75%). The improvement rates by location and myoma type: lower segment 100%, fundus 92%, and corpus 63%; type 0) 70%, type 1) 78%, type 2) 80%. The mean sizes of myoma in recurred and improved patients were 23.33 mm and 29.88 mm respectively. 28 of 47 infertile women spontaneously experienced thirty pregnancies (60%). Pregnancy rates according to myoma location and type: lower segment 50%, fundus 57%, and corpus 80%; type 0) 75%, type 1) 62%, type 2) 50%. The mean myoma size in patients who became pregnant was 30.38 mm; in patients who did not conceive was 29.95 mm.

Conclusion: The myoma characetesitics do not affect improvement rates after hysteroscopic myomectomy in patients with unexplained infertility or excessive uterine bleeding.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus