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Ultraviolet light and laser irradiation enhances the antibacterial activity of glucosamine-functionalized gold nanoparticles.

Govindaraju S, Ramasamy M, Baskaran R, Ahn SJ, Yun K - Int J Nanomedicine (2015)

Bottom Line: Laser-irradiated GlcN-AuNPs exhibited significant bactericidal activity against E. coli.Flow cytometry and fluorescence microscopic analysis supported the cell death mechanism in the presence of GlcN-AuNP-treated bacteria.The overall results of this study suggest that the prepared nanoparticles have potential as a potent antibacterial agent for the treatment of a wide range of disease-causing bacteria.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Bionanotechnology, Gachon University, Gyeonggi-do, Republic of Korea ; Centre for Advanced Instrumentation, Korea Research Institute of Standard and Science, University of Science and Technology, Daejeon, Republic of Korea.

ABSTRACT
Here we report a novel method for the synthesis of glucosamine-functionalized gold nanoparticles (GlcN-AuNPs) using biocompatible and biodegradable glucosamine for antibacterial activity. GlcN-AuNPs were prepared using different concentrations of glucosamine. The synthesized AuNPs were characterized for surface plasmon resonance, surface morphology, fluorescence spectroscopy, and antibacterial activity. The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of the AuNPs, GlcN-AuNPs, and GlcN-AuNPs when irradiated by ultraviolet light and laser were investigated and compared with the MIC of standard kanamycin using Escherichia coli by the microdilution method. Laser-irradiated GlcN-AuNPs exhibited significant bactericidal activity against E. coli. Flow cytometry and fluorescence microscopic analysis supported the cell death mechanism in the presence of GlcN-AuNP-treated bacteria. Further, morphological changes in E. coli after laser treatment were investigated using atomic force microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. The overall results of this study suggest that the prepared nanoparticles have potential as a potent antibacterial agent for the treatment of a wide range of disease-causing bacteria.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Schematic diagram for antibacterial activity of prepared nanoparticles.Abbreviations: AuNPs, gold nanoparticles; GlcN-AuNPs, glucosamine-functionalized gold nanoparticles; UV, ultraviolet light.
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f12-ijn-10-067: Schematic diagram for antibacterial activity of prepared nanoparticles.Abbreviations: AuNPs, gold nanoparticles; GlcN-AuNPs, glucosamine-functionalized gold nanoparticles; UV, ultraviolet light.


Ultraviolet light and laser irradiation enhances the antibacterial activity of glucosamine-functionalized gold nanoparticles.

Govindaraju S, Ramasamy M, Baskaran R, Ahn SJ, Yun K - Int J Nanomedicine (2015)

Schematic diagram for antibacterial activity of prepared nanoparticles.Abbreviations: AuNPs, gold nanoparticles; GlcN-AuNPs, glucosamine-functionalized gold nanoparticles; UV, ultraviolet light.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4554421&req=5

f12-ijn-10-067: Schematic diagram for antibacterial activity of prepared nanoparticles.Abbreviations: AuNPs, gold nanoparticles; GlcN-AuNPs, glucosamine-functionalized gold nanoparticles; UV, ultraviolet light.
Bottom Line: Laser-irradiated GlcN-AuNPs exhibited significant bactericidal activity against E. coli.Flow cytometry and fluorescence microscopic analysis supported the cell death mechanism in the presence of GlcN-AuNP-treated bacteria.The overall results of this study suggest that the prepared nanoparticles have potential as a potent antibacterial agent for the treatment of a wide range of disease-causing bacteria.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Bionanotechnology, Gachon University, Gyeonggi-do, Republic of Korea ; Centre for Advanced Instrumentation, Korea Research Institute of Standard and Science, University of Science and Technology, Daejeon, Republic of Korea.

ABSTRACT
Here we report a novel method for the synthesis of glucosamine-functionalized gold nanoparticles (GlcN-AuNPs) using biocompatible and biodegradable glucosamine for antibacterial activity. GlcN-AuNPs were prepared using different concentrations of glucosamine. The synthesized AuNPs were characterized for surface plasmon resonance, surface morphology, fluorescence spectroscopy, and antibacterial activity. The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of the AuNPs, GlcN-AuNPs, and GlcN-AuNPs when irradiated by ultraviolet light and laser were investigated and compared with the MIC of standard kanamycin using Escherichia coli by the microdilution method. Laser-irradiated GlcN-AuNPs exhibited significant bactericidal activity against E. coli. Flow cytometry and fluorescence microscopic analysis supported the cell death mechanism in the presence of GlcN-AuNP-treated bacteria. Further, morphological changes in E. coli after laser treatment were investigated using atomic force microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. The overall results of this study suggest that the prepared nanoparticles have potential as a potent antibacterial agent for the treatment of a wide range of disease-causing bacteria.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus