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Oral hygiene practices and dental caries prevalence among 12 & 15 years school children in Ambala, Haryana -A cross-sectional study.

Goel R, Vedi A, Veeresha KL, Sogi GM, Gambhir RS - J Clin Exp Dent (2015)

Bottom Line: Toothpaste was used by 96.7% (228) of subjects belonging to 12 year age group and 93% (703) of subjects who were of 15 years of age.Gingival bleeding was found in majority of subjects.The observations indicate the need for a school oral health promotion programme to sustain the healthy practices in this growing population.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: BDS, MDS, Senior Lecturer, Dept. of Public Health Dentistry, MM University, Mullana, Ambala.

ABSTRACT

Background: Dental caries and gum disease are a major public health problem predominantly affecting children worldwide. Therefore the present study was conducted to assess oral hygiene practices, prevalence of dental caries and periodontal diseases among 12 and 15 years old high school children in public and government schools of Ambala district, Haryana and to provide data for planning and evaluation of oral health care promotion programs.

Material and methods: A cross-sectional descriptive survey of 12 and 15 years old children in government and private schools was conducted in Ambala, Haryana. A sample of 992 school children was selected by a two-stage cluster sampling method. Dental caries and periodontal health was examined using WHO standard criteria. The student's t-test and one way ANOVA were used for statistical analysis.

Results: The prevalence of dental caries was 34.3% and 46.5% at 12 and 15 years respectively. Mean DMFT in 12 years was 0.82 and in 15 years it was 1.26. More than 90% of subjects in both the age groups were using tooth brush to clean their teeth. Toothpaste was used by 96.7% (228) of subjects belonging to 12 year age group and 93% (703) of subjects who were of 15 years of age. Gingival bleeding was found in majority of subjects.

Conclusions: The overall prevalence of dental caries was low but the prevalence of gingivitis was quite high. The observations indicate the need for a school oral health promotion programme to sustain the healthy practices in this growing population. Key words:Dental caries, periodontitis, ambala, school children, oral hygiene practices.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Demographic details of the study population.
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Figure 1: Demographic details of the study population.

Mentions: A total of 992 subjects were enrolled in the present survey. A total of 236 (23.7%) were of 12 years of age and 756 (76.3%) be-longed to 15 years age-group. 57% (564) were males and 43.1% (428) were females. Percentage of subjects belonging to private and government schools were 45.2% (448) and 54.8% (544) respectively. Detail information regarding age, gender and type of school is depicted in figure 1.


Oral hygiene practices and dental caries prevalence among 12 & 15 years school children in Ambala, Haryana -A cross-sectional study.

Goel R, Vedi A, Veeresha KL, Sogi GM, Gambhir RS - J Clin Exp Dent (2015)

Demographic details of the study population.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4554236&req=5

Figure 1: Demographic details of the study population.
Mentions: A total of 992 subjects were enrolled in the present survey. A total of 236 (23.7%) were of 12 years of age and 756 (76.3%) be-longed to 15 years age-group. 57% (564) were males and 43.1% (428) were females. Percentage of subjects belonging to private and government schools were 45.2% (448) and 54.8% (544) respectively. Detail information regarding age, gender and type of school is depicted in figure 1.

Bottom Line: Toothpaste was used by 96.7% (228) of subjects belonging to 12 year age group and 93% (703) of subjects who were of 15 years of age.Gingival bleeding was found in majority of subjects.The observations indicate the need for a school oral health promotion programme to sustain the healthy practices in this growing population.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: BDS, MDS, Senior Lecturer, Dept. of Public Health Dentistry, MM University, Mullana, Ambala.

ABSTRACT

Background: Dental caries and gum disease are a major public health problem predominantly affecting children worldwide. Therefore the present study was conducted to assess oral hygiene practices, prevalence of dental caries and periodontal diseases among 12 and 15 years old high school children in public and government schools of Ambala district, Haryana and to provide data for planning and evaluation of oral health care promotion programs.

Material and methods: A cross-sectional descriptive survey of 12 and 15 years old children in government and private schools was conducted in Ambala, Haryana. A sample of 992 school children was selected by a two-stage cluster sampling method. Dental caries and periodontal health was examined using WHO standard criteria. The student's t-test and one way ANOVA were used for statistical analysis.

Results: The prevalence of dental caries was 34.3% and 46.5% at 12 and 15 years respectively. Mean DMFT in 12 years was 0.82 and in 15 years it was 1.26. More than 90% of subjects in both the age groups were using tooth brush to clean their teeth. Toothpaste was used by 96.7% (228) of subjects belonging to 12 year age group and 93% (703) of subjects who were of 15 years of age. Gingival bleeding was found in majority of subjects.

Conclusions: The overall prevalence of dental caries was low but the prevalence of gingivitis was quite high. The observations indicate the need for a school oral health promotion programme to sustain the healthy practices in this growing population. Key words:Dental caries, periodontitis, ambala, school children, oral hygiene practices.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus