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N3 subclassification incorporated into the final pathologic staging of gastric cancer: a modified system based on current AJCC staging.

Yeh CN, Wang SY, Hsu JT, Chiang KC, Cheng CT, Tsai CY, Liu YY, Liao CH, Liu KH, Yeh TS - Medicine (Baltimore) (2015)

Bottom Line: The clinicopathological features and surgical outcomes were compared among all patients with GC and between the N3a and N3b groups.In addition, T4bN3bM0 is as dismal as M1 disease.Furthermore, T1-3N3aM0 could be categorized as stage IIIB, T1-3N3bM0 could be categorized as stage IIIC, T4aN3bM0 could be categorized as stage IIID, and T4bN3bM0 might be regarded as stage IV as we proposed.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: From the Department of General Surgery (C-NY, S-YW, J-TH, K-CC, C-TC, C-YT, Y-YL, C-HL, K-HL, T-SY), Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University; and Graduate Institute of Clinical Medicine(S-YW), Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan.

ABSTRACT
The seventh edition of the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) TNM classification system for gastric cancer (GC) was established in 2009. We assessed the unmet medical needs of patients with the N3 classification of the seventh TNM staging system by comparing survival according to the extent of nodal involvement, with a particular focus on the cutoff points for the number of involved nodes in the N3 classification. We retrospectively reviewed 3178 patients with GC who were registered in the GC database of the Department of General Surgery at the Chang Gung Memorial Hospital between 1994 and 2010. Among them, 884 patients undergoing curative intent resection had N3 lymph node involvement. The clinicopathological features and surgical outcomes were compared among all patients with GC and between the N3a and N3b groups. N3b might impose GC patients with poor clinical outcome. We proposed a modified staging system, based on AJCC seventh edition, accordingly. T1-3N3 might be not simply categorized into stage IIIA as seventh AJCC suggested. Taking N3a and N3b into consideration, T1-3N3 might be further categorized into stage IIIB and IIIC, respectively, as we proposed, based on survival analysis. In addition, T4bN3bM0 is as dismal as M1 disease. In our proposed staging system, good discriminations between different stages are still maintained. The N3 category should be subclassified as N3a or N3b due to the survival differences. Furthermore, T1-3N3aM0 could be categorized as stage IIIB, T1-3N3bM0 could be categorized as stage IIIC, T4aN3bM0 could be categorized as stage IIID, and T4bN3bM0 might be regarded as stage IV as we proposed.

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The survival analysis of gastric cohort from Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, based on proposed staging system.
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Figure 3: The survival analysis of gastric cohort from Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, based on proposed staging system.

Mentions: Under the impression and the trend that N3b might impose GC patients with poor clinical outcome, we proposed a modified staging system, based on AJCC seventh edition (Table 3). Figure 2 reveals the comparison between our proposed modified system and the seventh edition of the AJCC system. We depicted the background dot-and-dash survival curves with survival condition of our GC cohort and then superimposed red lines on it, which represented different proposed stages. The overall survival of the patients with proposed IIIB is similar to that of the patients with AJCC stage IIIB while proposed stage IV, including T4bN3bM0, is similar with AJCC stage IV. According to our result, T1-3N3 might be not simply categorized into stage IIIA as seventh AJCC suggests. Taking N3a and N3b into consideration, T1-3N3 might be further categorized into stage IIIB and IIIC, respectively, as we proposed and significant difference is noted (Figure 2). In addition, T4bN3bM0 is as dismal as M1 disease (Figure 2). Based on our proposed staging system, good discriminations between different stages are still maintained (Figure 3).


N3 subclassification incorporated into the final pathologic staging of gastric cancer: a modified system based on current AJCC staging.

Yeh CN, Wang SY, Hsu JT, Chiang KC, Cheng CT, Tsai CY, Liu YY, Liao CH, Liu KH, Yeh TS - Medicine (Baltimore) (2015)

The survival analysis of gastric cohort from Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, based on proposed staging system.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4554155&req=5

Figure 3: The survival analysis of gastric cohort from Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, based on proposed staging system.
Mentions: Under the impression and the trend that N3b might impose GC patients with poor clinical outcome, we proposed a modified staging system, based on AJCC seventh edition (Table 3). Figure 2 reveals the comparison between our proposed modified system and the seventh edition of the AJCC system. We depicted the background dot-and-dash survival curves with survival condition of our GC cohort and then superimposed red lines on it, which represented different proposed stages. The overall survival of the patients with proposed IIIB is similar to that of the patients with AJCC stage IIIB while proposed stage IV, including T4bN3bM0, is similar with AJCC stage IV. According to our result, T1-3N3 might be not simply categorized into stage IIIA as seventh AJCC suggests. Taking N3a and N3b into consideration, T1-3N3 might be further categorized into stage IIIB and IIIC, respectively, as we proposed and significant difference is noted (Figure 2). In addition, T4bN3bM0 is as dismal as M1 disease (Figure 2). Based on our proposed staging system, good discriminations between different stages are still maintained (Figure 3).

Bottom Line: The clinicopathological features and surgical outcomes were compared among all patients with GC and between the N3a and N3b groups.In addition, T4bN3bM0 is as dismal as M1 disease.Furthermore, T1-3N3aM0 could be categorized as stage IIIB, T1-3N3bM0 could be categorized as stage IIIC, T4aN3bM0 could be categorized as stage IIID, and T4bN3bM0 might be regarded as stage IV as we proposed.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: From the Department of General Surgery (C-NY, S-YW, J-TH, K-CC, C-TC, C-YT, Y-YL, C-HL, K-HL, T-SY), Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University; and Graduate Institute of Clinical Medicine(S-YW), Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan.

ABSTRACT
The seventh edition of the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) TNM classification system for gastric cancer (GC) was established in 2009. We assessed the unmet medical needs of patients with the N3 classification of the seventh TNM staging system by comparing survival according to the extent of nodal involvement, with a particular focus on the cutoff points for the number of involved nodes in the N3 classification. We retrospectively reviewed 3178 patients with GC who were registered in the GC database of the Department of General Surgery at the Chang Gung Memorial Hospital between 1994 and 2010. Among them, 884 patients undergoing curative intent resection had N3 lymph node involvement. The clinicopathological features and surgical outcomes were compared among all patients with GC and between the N3a and N3b groups. N3b might impose GC patients with poor clinical outcome. We proposed a modified staging system, based on AJCC seventh edition, accordingly. T1-3N3 might be not simply categorized into stage IIIA as seventh AJCC suggested. Taking N3a and N3b into consideration, T1-3N3 might be further categorized into stage IIIB and IIIC, respectively, as we proposed, based on survival analysis. In addition, T4bN3bM0 is as dismal as M1 disease. In our proposed staging system, good discriminations between different stages are still maintained. The N3 category should be subclassified as N3a or N3b due to the survival differences. Furthermore, T1-3N3aM0 could be categorized as stage IIIB, T1-3N3bM0 could be categorized as stage IIIC, T4aN3bM0 could be categorized as stage IIID, and T4bN3bM0 might be regarded as stage IV as we proposed.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus