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Rosuvastatin Treatment for Preventing Contrast-Induced Acute Kidney Injury After Cardiac Catheterization: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.

Yang Y, Wu YX, Hu YZ - Medicine (Baltimore) (2015)

Bottom Line: A subgroup analysis showed that studies with Jadad score ≥3 showed a significant reduction of CI-AKI (OR = 0.53, 95% CI, 0.38-0.73, P < 0.001).However, the risk of CI-AKI did not significantly differ in the studies with Jadad score <3 (OR = 0.54, 95% CI, 0.13-2.24, P = 0.40).However, rosuvastatin treatment did not seem to be effective for preventing CI-AKI in CKD patients undergoing elective cardiac catheterization.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: From the Department of Cardiology, the First People's Hospital of Shunde, Foshan, China (YY, Y-xW, Y-zH).

ABSTRACT
We performed a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to evaluate the protective effects of rosuvastatin on contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) in patients undergoing cardiac catherization.PubMed, MEDLINE, Web of Science, EMBASE, ClinicalTrials.gov, and the Cochrane Central RCTs were searched for RCTs from inception to May 2015, to compare rosuvastatin for preventing CI-AKI with placebo treatment in patients undergoing cardiac catherization.Five RCTs with a total of 4045 patients involving 2020 patients pretreated with rosuvastatin and 2025 control patients were identified and analyzed. Patients treated with rosuvastatin had a 51% lower risk of CI-AKI compared with the control group based on a fixed-effect model (OR = 0.49, 95% CI = 0.37-0.66, P < 0.001), and showed a trend toward a reduced risk of MACEs (OR = 0.62, 95% CI = 0.36-1.07, P = 0.08). A subgroup analysis showed that studies with Jadad score ≥3 showed a significant reduction of CI-AKI (OR = 0.53, 95% CI, 0.38-0.73, P < 0.001). However, the risk of CI-AKI did not significantly differ in the studies with Jadad score <3 (OR = 0.54, 95% CI, 0.13-2.24, P = 0.40). In addition, the rosuvastatin treatment showed no effect for preventing CI-AKI in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) undergoing elective cardiac catherization (I = 0%, OR = 0.81, 95% CI = 0.41-1.61, P = 0.55).This updated meta-analysis demonstrated that preprocedural rosuvastatin treatment could significantly reduce the incidence of CI-AKI, with a trend toward a reduced risk of MACEs in patients undergoing cardiac catheterization. However, rosuvastatin treatment did not seem to be effective for preventing CI-AKI in CKD patients undergoing elective cardiac catheterization.

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Subgroup analysis of the forest plot of odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) for contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) among patients assigned to rosuvastatin versus placebo therapy with patients grouped based on chronic kidney disease (A) or treatment with elective cardiac catheterization (B).
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Figure 5: Subgroup analysis of the forest plot of odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) for contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) among patients assigned to rosuvastatin versus placebo therapy with patients grouped based on chronic kidney disease (A) or treatment with elective cardiac catheterization (B).

Mentions: Analysis of the subgroup of patients with CKD indicated that rosuvastatin treatment was beneficial for preventing CI-AKI compared to controls (I2 = 8%, OR = 0.57, 95% CI = 0.34–0.96, P = 0.04) (Figure 5A). However, when including CKD patients undergoing elective cardiac catheterization, rosuvastatin treatment showed no effect on preventing CI-AKI (I2 = 0%, OR = 0.81, 95% CI = 0.41–1.61, P = 0.55) (Figure 5B).


Rosuvastatin Treatment for Preventing Contrast-Induced Acute Kidney Injury After Cardiac Catheterization: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.

Yang Y, Wu YX, Hu YZ - Medicine (Baltimore) (2015)

Subgroup analysis of the forest plot of odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) for contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) among patients assigned to rosuvastatin versus placebo therapy with patients grouped based on chronic kidney disease (A) or treatment with elective cardiac catheterization (B).
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4554112&req=5

Figure 5: Subgroup analysis of the forest plot of odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) for contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) among patients assigned to rosuvastatin versus placebo therapy with patients grouped based on chronic kidney disease (A) or treatment with elective cardiac catheterization (B).
Mentions: Analysis of the subgroup of patients with CKD indicated that rosuvastatin treatment was beneficial for preventing CI-AKI compared to controls (I2 = 8%, OR = 0.57, 95% CI = 0.34–0.96, P = 0.04) (Figure 5A). However, when including CKD patients undergoing elective cardiac catheterization, rosuvastatin treatment showed no effect on preventing CI-AKI (I2 = 0%, OR = 0.81, 95% CI = 0.41–1.61, P = 0.55) (Figure 5B).

Bottom Line: A subgroup analysis showed that studies with Jadad score ≥3 showed a significant reduction of CI-AKI (OR = 0.53, 95% CI, 0.38-0.73, P < 0.001).However, the risk of CI-AKI did not significantly differ in the studies with Jadad score <3 (OR = 0.54, 95% CI, 0.13-2.24, P = 0.40).However, rosuvastatin treatment did not seem to be effective for preventing CI-AKI in CKD patients undergoing elective cardiac catheterization.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: From the Department of Cardiology, the First People's Hospital of Shunde, Foshan, China (YY, Y-xW, Y-zH).

ABSTRACT
We performed a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to evaluate the protective effects of rosuvastatin on contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) in patients undergoing cardiac catherization.PubMed, MEDLINE, Web of Science, EMBASE, ClinicalTrials.gov, and the Cochrane Central RCTs were searched for RCTs from inception to May 2015, to compare rosuvastatin for preventing CI-AKI with placebo treatment in patients undergoing cardiac catherization.Five RCTs with a total of 4045 patients involving 2020 patients pretreated with rosuvastatin and 2025 control patients were identified and analyzed. Patients treated with rosuvastatin had a 51% lower risk of CI-AKI compared with the control group based on a fixed-effect model (OR = 0.49, 95% CI = 0.37-0.66, P < 0.001), and showed a trend toward a reduced risk of MACEs (OR = 0.62, 95% CI = 0.36-1.07, P = 0.08). A subgroup analysis showed that studies with Jadad score ≥3 showed a significant reduction of CI-AKI (OR = 0.53, 95% CI, 0.38-0.73, P < 0.001). However, the risk of CI-AKI did not significantly differ in the studies with Jadad score <3 (OR = 0.54, 95% CI, 0.13-2.24, P = 0.40). In addition, the rosuvastatin treatment showed no effect for preventing CI-AKI in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) undergoing elective cardiac catherization (I = 0%, OR = 0.81, 95% CI = 0.41-1.61, P = 0.55).This updated meta-analysis demonstrated that preprocedural rosuvastatin treatment could significantly reduce the incidence of CI-AKI, with a trend toward a reduced risk of MACEs in patients undergoing cardiac catheterization. However, rosuvastatin treatment did not seem to be effective for preventing CI-AKI in CKD patients undergoing elective cardiac catheterization.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus