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Global-local visual processing impacts risk taking behaviors, but only at first.

Lim SW, Yuen AY, Tong EM - Front Psychol (2015)

Bottom Line: We investigated the impact of early visual processing on decision-making during unpredictable, risky situations.The theory of predictive and reactive control systems (PARCS) provides an excellent account of the data.Implications and future directions are discussed.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychology, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, National University of Singapore , Singapore.

ABSTRACT
We investigated the impact of early visual processing on decision-making during unpredictable, risky situations. Participants undertook Navon's (1977) task and attended to either global letters or local letters only, following which they completed the Balloon Analogue Risk Task (BART). It was observed that global-focused individuals made more balloon pumps during the BART (i.e., took more risk), whereas local-focused individuals took less risk, albeit only initially. The theory of predictive and reactive control systems (PARCS) provides an excellent account of the data. Implications and future directions are discussed.

No MeSH data available.


Examples of composite visual letters used in the present experiment.
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Figure 1: Examples of composite visual letters used in the present experiment.

Mentions: Participants indicated their consent to participate in the experiment before embarking on it, which consisted of two tasks: Navon’s task and BART. The Navon’s task was administered via DirectRT (Jarvis, 2004). Participants were shown a series of global letters that were composed of local letters. Following Förster and Higgins (2005), each global letter was approximately 2.1 cm × 2.1 cm, while each local letter was approximately 0.4 cm × 0.4 cm. Local letters were arranged on an imaginary 5-letter × 5-letter grid for presentation. The letters H and L were designated as targets. The targets were presented either as global letters (an H made of Fs, an H made of Ts, an L made of Fs, and an L made of Ts) or local letters (an F made of Hs, an F made of Ls, a T made of Hs, and a T made of Ls). Samples appear in Figure 1.


Global-local visual processing impacts risk taking behaviors, but only at first.

Lim SW, Yuen AY, Tong EM - Front Psychol (2015)

Examples of composite visual letters used in the present experiment.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4553894&req=5

Figure 1: Examples of composite visual letters used in the present experiment.
Mentions: Participants indicated their consent to participate in the experiment before embarking on it, which consisted of two tasks: Navon’s task and BART. The Navon’s task was administered via DirectRT (Jarvis, 2004). Participants were shown a series of global letters that were composed of local letters. Following Förster and Higgins (2005), each global letter was approximately 2.1 cm × 2.1 cm, while each local letter was approximately 0.4 cm × 0.4 cm. Local letters were arranged on an imaginary 5-letter × 5-letter grid for presentation. The letters H and L were designated as targets. The targets were presented either as global letters (an H made of Fs, an H made of Ts, an L made of Fs, and an L made of Ts) or local letters (an F made of Hs, an F made of Ls, a T made of Hs, and a T made of Ls). Samples appear in Figure 1.

Bottom Line: We investigated the impact of early visual processing on decision-making during unpredictable, risky situations.The theory of predictive and reactive control systems (PARCS) provides an excellent account of the data.Implications and future directions are discussed.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychology, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, National University of Singapore , Singapore.

ABSTRACT
We investigated the impact of early visual processing on decision-making during unpredictable, risky situations. Participants undertook Navon's (1977) task and attended to either global letters or local letters only, following which they completed the Balloon Analogue Risk Task (BART). It was observed that global-focused individuals made more balloon pumps during the BART (i.e., took more risk), whereas local-focused individuals took less risk, albeit only initially. The theory of predictive and reactive control systems (PARCS) provides an excellent account of the data. Implications and future directions are discussed.

No MeSH data available.