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The Efficacy of Organo-Complex-Based Wood Preservative Formula Against Dry-Wood Termite Cryptotermes cynocephalus Light.

Ismayati M, Setiawan KH, Tarmadi D, Zulfiana D, Yusuf S, Santoso B - Insects (2011)

Bottom Line: The International Standard for Phytosanitary Measures 15 (ISPM 15) [1] that is adopted in wood packaging protection in Europe is not suitable for tropical countries like Indonesia.The bioassay test was subjected to dry wood termite Cryptotermes cynocephalus Light.The result showed that wood materials treated by 10 ppm Organo-Complex formula gave good results which were indicated by the low consumption and the fast termination of the termites.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Research and Development Unit for Biomaterials, Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI), Bogor 16911, Indonesia. maya_ismayati@biomaterial.lipi.go.id.

ABSTRACT
The utilization of pesticides often leaves residues which potentially pollute the environment. This journal issue has been encouraging some researchers to find an environmentally friendly insecticide by a cheaper wood preservative method. The International Standard for Phytosanitary Measures 15 (ISPM 15) [1] that is adopted in wood packaging protection in Europe is not suitable for tropical countries like Indonesia. Therefore, the treatment by Organo-Complex-based wood preservation, which consists of copper chromium combined with natural organic compounds, is proposed for effective treatment at a lower cost. The bioassay test was subjected to dry wood termite Cryptotermes cynocephalus Light. The result showed that wood materials treated by 10 ppm Organo-Complex formula gave good results which were indicated by the low consumption and the fast termination of the termites. The toxicity analysis of C-C organic compound solution is classified as grade IV (WHO, 2003) [2], or not harmful. Analysis of the residual content four weeks after the spraying treatment showed a significant reduction in the inorganic content (copper chromate complex), in the range of 35%, and in extracts of natural materials (natural extracts), above 80%.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Glass box of dry-wood termite test [3].
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f1-insects-02-00491: Glass box of dry-wood termite test [3].

Mentions: The chemical solution used in this study consisted of a combination of sodium bichromate, copper (II) sulphate, Niccotiana tobaccum and Eugenia carryophillata extracts. Test blocks were exposed to a dry wood termite forced-feeding test according to Indonesian National Standard (SNI) 01-7207-2006 [3] Wood samples (2 cm × 2 cm × 1 cm) treated with the chemical substance solution at 10 ppm CC-organic compound (1:1), were placed in glass box size 4 × 4 × 4-cm with 50 workers of dry-wood termite (Figure 1) and the experiment was replicated 3 times. Termite mortality was observed once per week for 6 weeks and termite mortality and weight loss of wood sample (rubber wood) was determined at the end of observation.


The Efficacy of Organo-Complex-Based Wood Preservative Formula Against Dry-Wood Termite Cryptotermes cynocephalus Light.

Ismayati M, Setiawan KH, Tarmadi D, Zulfiana D, Yusuf S, Santoso B - Insects (2011)

Glass box of dry-wood termite test [3].
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4553442&req=5

f1-insects-02-00491: Glass box of dry-wood termite test [3].
Mentions: The chemical solution used in this study consisted of a combination of sodium bichromate, copper (II) sulphate, Niccotiana tobaccum and Eugenia carryophillata extracts. Test blocks were exposed to a dry wood termite forced-feeding test according to Indonesian National Standard (SNI) 01-7207-2006 [3] Wood samples (2 cm × 2 cm × 1 cm) treated with the chemical substance solution at 10 ppm CC-organic compound (1:1), were placed in glass box size 4 × 4 × 4-cm with 50 workers of dry-wood termite (Figure 1) and the experiment was replicated 3 times. Termite mortality was observed once per week for 6 weeks and termite mortality and weight loss of wood sample (rubber wood) was determined at the end of observation.

Bottom Line: The International Standard for Phytosanitary Measures 15 (ISPM 15) [1] that is adopted in wood packaging protection in Europe is not suitable for tropical countries like Indonesia.The bioassay test was subjected to dry wood termite Cryptotermes cynocephalus Light.The result showed that wood materials treated by 10 ppm Organo-Complex formula gave good results which were indicated by the low consumption and the fast termination of the termites.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Research and Development Unit for Biomaterials, Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI), Bogor 16911, Indonesia. maya_ismayati@biomaterial.lipi.go.id.

ABSTRACT
The utilization of pesticides often leaves residues which potentially pollute the environment. This journal issue has been encouraging some researchers to find an environmentally friendly insecticide by a cheaper wood preservative method. The International Standard for Phytosanitary Measures 15 (ISPM 15) [1] that is adopted in wood packaging protection in Europe is not suitable for tropical countries like Indonesia. Therefore, the treatment by Organo-Complex-based wood preservation, which consists of copper chromium combined with natural organic compounds, is proposed for effective treatment at a lower cost. The bioassay test was subjected to dry wood termite Cryptotermes cynocephalus Light. The result showed that wood materials treated by 10 ppm Organo-Complex formula gave good results which were indicated by the low consumption and the fast termination of the termites. The toxicity analysis of C-C organic compound solution is classified as grade IV (WHO, 2003) [2], or not harmful. Analysis of the residual content four weeks after the spraying treatment showed a significant reduction in the inorganic content (copper chromate complex), in the range of 35%, and in extracts of natural materials (natural extracts), above 80%.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus