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TRPV1 channel inhibition contributes to the antinociceptive effects of Croton macrostachyus extract in mice.

Nguelefack TB, Dutra RC, Paszcuk AF, de Andrade EL, Calixto JB - BMC Complement Altern Med (2015)

Bottom Line: MECM also significantly and time dependently inhibited the capsaicin-induced nociception.These effects were not affected by glibenclamide or by rimonabant.The mechanism underlying the long lasting MECM antihyperalgesic effect is currently unknown, but might be mediated, at least partially, through the modulation of TRPV1 receptors.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Laboratory of Animal Physiology and Phytopharmacology, Department of Animal Biology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Dschang, P.O. Box 67, Dschang, Cameroon. nguelefack@yahoo.fr.

ABSTRACT

Background: Previous study showed that extracts from Croton macrostachyus (Euphorbiaceae) exhibit analgesic effects in acute pain models. The present study evaluates the antinociceptive properties of the methanol/methylene chloride extract (MECM) of the stem bark of this plant using mice models of persistent inflammatory and neuropathic pain, and assesses its mechanism of action.

Methods: MECM was tested on Complete Freund adjuvant (CFA)-induced persistent thermal and mechanical pain, neuropathic pain induced by partial sciatic nerve ligation (PSNL), prostaglandin E2 (PGE2)-induced acute mechanical hyperalgesia, as well as on nociception induced by capsaicin in mice. Mechanical hyperalgesia was assessed using von Frey hair in awake mice. The mechanism of action of MECM was evaluated by using glibenclamide on PGE2-induced hyperalgesia or rimonabant on capsaicin-induced pain.

Results: MECM administered orally at the doses of 250 and 500 mg/kg, induced long lasting and significant antihyperalgesic effects on CFA-inflammatory and PSNL-induced neuropathic pain. MECM significantly reduced the mechanical hyperalgesia induced by PGE2 either when administered preventively or therapeutically. MECM also significantly and time dependently inhibited the capsaicin-induced nociception. These effects were not affected by glibenclamide or by rimonabant.

Conclusions: The present results demonstrate that the oral administration of MECM to mice resulted in long lasting antihyperalgesic activity in inflammatory and neuropathic pain as well as in acute and persistent pain. The mechanism underlying the long lasting MECM antihyperalgesic effect is currently unknown, but might be mediated, at least partially, through the modulation of TRPV1 receptors.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Effects of oral administration of the methanol/methylene chloride extract of the stem bark of Croton macrostachyus (MECM) on the mechanical hyperalgesia induced by von Frey hair (0.4 g) in CFA (20 μl/paw) inflamed mice paw. In persistent treatment, response to pain was evaluated before the treatment of the day, when given. B = basal response to mechanical stimulation. N = 5; ap < 0.05; bp < 0.01; cp < 0.001 significantly different compared to vehicle (ANOVA two way and Bonferoni as post hoc test)
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Fig1: Effects of oral administration of the methanol/methylene chloride extract of the stem bark of Croton macrostachyus (MECM) on the mechanical hyperalgesia induced by von Frey hair (0.4 g) in CFA (20 μl/paw) inflamed mice paw. In persistent treatment, response to pain was evaluated before the treatment of the day, when given. B = basal response to mechanical stimulation. N = 5; ap < 0.05; bp < 0.01; cp < 0.001 significantly different compared to vehicle (ANOVA two way and Bonferoni as post hoc test)

Mentions: CFA injection into the mice paw induced mechanical hyperalgesia when assessed by von Frey stimulation as evidenced by the significant (p < 0.001) increase in the baseline frequency response. This hypersensitivity was significantly reduced by previous treatment of animals with gabapentin and also with MECM. It is worth noting that following 2 day administration of MECM at the dose of 500 mg/kg, the antihyperalgesic effect of MECM was maintained for up to 5 days. The reinitiating of treatment after the animals have recovered their hypersensitivity induced a progressive and long lasting analgesic effect, the higher dose being the most effective (Fig. 1).Fig. 1


TRPV1 channel inhibition contributes to the antinociceptive effects of Croton macrostachyus extract in mice.

Nguelefack TB, Dutra RC, Paszcuk AF, de Andrade EL, Calixto JB - BMC Complement Altern Med (2015)

Effects of oral administration of the methanol/methylene chloride extract of the stem bark of Croton macrostachyus (MECM) on the mechanical hyperalgesia induced by von Frey hair (0.4 g) in CFA (20 μl/paw) inflamed mice paw. In persistent treatment, response to pain was evaluated before the treatment of the day, when given. B = basal response to mechanical stimulation. N = 5; ap < 0.05; bp < 0.01; cp < 0.001 significantly different compared to vehicle (ANOVA two way and Bonferoni as post hoc test)
© Copyright Policy - OpenAccess
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4548910&req=5

Fig1: Effects of oral administration of the methanol/methylene chloride extract of the stem bark of Croton macrostachyus (MECM) on the mechanical hyperalgesia induced by von Frey hair (0.4 g) in CFA (20 μl/paw) inflamed mice paw. In persistent treatment, response to pain was evaluated before the treatment of the day, when given. B = basal response to mechanical stimulation. N = 5; ap < 0.05; bp < 0.01; cp < 0.001 significantly different compared to vehicle (ANOVA two way and Bonferoni as post hoc test)
Mentions: CFA injection into the mice paw induced mechanical hyperalgesia when assessed by von Frey stimulation as evidenced by the significant (p < 0.001) increase in the baseline frequency response. This hypersensitivity was significantly reduced by previous treatment of animals with gabapentin and also with MECM. It is worth noting that following 2 day administration of MECM at the dose of 500 mg/kg, the antihyperalgesic effect of MECM was maintained for up to 5 days. The reinitiating of treatment after the animals have recovered their hypersensitivity induced a progressive and long lasting analgesic effect, the higher dose being the most effective (Fig. 1).Fig. 1

Bottom Line: MECM also significantly and time dependently inhibited the capsaicin-induced nociception.These effects were not affected by glibenclamide or by rimonabant.The mechanism underlying the long lasting MECM antihyperalgesic effect is currently unknown, but might be mediated, at least partially, through the modulation of TRPV1 receptors.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Laboratory of Animal Physiology and Phytopharmacology, Department of Animal Biology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Dschang, P.O. Box 67, Dschang, Cameroon. nguelefack@yahoo.fr.

ABSTRACT

Background: Previous study showed that extracts from Croton macrostachyus (Euphorbiaceae) exhibit analgesic effects in acute pain models. The present study evaluates the antinociceptive properties of the methanol/methylene chloride extract (MECM) of the stem bark of this plant using mice models of persistent inflammatory and neuropathic pain, and assesses its mechanism of action.

Methods: MECM was tested on Complete Freund adjuvant (CFA)-induced persistent thermal and mechanical pain, neuropathic pain induced by partial sciatic nerve ligation (PSNL), prostaglandin E2 (PGE2)-induced acute mechanical hyperalgesia, as well as on nociception induced by capsaicin in mice. Mechanical hyperalgesia was assessed using von Frey hair in awake mice. The mechanism of action of MECM was evaluated by using glibenclamide on PGE2-induced hyperalgesia or rimonabant on capsaicin-induced pain.

Results: MECM administered orally at the doses of 250 and 500 mg/kg, induced long lasting and significant antihyperalgesic effects on CFA-inflammatory and PSNL-induced neuropathic pain. MECM significantly reduced the mechanical hyperalgesia induced by PGE2 either when administered preventively or therapeutically. MECM also significantly and time dependently inhibited the capsaicin-induced nociception. These effects were not affected by glibenclamide or by rimonabant.

Conclusions: The present results demonstrate that the oral administration of MECM to mice resulted in long lasting antihyperalgesic activity in inflammatory and neuropathic pain as well as in acute and persistent pain. The mechanism underlying the long lasting MECM antihyperalgesic effect is currently unknown, but might be mediated, at least partially, through the modulation of TRPV1 receptors.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus