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A revision of Spondias L. (Anacardiaceae) in the Neotropics.

Mitchell JD, Daly DC - PhytoKeys (2015)

Bottom Line: The genus is circumscribed.Diagnostic character sets include leaf architecture, habit, flower morphology, and gross fruit morphology.Notes on the ecology and economic botany of the species are provided.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute of Systematic Botany, The New York Botanical Garden, 2900 Southern Blvd., Bronx, NY 10458-5126.

ABSTRACT
As part of an ongoing study of Anacardiaceae subfamily Spondioideae, the ten native and one introduced species of Spondias in the Neotropics are revised. The genus is circumscribed. Three new species, Spondiasadmirabilis, Spondiasexpeditionaria, and Spondiasglobosa, are described and illustrated; a key to the taxa found in the Neotropics and distribution maps are provided. The Paleotropical species and allied genera are reviewed. Diagnostic character sets include leaf architecture, habit, flower morphology, and gross fruit morphology. Notes on the ecology and economic botany of the species are provided.

No MeSH data available.


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Distributions of Spondiasglobosa and Spondiastuberosa.
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Figure 13: Distributions of Spondiasglobosa and Spondiastuberosa.

Mentions: There is morphological evidence of hybridization between Spondiasmombin and Spondiasglobosa. The former is widespread and widely cultivated from S Mexico to SE Brazil and eastern central Bolivia, while Spondiasglobosa is more restricted, occurring in W Amazonia and disjunct in Zulia, Venezuela (see Figs 12, 13). In SW Amazonia, the two are usually easy to distinguish, but in Amazonian Ecuador, Colombia, and Peru one frequently finds individuals that appear to be intermediate between the two. Typical Spondiasglobosa has (depressed-)globose fruits, leaflets with composite admedial tertiaries running from the intramarginal vein as well as from the secondaries, and marginal ultimate venation lacking a fimbrial vein and incompletely looped, while Spondiasmombin has broadly oblong fruits, tertiary venation mostly irregular-reticulate with some admedial branching from the secondaries, and the marginal ultimate venation consisting of a fimbrial vein. We have observed quite a number of specimens (see Index of Specimens Examined) with the fruits of Spondiasmombin and the leaflet architecture of Spondiasglobosa (although we have not been able to check the marginal ultimate venation of all the specimens).


A revision of Spondias L. (Anacardiaceae) in the Neotropics.

Mitchell JD, Daly DC - PhytoKeys (2015)

Distributions of Spondiasglobosa and Spondiastuberosa.
© Copyright Policy - creative-commons-attribution
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4547026&req=5

Figure 13: Distributions of Spondiasglobosa and Spondiastuberosa.
Mentions: There is morphological evidence of hybridization between Spondiasmombin and Spondiasglobosa. The former is widespread and widely cultivated from S Mexico to SE Brazil and eastern central Bolivia, while Spondiasglobosa is more restricted, occurring in W Amazonia and disjunct in Zulia, Venezuela (see Figs 12, 13). In SW Amazonia, the two are usually easy to distinguish, but in Amazonian Ecuador, Colombia, and Peru one frequently finds individuals that appear to be intermediate between the two. Typical Spondiasglobosa has (depressed-)globose fruits, leaflets with composite admedial tertiaries running from the intramarginal vein as well as from the secondaries, and marginal ultimate venation lacking a fimbrial vein and incompletely looped, while Spondiasmombin has broadly oblong fruits, tertiary venation mostly irregular-reticulate with some admedial branching from the secondaries, and the marginal ultimate venation consisting of a fimbrial vein. We have observed quite a number of specimens (see Index of Specimens Examined) with the fruits of Spondiasmombin and the leaflet architecture of Spondiasglobosa (although we have not been able to check the marginal ultimate venation of all the specimens).

Bottom Line: The genus is circumscribed.Diagnostic character sets include leaf architecture, habit, flower morphology, and gross fruit morphology.Notes on the ecology and economic botany of the species are provided.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute of Systematic Botany, The New York Botanical Garden, 2900 Southern Blvd., Bronx, NY 10458-5126.

ABSTRACT
As part of an ongoing study of Anacardiaceae subfamily Spondioideae, the ten native and one introduced species of Spondias in the Neotropics are revised. The genus is circumscribed. Three new species, Spondiasadmirabilis, Spondiasexpeditionaria, and Spondiasglobosa, are described and illustrated; a key to the taxa found in the Neotropics and distribution maps are provided. The Paleotropical species and allied genera are reviewed. Diagnostic character sets include leaf architecture, habit, flower morphology, and gross fruit morphology. Notes on the ecology and economic botany of the species are provided.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus