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New Ancient Egyptian Human Mummies from the Valley of the Kings, Luxor: Anthropological, Radiological, and Egyptological Investigations.

Rühli F, Ikram S, Bickel S - Biomed Res Int (2015)

Bottom Line: This paper reports on newly discovered ancient Egyptian human mummified remains originating from the field seasons 2010-2012.A total of five human individuals have been examined so far and set into an Egyptological context.This project highlights the importance of ongoing excavation and science efforts even in well-studied areas of Egypt such as the Kings' Valley.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute of Evolutionary Medicine, University of Zurich, 8057 Zurich, Switzerland.

ABSTRACT
The Valley of the Kings (arab. Wadi al Muluk; KV) situated on the West Bank near Luxor (Egypt) was the site for royal and elite burials during the New Kingdom (ca. 1500-1100 BC), with many tombs being reused in subsequent periods. In 2009, the scientific project "The University of Basel Kings' Valley Project" was launched. The main purpose of this transdisciplinary project is the clearance and documentation of nonroyal tombs in the surrounding of the tomb of Pharaoh Thutmosis III (ca. 1479-1424 BC; KV 34). This paper reports on newly discovered ancient Egyptian human mummified remains originating from the field seasons 2010-2012. Besides macroscopic assessments, the remains were conventionally X-rayed by a portable X-ray unit in situ inside KV 31. These image data serve as basis for individual sex and age determination and for the study of probable pathologies and embalming techniques. A total of five human individuals have been examined so far and set into an Egyptological context. This project highlights the importance of ongoing excavation and science efforts even in well-studied areas of Egypt such as the Kings' Valley.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

(a), (b), (c), and (d): overview of mummified remains D1 (a), frontal view of head D1 (b), conventional X-ray of head D1 showing among others most likely remnants of the shrunken brain (c), and close-up of alteration in left iliac fossa region of unclear etiology (d).
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fig7: (a), (b), (c), and (d): overview of mummified remains D1 (a), frontal view of head D1 (b), conventional X-ray of head D1 showing among others most likely remnants of the shrunken brain (c), and close-up of alteration in left iliac fossa region of unclear etiology (d).

Mentions: The X-rays show an unidentifiable small bone fragment at the left femur condyles and a fractured fibula collum as well as a soft tissue defect. The left clavicle is fractured. Also, a massive soft tissue defect right medial in the area of the adductor muscles as well as a unique contour of the femurs bilaterally up to the condyle region can be found. Also, left-sided defects of the pubic bone and symphysis can be seen. All traumata are most likely of postmortem nature. Finally, the massive thoracic (with the exception of the left apex area) and abdominal stuffing can be seen bilaterally.


New Ancient Egyptian Human Mummies from the Valley of the Kings, Luxor: Anthropological, Radiological, and Egyptological Investigations.

Rühli F, Ikram S, Bickel S - Biomed Res Int (2015)

(a), (b), (c), and (d): overview of mummified remains D1 (a), frontal view of head D1 (b), conventional X-ray of head D1 showing among others most likely remnants of the shrunken brain (c), and close-up of alteration in left iliac fossa region of unclear etiology (d).
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4544442&req=5

fig7: (a), (b), (c), and (d): overview of mummified remains D1 (a), frontal view of head D1 (b), conventional X-ray of head D1 showing among others most likely remnants of the shrunken brain (c), and close-up of alteration in left iliac fossa region of unclear etiology (d).
Mentions: The X-rays show an unidentifiable small bone fragment at the left femur condyles and a fractured fibula collum as well as a soft tissue defect. The left clavicle is fractured. Also, a massive soft tissue defect right medial in the area of the adductor muscles as well as a unique contour of the femurs bilaterally up to the condyle region can be found. Also, left-sided defects of the pubic bone and symphysis can be seen. All traumata are most likely of postmortem nature. Finally, the massive thoracic (with the exception of the left apex area) and abdominal stuffing can be seen bilaterally.

Bottom Line: This paper reports on newly discovered ancient Egyptian human mummified remains originating from the field seasons 2010-2012.A total of five human individuals have been examined so far and set into an Egyptological context.This project highlights the importance of ongoing excavation and science efforts even in well-studied areas of Egypt such as the Kings' Valley.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute of Evolutionary Medicine, University of Zurich, 8057 Zurich, Switzerland.

ABSTRACT
The Valley of the Kings (arab. Wadi al Muluk; KV) situated on the West Bank near Luxor (Egypt) was the site for royal and elite burials during the New Kingdom (ca. 1500-1100 BC), with many tombs being reused in subsequent periods. In 2009, the scientific project "The University of Basel Kings' Valley Project" was launched. The main purpose of this transdisciplinary project is the clearance and documentation of nonroyal tombs in the surrounding of the tomb of Pharaoh Thutmosis III (ca. 1479-1424 BC; KV 34). This paper reports on newly discovered ancient Egyptian human mummified remains originating from the field seasons 2010-2012. Besides macroscopic assessments, the remains were conventionally X-rayed by a portable X-ray unit in situ inside KV 31. These image data serve as basis for individual sex and age determination and for the study of probable pathologies and embalming techniques. A total of five human individuals have been examined so far and set into an Egyptological context. This project highlights the importance of ongoing excavation and science efforts even in well-studied areas of Egypt such as the Kings' Valley.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus