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New Ancient Egyptian Human Mummies from the Valley of the Kings, Luxor: Anthropological, Radiological, and Egyptological Investigations.

Rühli F, Ikram S, Bickel S - Biomed Res Int (2015)

Bottom Line: This paper reports on newly discovered ancient Egyptian human mummified remains originating from the field seasons 2010-2012.A total of five human individuals have been examined so far and set into an Egyptological context.This project highlights the importance of ongoing excavation and science efforts even in well-studied areas of Egypt such as the Kings' Valley.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute of Evolutionary Medicine, University of Zurich, 8057 Zurich, Switzerland.

ABSTRACT
The Valley of the Kings (arab. Wadi al Muluk; KV) situated on the West Bank near Luxor (Egypt) was the site for royal and elite burials during the New Kingdom (ca. 1500-1100 BC), with many tombs being reused in subsequent periods. In 2009, the scientific project "The University of Basel Kings' Valley Project" was launched. The main purpose of this transdisciplinary project is the clearance and documentation of nonroyal tombs in the surrounding of the tomb of Pharaoh Thutmosis III (ca. 1479-1424 BC; KV 34). This paper reports on newly discovered ancient Egyptian human mummified remains originating from the field seasons 2010-2012. Besides macroscopic assessments, the remains were conventionally X-rayed by a portable X-ray unit in situ inside KV 31. These image data serve as basis for individual sex and age determination and for the study of probable pathologies and embalming techniques. A total of five human individuals have been examined so far and set into an Egyptological context. This project highlights the importance of ongoing excavation and science efforts even in well-studied areas of Egypt such as the Kings' Valley.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

(a), (b): overview of mummy C4 (a) and conventional X-ray (ap direction) of midfemoral region (with parts of isolated lower limbs visible too) showing a.o. the massive soft tissue defects in the region of the adductor muscles.
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Related In: Results  -  Collection


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fig6: (a), (b): overview of mummy C4 (a) and conventional X-ray (ap direction) of midfemoral region (with parts of isolated lower limbs visible too) showing a.o. the massive soft tissue defects in the region of the adductor muscles.

Mentions: The X-rays reveal a.o. a proximal left humerus fracture of most likely postmortem origin. The presence of mediastinal tissue, particularly the heart, cannot be determined due to the filling of the majority of the thorax and abdomen with rather dense stuffing material particularly in the lower abdomen and pelvis. Multiple fractures and anatomical dislocations can be seen: in the left distal lower arm and in the left subtrochanteric region as well as in the left tibia condyles. In the right axillar region, a discontinuity with a soft tissue defect in the humeral head region can be found; as differential diagnosis, a nondislocated humeral fracture of most likely postmortem origin as well as an artefact due to the superimposition of a soft tissue lesion is most likely. Also, the right first metatarsal shows a possible postmortem fracture. Finally, a mildly scoliotic upper thoracic spine toward the left side mostly due to positioning can be seen.


New Ancient Egyptian Human Mummies from the Valley of the Kings, Luxor: Anthropological, Radiological, and Egyptological Investigations.

Rühli F, Ikram S, Bickel S - Biomed Res Int (2015)

(a), (b): overview of mummy C4 (a) and conventional X-ray (ap direction) of midfemoral region (with parts of isolated lower limbs visible too) showing a.o. the massive soft tissue defects in the region of the adductor muscles.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4544442&req=5

fig6: (a), (b): overview of mummy C4 (a) and conventional X-ray (ap direction) of midfemoral region (with parts of isolated lower limbs visible too) showing a.o. the massive soft tissue defects in the region of the adductor muscles.
Mentions: The X-rays reveal a.o. a proximal left humerus fracture of most likely postmortem origin. The presence of mediastinal tissue, particularly the heart, cannot be determined due to the filling of the majority of the thorax and abdomen with rather dense stuffing material particularly in the lower abdomen and pelvis. Multiple fractures and anatomical dislocations can be seen: in the left distal lower arm and in the left subtrochanteric region as well as in the left tibia condyles. In the right axillar region, a discontinuity with a soft tissue defect in the humeral head region can be found; as differential diagnosis, a nondislocated humeral fracture of most likely postmortem origin as well as an artefact due to the superimposition of a soft tissue lesion is most likely. Also, the right first metatarsal shows a possible postmortem fracture. Finally, a mildly scoliotic upper thoracic spine toward the left side mostly due to positioning can be seen.

Bottom Line: This paper reports on newly discovered ancient Egyptian human mummified remains originating from the field seasons 2010-2012.A total of five human individuals have been examined so far and set into an Egyptological context.This project highlights the importance of ongoing excavation and science efforts even in well-studied areas of Egypt such as the Kings' Valley.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute of Evolutionary Medicine, University of Zurich, 8057 Zurich, Switzerland.

ABSTRACT
The Valley of the Kings (arab. Wadi al Muluk; KV) situated on the West Bank near Luxor (Egypt) was the site for royal and elite burials during the New Kingdom (ca. 1500-1100 BC), with many tombs being reused in subsequent periods. In 2009, the scientific project "The University of Basel Kings' Valley Project" was launched. The main purpose of this transdisciplinary project is the clearance and documentation of nonroyal tombs in the surrounding of the tomb of Pharaoh Thutmosis III (ca. 1479-1424 BC; KV 34). This paper reports on newly discovered ancient Egyptian human mummified remains originating from the field seasons 2010-2012. Besides macroscopic assessments, the remains were conventionally X-rayed by a portable X-ray unit in situ inside KV 31. These image data serve as basis for individual sex and age determination and for the study of probable pathologies and embalming techniques. A total of five human individuals have been examined so far and set into an Egyptological context. This project highlights the importance of ongoing excavation and science efforts even in well-studied areas of Egypt such as the Kings' Valley.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus