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Bullying among adolescents in a Brazilian urban center - "Health in Beagá" Study.

da Costa MR, Xavier CC, Andrade AC, Proietti FA, Caiaffa WT - Rev Saude Publica (2015)

Bottom Line: Data were used from a population-based household survey conducted by the Urban Health Observatory (OSUBH) utilizing probability sampling in three stages: census tracts, residences, and individuals.Univariate and multivariate analysis was done using robust Poisson regression.Characteristics regarding self-perception and adolescent perceptions of their environment were also associated with bullying, thus advancing the knowledge of this type of violence, especially in urban centers of developing countries.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG, BR.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the prevalence of bullying and its associated factors in Brazilian adolescents.

Methods: Data were used from a population-based household survey conducted by the Urban Health Observatory (OSUBH) utilizing probability sampling in three stages: census tracts, residences, and individuals. The survey included 598 adolescents (14-17 years old) who responded questions on bullying, sociodemographic characteristics, health-risk behaviors, educational well-being, family structure, physical activity, markers of nutritional habits, and subjective well-being (body image, personal satisfaction, and satisfaction with their present and future life). Univariate and multivariate analysis was done using robust Poisson regression.

Results: The prevalence of bullying was 26.2% (28.0% among males, 24.0% among females). The location of most bullying cases was at or on route to school (70.5%), followed by on the streets (28.5%), at home (9.8%), while practicing sports (7.3%), at parties (4.6%), at work (1.7%), and at other locations (1.6%). Reports of bullying were associated with life dissatisfaction, difficulty relating to parents, involvement in fights with peers and insecurity in the neighborhood.

Conclusions: A high prevalence of bullying among participating adolescents was found, and the school serves as the main bullying location, although other sites such as home, parties and workplace were also reported. Characteristics regarding self-perception and adolescent perceptions of their environment were also associated with bullying, thus advancing the knowledge of this type of violence, especially in urban centers of developing countries.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Bullying according to age. Beagá Health Study, Belo Horizonte, MG, Southeastern Brazil, 2008 to 2009.
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f02: Bullying according to age. Beagá Health Study, Belo Horizonte, MG, Southeastern Brazil, 2008 to 2009.

Mentions: The prevalence of reported bullying was 26.4% and the proportion did not differ according to age or gender. The location with the greatest frequency of bullying was the school (55.1%) followed by on the streets (28.5%), en route between home and school (15.4%), home (9.8%), practicing sports (7.3%), at parties (4.6%), at work (1.7%), and at other locations (1.6%). Reports of bullying in the school environment (at school or en route between school and home, which together account for 70.4%), did not differ between ages, while reports at other locations were most prominent among those with 17 years old (Figure 2).


Bullying among adolescents in a Brazilian urban center - "Health in Beagá" Study.

da Costa MR, Xavier CC, Andrade AC, Proietti FA, Caiaffa WT - Rev Saude Publica (2015)

Bullying according to age. Beagá Health Study, Belo Horizonte, MG, Southeastern Brazil, 2008 to 2009.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4544416&req=5

f02: Bullying according to age. Beagá Health Study, Belo Horizonte, MG, Southeastern Brazil, 2008 to 2009.
Mentions: The prevalence of reported bullying was 26.4% and the proportion did not differ according to age or gender. The location with the greatest frequency of bullying was the school (55.1%) followed by on the streets (28.5%), en route between home and school (15.4%), home (9.8%), practicing sports (7.3%), at parties (4.6%), at work (1.7%), and at other locations (1.6%). Reports of bullying in the school environment (at school or en route between school and home, which together account for 70.4%), did not differ between ages, while reports at other locations were most prominent among those with 17 years old (Figure 2).

Bottom Line: Data were used from a population-based household survey conducted by the Urban Health Observatory (OSUBH) utilizing probability sampling in three stages: census tracts, residences, and individuals.Univariate and multivariate analysis was done using robust Poisson regression.Characteristics regarding self-perception and adolescent perceptions of their environment were also associated with bullying, thus advancing the knowledge of this type of violence, especially in urban centers of developing countries.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG, BR.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the prevalence of bullying and its associated factors in Brazilian adolescents.

Methods: Data were used from a population-based household survey conducted by the Urban Health Observatory (OSUBH) utilizing probability sampling in three stages: census tracts, residences, and individuals. The survey included 598 adolescents (14-17 years old) who responded questions on bullying, sociodemographic characteristics, health-risk behaviors, educational well-being, family structure, physical activity, markers of nutritional habits, and subjective well-being (body image, personal satisfaction, and satisfaction with their present and future life). Univariate and multivariate analysis was done using robust Poisson regression.

Results: The prevalence of bullying was 26.2% (28.0% among males, 24.0% among females). The location of most bullying cases was at or on route to school (70.5%), followed by on the streets (28.5%), at home (9.8%), while practicing sports (7.3%), at parties (4.6%), at work (1.7%), and at other locations (1.6%). Reports of bullying were associated with life dissatisfaction, difficulty relating to parents, involvement in fights with peers and insecurity in the neighborhood.

Conclusions: A high prevalence of bullying among participating adolescents was found, and the school serves as the main bullying location, although other sites such as home, parties and workplace were also reported. Characteristics regarding self-perception and adolescent perceptions of their environment were also associated with bullying, thus advancing the knowledge of this type of violence, especially in urban centers of developing countries.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus