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Bullying among adolescents in a Brazilian urban center - "Health in Beagá" Study.

da Costa MR, Xavier CC, Andrade AC, Proietti FA, Caiaffa WT - Rev Saude Publica (2015)

Bottom Line: Data were used from a population-based household survey conducted by the Urban Health Observatory (OSUBH) utilizing probability sampling in three stages: census tracts, residences, and individuals.Univariate and multivariate analysis was done using robust Poisson regression.Characteristics regarding self-perception and adolescent perceptions of their environment were also associated with bullying, thus advancing the knowledge of this type of violence, especially in urban centers of developing countries.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG, BR.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the prevalence of bullying and its associated factors in Brazilian adolescents.

Methods: Data were used from a population-based household survey conducted by the Urban Health Observatory (OSUBH) utilizing probability sampling in three stages: census tracts, residences, and individuals. The survey included 598 adolescents (14-17 years old) who responded questions on bullying, sociodemographic characteristics, health-risk behaviors, educational well-being, family structure, physical activity, markers of nutritional habits, and subjective well-being (body image, personal satisfaction, and satisfaction with their present and future life). Univariate and multivariate analysis was done using robust Poisson regression.

Results: The prevalence of bullying was 26.2% (28.0% among males, 24.0% among females). The location of most bullying cases was at or on route to school (70.5%), followed by on the streets (28.5%), at home (9.8%), while practicing sports (7.3%), at parties (4.6%), at work (1.7%), and at other locations (1.6%). Reports of bullying were associated with life dissatisfaction, difficulty relating to parents, involvement in fights with peers and insecurity in the neighborhood.

Conclusions: A high prevalence of bullying among participating adolescents was found, and the school serves as the main bullying location, although other sites such as home, parties and workplace were also reported. Characteristics regarding self-perception and adolescent perceptions of their environment were also associated with bullying, thus advancing the knowledge of this type of violence, especially in urban centers of developing countries.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Theoretical model proposed for this study, based on the Urban Health Model adapted from Galea & Vlahov,11 2005, by Caiaffa et al,4 2008.
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f01: Theoretical model proposed for this study, based on the Urban Health Model adapted from Galea & Vlahov,11 2005, by Caiaffa et al,4 2008.

Mentions: Many factors are associated to bullying (including both profiles: aggressor and victim), such as: age,17 family dynamics,19 interpersonal relationships,9 social context, consumption of alcohol and tobacco, poor academic performance, feelings of despair, loneliness, and quality of life should be highlighted.1,18 Bullying can be influenced by proximal and distal factors, such as individual and family, social and neighborhood characteristics, respectively4 (Figure 1).


Bullying among adolescents in a Brazilian urban center - "Health in Beagá" Study.

da Costa MR, Xavier CC, Andrade AC, Proietti FA, Caiaffa WT - Rev Saude Publica (2015)

Theoretical model proposed for this study, based on the Urban Health Model adapted from Galea & Vlahov,11 2005, by Caiaffa et al,4 2008.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4544416&req=5

f01: Theoretical model proposed for this study, based on the Urban Health Model adapted from Galea & Vlahov,11 2005, by Caiaffa et al,4 2008.
Mentions: Many factors are associated to bullying (including both profiles: aggressor and victim), such as: age,17 family dynamics,19 interpersonal relationships,9 social context, consumption of alcohol and tobacco, poor academic performance, feelings of despair, loneliness, and quality of life should be highlighted.1,18 Bullying can be influenced by proximal and distal factors, such as individual and family, social and neighborhood characteristics, respectively4 (Figure 1).

Bottom Line: Data were used from a population-based household survey conducted by the Urban Health Observatory (OSUBH) utilizing probability sampling in three stages: census tracts, residences, and individuals.Univariate and multivariate analysis was done using robust Poisson regression.Characteristics regarding self-perception and adolescent perceptions of their environment were also associated with bullying, thus advancing the knowledge of this type of violence, especially in urban centers of developing countries.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG, BR.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the prevalence of bullying and its associated factors in Brazilian adolescents.

Methods: Data were used from a population-based household survey conducted by the Urban Health Observatory (OSUBH) utilizing probability sampling in three stages: census tracts, residences, and individuals. The survey included 598 adolescents (14-17 years old) who responded questions on bullying, sociodemographic characteristics, health-risk behaviors, educational well-being, family structure, physical activity, markers of nutritional habits, and subjective well-being (body image, personal satisfaction, and satisfaction with their present and future life). Univariate and multivariate analysis was done using robust Poisson regression.

Results: The prevalence of bullying was 26.2% (28.0% among males, 24.0% among females). The location of most bullying cases was at or on route to school (70.5%), followed by on the streets (28.5%), at home (9.8%), while practicing sports (7.3%), at parties (4.6%), at work (1.7%), and at other locations (1.6%). Reports of bullying were associated with life dissatisfaction, difficulty relating to parents, involvement in fights with peers and insecurity in the neighborhood.

Conclusions: A high prevalence of bullying among participating adolescents was found, and the school serves as the main bullying location, although other sites such as home, parties and workplace were also reported. Characteristics regarding self-perception and adolescent perceptions of their environment were also associated with bullying, thus advancing the knowledge of this type of violence, especially in urban centers of developing countries.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus