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[Religiousness and health-related quality of life of older adults].

Abdala GA, Kimura M, Duarte YA, Lebrão ML, dos Santos B - Rev Saude Publica (2015)

Bottom Line: Higher levels of organizational and intrinsic religiousness were associated with better physical and mental components.Higher education, better family functioning and fewer diseases contributed directly to improved performance in physical and mental components, regardless of religiousness.Organizational and intrinsic religiousness had a beneficial effect on the relationship between age, education and health-related quality of life of these older adults.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Centro Universitário Adventista de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, BR.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To examine whether religiousness mediates the relationship between sociodemographic factors, multimorbidity and health-related quality of life of older adults.

Methods: This population-based cross-sectional study is part of the Survey on Health, Well-Being, and Aging (SABE). The sample was composed by 911 older adults from Sao Paulo, SP, Southeastern Brazil. Structural equation modeling was performed to assess the mediator effect of religiousness on the relationship between selected variables and health-related quality of life of older adults, with models for men and women. The independent variables were: age, education, family functioning and multimorbidity. The outcome variable was health-related quality of life of older adults, measured by SF-12 (physical and mental components). The mediator variables were organizational, non-organizational and intrinsic religiousness. Cronbach's alpha values were: physical component = 0.85; mental component = 0.80; intrinsic religiousness = 0.89 and family APGAR (Adaptability, Partnership, Growth, Affection, and Resolve) = 0.91.

Results: Higher levels of organizational and intrinsic religiousness were associated with better physical and mental components. Higher education, better family functioning and fewer diseases contributed directly to improved performance in physical and mental components, regardless of religiousness. For women, organizational religiousness mediated the relationship between age and physical (β = 2.401, p < 0.01) and mental (β = 1.663, p < 0.01) components. For men, intrinsic religiousness mediated the relationship between education and mental component (β = 7.158, p < 0.01).

Conclusions: Organizational and intrinsic religiousness had a beneficial effect on the relationship between age, education and health-related quality of life of these older adults.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Representação do modelo estrutural e de mensuração usando a modelagem de equações estruturais com as influências das variáveis sobre o componente mental para homens e mulheres idosos. São Paulo, SP, Brasil, 2006.
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f02002: Representação do modelo estrutural e de mensuração usando a modelagem de equações estruturais com as influências das variáveis sobre o componente mental para homens e mulheres idosos. São Paulo, SP, Brasil, 2006.

Mentions: Assim como no componente físico, a idade também esteve associada à religiosidade organizacional das mulheres (β = -0,034; p < 0,01) que, por sua vez, associou-se ao componente mental dessas mulheres (β = 1,661; p < 0,01). O modelo estimativo foi TLI = 0,613; CFI = 0,731; RMSEA = 0,08 (p ≤ 0,05; IC = 90%) (Figura 2). O efeito indireto total entre a idade, a religiosidade e o componente físico das idosas foi: idade → religiosidade organizacional → componente físico = -0,034 x 2,401 = -0,0813 (p ≤ 0,05), ou seja, para cada ano a mais da pessoa idosa, a religiosidade organizacional (ida à igreja) diminuía em 0,034; porém, esta aumentava em 2,401 o desempenho no componente físico da QVRS desses idosos.


[Religiousness and health-related quality of life of older adults].

Abdala GA, Kimura M, Duarte YA, Lebrão ML, dos Santos B - Rev Saude Publica (2015)

Representação do modelo estrutural e de mensuração usando a modelagem de equações estruturais com as influências das variáveis sobre o componente mental para homens e mulheres idosos. São Paulo, SP, Brasil, 2006.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4544361&req=5

f02002: Representação do modelo estrutural e de mensuração usando a modelagem de equações estruturais com as influências das variáveis sobre o componente mental para homens e mulheres idosos. São Paulo, SP, Brasil, 2006.
Mentions: Assim como no componente físico, a idade também esteve associada à religiosidade organizacional das mulheres (β = -0,034; p < 0,01) que, por sua vez, associou-se ao componente mental dessas mulheres (β = 1,661; p < 0,01). O modelo estimativo foi TLI = 0,613; CFI = 0,731; RMSEA = 0,08 (p ≤ 0,05; IC = 90%) (Figura 2). O efeito indireto total entre a idade, a religiosidade e o componente físico das idosas foi: idade → religiosidade organizacional → componente físico = -0,034 x 2,401 = -0,0813 (p ≤ 0,05), ou seja, para cada ano a mais da pessoa idosa, a religiosidade organizacional (ida à igreja) diminuía em 0,034; porém, esta aumentava em 2,401 o desempenho no componente físico da QVRS desses idosos.

Bottom Line: Higher levels of organizational and intrinsic religiousness were associated with better physical and mental components.Higher education, better family functioning and fewer diseases contributed directly to improved performance in physical and mental components, regardless of religiousness.Organizational and intrinsic religiousness had a beneficial effect on the relationship between age, education and health-related quality of life of these older adults.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Centro Universitário Adventista de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, BR.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To examine whether religiousness mediates the relationship between sociodemographic factors, multimorbidity and health-related quality of life of older adults.

Methods: This population-based cross-sectional study is part of the Survey on Health, Well-Being, and Aging (SABE). The sample was composed by 911 older adults from Sao Paulo, SP, Southeastern Brazil. Structural equation modeling was performed to assess the mediator effect of religiousness on the relationship between selected variables and health-related quality of life of older adults, with models for men and women. The independent variables were: age, education, family functioning and multimorbidity. The outcome variable was health-related quality of life of older adults, measured by SF-12 (physical and mental components). The mediator variables were organizational, non-organizational and intrinsic religiousness. Cronbach's alpha values were: physical component = 0.85; mental component = 0.80; intrinsic religiousness = 0.89 and family APGAR (Adaptability, Partnership, Growth, Affection, and Resolve) = 0.91.

Results: Higher levels of organizational and intrinsic religiousness were associated with better physical and mental components. Higher education, better family functioning and fewer diseases contributed directly to improved performance in physical and mental components, regardless of religiousness. For women, organizational religiousness mediated the relationship between age and physical (β = 2.401, p < 0.01) and mental (β = 1.663, p < 0.01) components. For men, intrinsic religiousness mediated the relationship between education and mental component (β = 7.158, p < 0.01).

Conclusions: Organizational and intrinsic religiousness had a beneficial effect on the relationship between age, education and health-related quality of life of these older adults.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus