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[Religiousness and health-related quality of life of older adults].

Abdala GA, Kimura M, Duarte YA, Lebrão ML, dos Santos B - Rev Saude Publica (2015)

Bottom Line: Higher levels of organizational and intrinsic religiousness were associated with better physical and mental components.Higher education, better family functioning and fewer diseases contributed directly to improved performance in physical and mental components, regardless of religiousness.Organizational and intrinsic religiousness had a beneficial effect on the relationship between age, education and health-related quality of life of these older adults.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Centro Universitário Adventista de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, BR.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To examine whether religiousness mediates the relationship between sociodemographic factors, multimorbidity and health-related quality of life of older adults.

Methods: This population-based cross-sectional study is part of the Survey on Health, Well-Being, and Aging (SABE). The sample was composed by 911 older adults from Sao Paulo, SP, Southeastern Brazil. Structural equation modeling was performed to assess the mediator effect of religiousness on the relationship between selected variables and health-related quality of life of older adults, with models for men and women. The independent variables were: age, education, family functioning and multimorbidity. The outcome variable was health-related quality of life of older adults, measured by SF-12 (physical and mental components). The mediator variables were organizational, non-organizational and intrinsic religiousness. Cronbach's alpha values were: physical component = 0.85; mental component = 0.80; intrinsic religiousness = 0.89 and family APGAR (Adaptability, Partnership, Growth, Affection, and Resolve) = 0.91.

Results: Higher levels of organizational and intrinsic religiousness were associated with better physical and mental components. Higher education, better family functioning and fewer diseases contributed directly to improved performance in physical and mental components, regardless of religiousness. For women, organizational religiousness mediated the relationship between age and physical (β = 2.401, p < 0.01) and mental (β = 1.663, p < 0.01) components. For men, intrinsic religiousness mediated the relationship between education and mental component (β = 7.158, p < 0.01).

Conclusions: Organizational and intrinsic religiousness had a beneficial effect on the relationship between age, education and health-related quality of life of these older adults.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Representation of the structural and measurement model using structural equation modeling with the influences of the variables on the mental component for older men and women. Sao Paulo, SP, Southeastern Brazil, 2006.
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f02: Representation of the structural and measurement model using structural equation modeling with the influences of the variables on the mental component for older men and women. Sao Paulo, SP, Southeastern Brazil, 2006.

Mentions: Similar to the physical component, age was also associated with women’s organizational religiousness (β = -0.034, p < 0.01), which was associated to the mental component of these women (β = 1.661, p < 0.01). The estimation model was TLI = 0.613; CFI = 0.731; RMSEA = 0.08 (p ≤ 0.05, 90%CI) (Figure 2). The total indirect effect between age, religiousness and the physical component of older women was: age → organizational religiousness → physical component = -0.034 × 2.401 = -0.0813 (p ≤ 0.05), i.e., organizational religiousness (going to church) decreased 0.034 for each extra year of age; however, it increased the performance in the physical component of those older adults’ HRQOL by 2.401.


[Religiousness and health-related quality of life of older adults].

Abdala GA, Kimura M, Duarte YA, Lebrão ML, dos Santos B - Rev Saude Publica (2015)

Representation of the structural and measurement model using structural equation modeling with the influences of the variables on the mental component for older men and women. Sao Paulo, SP, Southeastern Brazil, 2006.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4544361&req=5

f02: Representation of the structural and measurement model using structural equation modeling with the influences of the variables on the mental component for older men and women. Sao Paulo, SP, Southeastern Brazil, 2006.
Mentions: Similar to the physical component, age was also associated with women’s organizational religiousness (β = -0.034, p < 0.01), which was associated to the mental component of these women (β = 1.661, p < 0.01). The estimation model was TLI = 0.613; CFI = 0.731; RMSEA = 0.08 (p ≤ 0.05, 90%CI) (Figure 2). The total indirect effect between age, religiousness and the physical component of older women was: age → organizational religiousness → physical component = -0.034 × 2.401 = -0.0813 (p ≤ 0.05), i.e., organizational religiousness (going to church) decreased 0.034 for each extra year of age; however, it increased the performance in the physical component of those older adults’ HRQOL by 2.401.

Bottom Line: Higher levels of organizational and intrinsic religiousness were associated with better physical and mental components.Higher education, better family functioning and fewer diseases contributed directly to improved performance in physical and mental components, regardless of religiousness.Organizational and intrinsic religiousness had a beneficial effect on the relationship between age, education and health-related quality of life of these older adults.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Centro Universitário Adventista de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, BR.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To examine whether religiousness mediates the relationship between sociodemographic factors, multimorbidity and health-related quality of life of older adults.

Methods: This population-based cross-sectional study is part of the Survey on Health, Well-Being, and Aging (SABE). The sample was composed by 911 older adults from Sao Paulo, SP, Southeastern Brazil. Structural equation modeling was performed to assess the mediator effect of religiousness on the relationship between selected variables and health-related quality of life of older adults, with models for men and women. The independent variables were: age, education, family functioning and multimorbidity. The outcome variable was health-related quality of life of older adults, measured by SF-12 (physical and mental components). The mediator variables were organizational, non-organizational and intrinsic religiousness. Cronbach's alpha values were: physical component = 0.85; mental component = 0.80; intrinsic religiousness = 0.89 and family APGAR (Adaptability, Partnership, Growth, Affection, and Resolve) = 0.91.

Results: Higher levels of organizational and intrinsic religiousness were associated with better physical and mental components. Higher education, better family functioning and fewer diseases contributed directly to improved performance in physical and mental components, regardless of religiousness. For women, organizational religiousness mediated the relationship between age and physical (β = 2.401, p < 0.01) and mental (β = 1.663, p < 0.01) components. For men, intrinsic religiousness mediated the relationship between education and mental component (β = 7.158, p < 0.01).

Conclusions: Organizational and intrinsic religiousness had a beneficial effect on the relationship between age, education and health-related quality of life of these older adults.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus