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Forms of aggression, peer relationships, and relational victimization among Chinese adolescent girls and boys: roles of prosocial behavior.

Wang S, Zhang W, Li D, Yu C, Zhen S, Huang S - Front Psychol (2015)

Bottom Line: Through a sample of 686 Chinese adolescents (mean age = 13.73 years; 50% girls), we examined the compensatory and moderating effects of prosocial behavior on the direct and indirect associations between forms of aggression and relational victimization mediated by peer relationships among adolescent girls and boys.Next, we found that prosocial behavior indirectly counteracts the effects of aggression on relational victimization through reducing adolescents' peer rejection and promoting adolescents' peer attachment.Finally, we discussed the theoretical and practical implications of these findings.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: School of Psychology & Center for Studies of Psychological Application, South China Normal University Guangzhou, China.

ABSTRACT
Through a sample of 686 Chinese adolescents (mean age = 13.73 years; 50% girls), we examined the compensatory and moderating effects of prosocial behavior on the direct and indirect associations between forms of aggression and relational victimization mediated by peer relationships among adolescent girls and boys. The results indicated that only adolescent girls' relationally aggressive behaviors could be directly linked with their experiences of relational victimization, and both relationally and overtly aggressive adolescent boys and girls might be more often rejected by their peers, which, in turn, could make them targets of relational aggression. Next, we found that prosocial behavior indirectly counteracts the effects of aggression on relational victimization through reducing adolescents' peer rejection and promoting adolescents' peer attachment. In addition, relationally aggressive girls with high levels of prosocial behavior might be less rejected by peers; however, they might also have lower levels of peer attachment and be more likely to experience relational victimization. Last, adolescent boys scored higher on risks, but lower on the protective factors of relational victimization than girls, which, to some degree, might explain the gender difference in relational victimization. Finally, we discussed the theoretical and practical implications of these findings.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Prosocial behavior moderates the effects of relational and overt aggression on relational victimization mediated by peer relationships among adolescent boys (Model 4.1). The latent variables were depicted by ellipses, and the observable variables were depicted by rectangles. Standardized coefficients were provided. RAgg, relational aggression, PBeh, prosocial behavior, OAgg, overt aggression, PRej, peer rejection, FNum, friend number, PAtt, peer attachment, RPV, relational victimization. ∗p ≤ 0.05, ∗∗p ≤ 0.01, ∗∗∗p ≤ 0.001.
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Figure 4: Prosocial behavior moderates the effects of relational and overt aggression on relational victimization mediated by peer relationships among adolescent boys (Model 4.1). The latent variables were depicted by ellipses, and the observable variables were depicted by rectangles. Standardized coefficients were provided. RAgg, relational aggression, PBeh, prosocial behavior, OAgg, overt aggression, PRej, peer rejection, FNum, friend number, PAtt, peer attachment, RPV, relational victimization. ∗p ≤ 0.05, ∗∗p ≤ 0.01, ∗∗∗p ≤ 0.001.

Mentions: Importantly, we tested a moderated mediation model to synthetically examine Hypothesis 2b, which predicted that prosocial behavior would have moderating effects on both the direct (i.e., relational/overt aggression → relational victimization) and indirect (i.e., relational/overt aggression → peer relationships → relational victimization) pathways among the adolescent boys and girls, respectively. Moderated mediation, also known as conditional indirect effect, occurs when the mediating effect of a variable on an outcome variable depends on levels of another variable (Preacher et al., 2007). We tested this model following the suggestions of Aiken and West (1991). First, all independent variables (i.e., relational/overt aggression, prosocial behavior, peer rejection, number of friends, and peer attachment) were mean centered to better explain the moderating effects and reduce multicollinearity among variables. Then, five interaction terms (i.e., prosocial behavior × relational aggression, prosocial behavior × overt aggression, prosocial behavior × peer rejection, prosocial behavior × number of friends, and prosocial behavior × peer attachment) were added to establish Model 3 for the girls and Model 4 for the boys. Although the results suggested that both models adequately fit the data (Model 3: χ2/df = 3.01, CFI = 0.95, TLI = 0.90, IFI = 0.95, RMSEA = 0.077; Model 4: χ2/df = 1.30, CFI = 0.99, TLI = 0.98, IFI = 0.99, RMSEA = 0.029), we still chose to simplify both models by deleting all the non-significant paths and establish Model 3.1 for the girls (see Figure 3) and Model 4.1 for the boys (see Figure 4). The results of the model comparisons, as presented in Table 3, indicated that the fit statistics of Model 3.1 and Model 4.1 were better than those of Model 3 and Model 4. Therefore, we selected the more simplified models (i.e., Model 3.1 and Model 4.1).


Forms of aggression, peer relationships, and relational victimization among Chinese adolescent girls and boys: roles of prosocial behavior.

Wang S, Zhang W, Li D, Yu C, Zhen S, Huang S - Front Psychol (2015)

Prosocial behavior moderates the effects of relational and overt aggression on relational victimization mediated by peer relationships among adolescent boys (Model 4.1). The latent variables were depicted by ellipses, and the observable variables were depicted by rectangles. Standardized coefficients were provided. RAgg, relational aggression, PBeh, prosocial behavior, OAgg, overt aggression, PRej, peer rejection, FNum, friend number, PAtt, peer attachment, RPV, relational victimization. ∗p ≤ 0.05, ∗∗p ≤ 0.01, ∗∗∗p ≤ 0.001.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

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getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4543795&req=5

Figure 4: Prosocial behavior moderates the effects of relational and overt aggression on relational victimization mediated by peer relationships among adolescent boys (Model 4.1). The latent variables were depicted by ellipses, and the observable variables were depicted by rectangles. Standardized coefficients were provided. RAgg, relational aggression, PBeh, prosocial behavior, OAgg, overt aggression, PRej, peer rejection, FNum, friend number, PAtt, peer attachment, RPV, relational victimization. ∗p ≤ 0.05, ∗∗p ≤ 0.01, ∗∗∗p ≤ 0.001.
Mentions: Importantly, we tested a moderated mediation model to synthetically examine Hypothesis 2b, which predicted that prosocial behavior would have moderating effects on both the direct (i.e., relational/overt aggression → relational victimization) and indirect (i.e., relational/overt aggression → peer relationships → relational victimization) pathways among the adolescent boys and girls, respectively. Moderated mediation, also known as conditional indirect effect, occurs when the mediating effect of a variable on an outcome variable depends on levels of another variable (Preacher et al., 2007). We tested this model following the suggestions of Aiken and West (1991). First, all independent variables (i.e., relational/overt aggression, prosocial behavior, peer rejection, number of friends, and peer attachment) were mean centered to better explain the moderating effects and reduce multicollinearity among variables. Then, five interaction terms (i.e., prosocial behavior × relational aggression, prosocial behavior × overt aggression, prosocial behavior × peer rejection, prosocial behavior × number of friends, and prosocial behavior × peer attachment) were added to establish Model 3 for the girls and Model 4 for the boys. Although the results suggested that both models adequately fit the data (Model 3: χ2/df = 3.01, CFI = 0.95, TLI = 0.90, IFI = 0.95, RMSEA = 0.077; Model 4: χ2/df = 1.30, CFI = 0.99, TLI = 0.98, IFI = 0.99, RMSEA = 0.029), we still chose to simplify both models by deleting all the non-significant paths and establish Model 3.1 for the girls (see Figure 3) and Model 4.1 for the boys (see Figure 4). The results of the model comparisons, as presented in Table 3, indicated that the fit statistics of Model 3.1 and Model 4.1 were better than those of Model 3 and Model 4. Therefore, we selected the more simplified models (i.e., Model 3.1 and Model 4.1).

Bottom Line: Through a sample of 686 Chinese adolescents (mean age = 13.73 years; 50% girls), we examined the compensatory and moderating effects of prosocial behavior on the direct and indirect associations between forms of aggression and relational victimization mediated by peer relationships among adolescent girls and boys.Next, we found that prosocial behavior indirectly counteracts the effects of aggression on relational victimization through reducing adolescents' peer rejection and promoting adolescents' peer attachment.Finally, we discussed the theoretical and practical implications of these findings.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: School of Psychology & Center for Studies of Psychological Application, South China Normal University Guangzhou, China.

ABSTRACT
Through a sample of 686 Chinese adolescents (mean age = 13.73 years; 50% girls), we examined the compensatory and moderating effects of prosocial behavior on the direct and indirect associations between forms of aggression and relational victimization mediated by peer relationships among adolescent girls and boys. The results indicated that only adolescent girls' relationally aggressive behaviors could be directly linked with their experiences of relational victimization, and both relationally and overtly aggressive adolescent boys and girls might be more often rejected by their peers, which, in turn, could make them targets of relational aggression. Next, we found that prosocial behavior indirectly counteracts the effects of aggression on relational victimization through reducing adolescents' peer rejection and promoting adolescents' peer attachment. In addition, relationally aggressive girls with high levels of prosocial behavior might be less rejected by peers; however, they might also have lower levels of peer attachment and be more likely to experience relational victimization. Last, adolescent boys scored higher on risks, but lower on the protective factors of relational victimization than girls, which, to some degree, might explain the gender difference in relational victimization. Finally, we discussed the theoretical and practical implications of these findings.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus