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Application of variance components estimation to calibrate geoid error models.

Guo DM, Xu HZ - Springerplus (2015)

Bottom Line: Secondly, two different statistical models are presented to illustrate the theory.The first method directly uses the errors-in-variables as a priori covariance matrices and the second method analyzes the biases of variance components and then proposes bias-corrected variance component estimators.Several numerical test results show the capability and effectiveness of the variance components estimation procedure in combined adjustment for calibrating geoid error model.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: State Key Laboratory of Geodesy and Earth's Dynamics, Institute of Geodesy and Geophysics, The Chinese Academy of Science, 340 Xudong Street, Wuhan, China.

ABSTRACT
The method of using Global Positioning System-leveling data to obtain orthometric heights has been well studied. A simple formulation for the weighted least squares problem has been presented in an earlier work. This formulation allows one directly employing the errors-in-variables models which completely descript the covariance matrices of the observables. However, an important question that what accuracy level can be achieved has not yet to be satisfactorily solved by this traditional formulation. One of the main reasons for this is the incorrectness of the stochastic models in the adjustment, which in turn allows improving the stochastic models of measurement noises. Therefore the issue of determining the stochastic modeling of observables in the combined adjustment with heterogeneous height types will be a main focus point in this paper. Firstly, the well-known method of variance component estimation is employed to calibrate the errors of heterogeneous height data in a combined least square adjustment of ellipsoidal, orthometric and gravimetric geoid. Specifically, the iterative algorithms of minimum norm quadratic unbiased estimation are used to estimate the variance components for each of heterogeneous observations. Secondly, two different statistical models are presented to illustrate the theory. The first method directly uses the errors-in-variables as a priori covariance matrices and the second method analyzes the biases of variance components and then proposes bias-corrected variance component estimators. Several numerical test results show the capability and effectiveness of the variance components estimation procedure in combined adjustment for calibrating geoid error model.

No MeSH data available.


Distribution of GPS benchmarks.
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Fig3: Distribution of GPS benchmarks.

Mentions: The GPS-leveling heights are employed to estimate the absolute and relative accuracies of gravimetric geoid. A total number of 170 GPS-leveling benchmarks distributed throughout the test area were used. Figure 3 gives the distribution of GPS-leveling stations. The GPS observations were processed with the Bernese GPS software version 4.2 with observation periods between 4 and 16 h. All the GPS heights used in a LS adjustment are given with respect to the GRS80 reference ellipsoid, the reference frame is ITRF2005. Geodetic leveling observations are given with respect to the North American Vertical Datum of 1988 (NAVD88).Fig. 3


Application of variance components estimation to calibrate geoid error models.

Guo DM, Xu HZ - Springerplus (2015)

Distribution of GPS benchmarks.
© Copyright Policy - OpenAccess
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4542880&req=5

Fig3: Distribution of GPS benchmarks.
Mentions: The GPS-leveling heights are employed to estimate the absolute and relative accuracies of gravimetric geoid. A total number of 170 GPS-leveling benchmarks distributed throughout the test area were used. Figure 3 gives the distribution of GPS-leveling stations. The GPS observations were processed with the Bernese GPS software version 4.2 with observation periods between 4 and 16 h. All the GPS heights used in a LS adjustment are given with respect to the GRS80 reference ellipsoid, the reference frame is ITRF2005. Geodetic leveling observations are given with respect to the North American Vertical Datum of 1988 (NAVD88).Fig. 3

Bottom Line: Secondly, two different statistical models are presented to illustrate the theory.The first method directly uses the errors-in-variables as a priori covariance matrices and the second method analyzes the biases of variance components and then proposes bias-corrected variance component estimators.Several numerical test results show the capability and effectiveness of the variance components estimation procedure in combined adjustment for calibrating geoid error model.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: State Key Laboratory of Geodesy and Earth's Dynamics, Institute of Geodesy and Geophysics, The Chinese Academy of Science, 340 Xudong Street, Wuhan, China.

ABSTRACT
The method of using Global Positioning System-leveling data to obtain orthometric heights has been well studied. A simple formulation for the weighted least squares problem has been presented in an earlier work. This formulation allows one directly employing the errors-in-variables models which completely descript the covariance matrices of the observables. However, an important question that what accuracy level can be achieved has not yet to be satisfactorily solved by this traditional formulation. One of the main reasons for this is the incorrectness of the stochastic models in the adjustment, which in turn allows improving the stochastic models of measurement noises. Therefore the issue of determining the stochastic modeling of observables in the combined adjustment with heterogeneous height types will be a main focus point in this paper. Firstly, the well-known method of variance component estimation is employed to calibrate the errors of heterogeneous height data in a combined least square adjustment of ellipsoidal, orthometric and gravimetric geoid. Specifically, the iterative algorithms of minimum norm quadratic unbiased estimation are used to estimate the variance components for each of heterogeneous observations. Secondly, two different statistical models are presented to illustrate the theory. The first method directly uses the errors-in-variables as a priori covariance matrices and the second method analyzes the biases of variance components and then proposes bias-corrected variance component estimators. Several numerical test results show the capability and effectiveness of the variance components estimation procedure in combined adjustment for calibrating geoid error model.

No MeSH data available.