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UAV Deployment Exercise for Mapping Purposes: Evaluation of Emergency Response Applications.

Boccardo P, Chiabrando F, Dutto F, Tonolo FG, Lingua A - Sensors (Basel) (2015)

Bottom Line: Exploiting the decrease of costs related to UAV technology, the humanitarian community started piloting the use of similar systems in humanitarian crises several years ago in different application fields, i.e., disaster mapping and information gathering, community capacity building, logistics and even transportation of goods.The main phases of the adopted operational procedure will be discussed and assessed especially in terms of time required to carry out each step, highlighting potential bottlenecks and in view of the national regulation framework, which is rapidly evolving.Different methodologies for the processing of the acquired data will be described and discussed, evaluating the fitness for emergency response applications.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Politecnico di Torino-Interuniversity Department of Regional and Urban Studies and Planning (DIST), Viale Mattioli 39, 10125 Torino, Italy. piero.boccardo@polito.it.

ABSTRACT
Exploiting the decrease of costs related to UAV technology, the humanitarian community started piloting the use of similar systems in humanitarian crises several years ago in different application fields, i.e., disaster mapping and information gathering, community capacity building, logistics and even transportation of goods. Part of the author's group, composed of researchers in the field of applied geomatics, has been piloting the use of UAVs since 2006, with a specific focus on disaster management application. In the framework of such activities, a UAV deployment exercise was jointly organized with the Regional Civil Protection authority, mainly aimed at assessing the operational procedures to deploy UAVs for mapping purposes and the usability of the acquired data in an emergency response context. In the paper the technical features of the UAV platforms will be described, comparing the main advantages/disadvantages of fixed-wing versus rotor platforms. The main phases of the adopted operational procedure will be discussed and assessed especially in terms of time required to carry out each step, highlighting potential bottlenecks and in view of the national regulation framework, which is rapidly evolving. Different methodologies for the processing of the acquired data will be described and discussed, evaluating the fitness for emergency response applications.

No MeSH data available.


Orthophoto based on the images acquired with the multi-rotor UAV: 70-m flight height (left) and 150-m flight height (right).
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sensors-15-15717-f009: Orthophoto based on the images acquired with the multi-rotor UAV: 70-m flight height (left) and 150-m flight height (right).

Mentions: To speed up all of the operations (the goal being processing in the field to limit the processing time as much as possible), the accuracy of each step was set at the lower level possible. The image processing steps were carried out on a laptop with the following technical features: Pentium i7 2.40 GHz, 16 GB RAM with an Nvidia GeForce GTX 670 2 GB. The data acquired during the two multi-rotor flights (70-m and 150-m flight height) were processed using the GCPs’ coordinates with lower accuracy (the ones being quickly available in the field). Figure 9 shows the output orthophoto.


UAV Deployment Exercise for Mapping Purposes: Evaluation of Emergency Response Applications.

Boccardo P, Chiabrando F, Dutto F, Tonolo FG, Lingua A - Sensors (Basel) (2015)

Orthophoto based on the images acquired with the multi-rotor UAV: 70-m flight height (left) and 150-m flight height (right).
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4541851&req=5

sensors-15-15717-f009: Orthophoto based on the images acquired with the multi-rotor UAV: 70-m flight height (left) and 150-m flight height (right).
Mentions: To speed up all of the operations (the goal being processing in the field to limit the processing time as much as possible), the accuracy of each step was set at the lower level possible. The image processing steps were carried out on a laptop with the following technical features: Pentium i7 2.40 GHz, 16 GB RAM with an Nvidia GeForce GTX 670 2 GB. The data acquired during the two multi-rotor flights (70-m and 150-m flight height) were processed using the GCPs’ coordinates with lower accuracy (the ones being quickly available in the field). Figure 9 shows the output orthophoto.

Bottom Line: Exploiting the decrease of costs related to UAV technology, the humanitarian community started piloting the use of similar systems in humanitarian crises several years ago in different application fields, i.e., disaster mapping and information gathering, community capacity building, logistics and even transportation of goods.The main phases of the adopted operational procedure will be discussed and assessed especially in terms of time required to carry out each step, highlighting potential bottlenecks and in view of the national regulation framework, which is rapidly evolving.Different methodologies for the processing of the acquired data will be described and discussed, evaluating the fitness for emergency response applications.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Politecnico di Torino-Interuniversity Department of Regional and Urban Studies and Planning (DIST), Viale Mattioli 39, 10125 Torino, Italy. piero.boccardo@polito.it.

ABSTRACT
Exploiting the decrease of costs related to UAV technology, the humanitarian community started piloting the use of similar systems in humanitarian crises several years ago in different application fields, i.e., disaster mapping and information gathering, community capacity building, logistics and even transportation of goods. Part of the author's group, composed of researchers in the field of applied geomatics, has been piloting the use of UAVs since 2006, with a specific focus on disaster management application. In the framework of such activities, a UAV deployment exercise was jointly organized with the Regional Civil Protection authority, mainly aimed at assessing the operational procedures to deploy UAVs for mapping purposes and the usability of the acquired data in an emergency response context. In the paper the technical features of the UAV platforms will be described, comparing the main advantages/disadvantages of fixed-wing versus rotor platforms. The main phases of the adopted operational procedure will be discussed and assessed especially in terms of time required to carry out each step, highlighting potential bottlenecks and in view of the national regulation framework, which is rapidly evolving. Different methodologies for the processing of the acquired data will be described and discussed, evaluating the fitness for emergency response applications.

No MeSH data available.