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UAV Deployment Exercise for Mapping Purposes: Evaluation of Emergency Response Applications.

Boccardo P, Chiabrando F, Dutto F, Tonolo FG, Lingua A - Sensors (Basel) (2015)

Bottom Line: Exploiting the decrease of costs related to UAV technology, the humanitarian community started piloting the use of similar systems in humanitarian crises several years ago in different application fields, i.e., disaster mapping and information gathering, community capacity building, logistics and even transportation of goods.The main phases of the adopted operational procedure will be discussed and assessed especially in terms of time required to carry out each step, highlighting potential bottlenecks and in view of the national regulation framework, which is rapidly evolving.Different methodologies for the processing of the acquired data will be described and discussed, evaluating the fitness for emergency response applications.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Politecnico di Torino-Interuniversity Department of Regional and Urban Studies and Planning (DIST), Viale Mattioli 39, 10125 Torino, Italy. piero.boccardo@polito.it.

ABSTRACT
Exploiting the decrease of costs related to UAV technology, the humanitarian community started piloting the use of similar systems in humanitarian crises several years ago in different application fields, i.e., disaster mapping and information gathering, community capacity building, logistics and even transportation of goods. Part of the author's group, composed of researchers in the field of applied geomatics, has been piloting the use of UAVs since 2006, with a specific focus on disaster management application. In the framework of such activities, a UAV deployment exercise was jointly organized with the Regional Civil Protection authority, mainly aimed at assessing the operational procedures to deploy UAVs for mapping purposes and the usability of the acquired data in an emergency response context. In the paper the technical features of the UAV platforms will be described, comparing the main advantages/disadvantages of fixed-wing versus rotor platforms. The main phases of the adopted operational procedure will be discussed and assessed especially in terms of time required to carry out each step, highlighting potential bottlenecks and in view of the national regulation framework, which is rapidly evolving. Different methodologies for the processing of the acquired data will be described and discussed, evaluating the fitness for emergency response applications.

No MeSH data available.


GPS coordinates measured by Samsung S4 with the GPS-GPX logger app (a), with the Nokia Lumia app (b); Details of the measured markers (c,d).
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sensors-15-15717-f008: GPS coordinates measured by Samsung S4 with the GPS-GPX logger app (a), with the Nokia Lumia app (b); Details of the measured markers (c,d).

Mentions: In certain conditions, it is not possible to easily identify natural features (to be used as GCP) on the images; therefore, it is necessary to pre-position ad hoc markers before the UAV flight. Those markers should homogeneously cover the whole area of interest and should be easily pin-pointed on the images. During the deployment exercise, 16 square wood panels (40 cm × 40 cm) with a black circle on a white background were use as markers (Figure 8c,d).


UAV Deployment Exercise for Mapping Purposes: Evaluation of Emergency Response Applications.

Boccardo P, Chiabrando F, Dutto F, Tonolo FG, Lingua A - Sensors (Basel) (2015)

GPS coordinates measured by Samsung S4 with the GPS-GPX logger app (a), with the Nokia Lumia app (b); Details of the measured markers (c,d).
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4541851&req=5

sensors-15-15717-f008: GPS coordinates measured by Samsung S4 with the GPS-GPX logger app (a), with the Nokia Lumia app (b); Details of the measured markers (c,d).
Mentions: In certain conditions, it is not possible to easily identify natural features (to be used as GCP) on the images; therefore, it is necessary to pre-position ad hoc markers before the UAV flight. Those markers should homogeneously cover the whole area of interest and should be easily pin-pointed on the images. During the deployment exercise, 16 square wood panels (40 cm × 40 cm) with a black circle on a white background were use as markers (Figure 8c,d).

Bottom Line: Exploiting the decrease of costs related to UAV technology, the humanitarian community started piloting the use of similar systems in humanitarian crises several years ago in different application fields, i.e., disaster mapping and information gathering, community capacity building, logistics and even transportation of goods.The main phases of the adopted operational procedure will be discussed and assessed especially in terms of time required to carry out each step, highlighting potential bottlenecks and in view of the national regulation framework, which is rapidly evolving.Different methodologies for the processing of the acquired data will be described and discussed, evaluating the fitness for emergency response applications.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Politecnico di Torino-Interuniversity Department of Regional and Urban Studies and Planning (DIST), Viale Mattioli 39, 10125 Torino, Italy. piero.boccardo@polito.it.

ABSTRACT
Exploiting the decrease of costs related to UAV technology, the humanitarian community started piloting the use of similar systems in humanitarian crises several years ago in different application fields, i.e., disaster mapping and information gathering, community capacity building, logistics and even transportation of goods. Part of the author's group, composed of researchers in the field of applied geomatics, has been piloting the use of UAVs since 2006, with a specific focus on disaster management application. In the framework of such activities, a UAV deployment exercise was jointly organized with the Regional Civil Protection authority, mainly aimed at assessing the operational procedures to deploy UAVs for mapping purposes and the usability of the acquired data in an emergency response context. In the paper the technical features of the UAV platforms will be described, comparing the main advantages/disadvantages of fixed-wing versus rotor platforms. The main phases of the adopted operational procedure will be discussed and assessed especially in terms of time required to carry out each step, highlighting potential bottlenecks and in view of the national regulation framework, which is rapidly evolving. Different methodologies for the processing of the acquired data will be described and discussed, evaluating the fitness for emergency response applications.

No MeSH data available.