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Using Wireless Sensor Networks and Trains as Data Mules to Monitor Slab Track Infrastructures.

Cañete E, Chen J, Díaz M, Llopis L, Reyna A, Rubio B - Sensors (Basel) (2015)

Bottom Line: Recently, slab track systems have arisen as a safer and more sustainable option for high speed railway infrastructures, compared to traditional ballasted tracks.The design of such systems has to deal with a scenario of large areas with inaccessible zones, where neither Internet coverage nor electricity supply is guaranteed.In addition, to ensure communication between the sensing devices and the train, the communication system must take into account parameters such as train speed, antenna coverage, band and frequency.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Languages and Computer Science, University of Málaga, Boulevar Louis Pasteur 35, Málaga 29071, Spain. ecc@lcc.uma.es.

ABSTRACT
Recently, slab track systems have arisen as a safer and more sustainable option for high speed railway infrastructures, compared to traditional ballasted tracks. Integrating Wireless Sensor Networks within these infrastructures can provide structural health related data that can be used to evaluate their degradation and to not only detect failures but also to predict them. The design of such systems has to deal with a scenario of large areas with inaccessible zones, where neither Internet coverage nor electricity supply is guaranteed. In this paper we propose a monitoring system for slab track systems that measures vibrations and displacements in the track. Collected data is transmitted to passing trains, which are used as data mules to upload the information to a remote control center. On arrival at the station, the data is stored in a database, which is queried by an application in order to detect and predict failures. In this paper, different communication architectures are designed and tested to select the most suitable system meeting such requirements as efficiency, low cost and data accuracy. In addition, to ensure communication between the sensing devices and the train, the communication system must take into account parameters such as train speed, antenna coverage, band and frequency.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Maintenance phase communication architecture.
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sensors-15-15101-f002: Maintenance phase communication architecture.

Mentions: Our sensor platform, as depicted in Figure 2, is designed to be part of the slab track, inserted before its installation, so that it can be used in both installation and maintenance phases. The slab track therefore becomes an active element capable of monitoring and reporting information about the environment such as vibration performance, distance and inclination and is also able to assist operators in the installation phase. The number of monitored slab tracks is based on factors such as the cost of the monitoring system or the criticality of the railway section.


Using Wireless Sensor Networks and Trains as Data Mules to Monitor Slab Track Infrastructures.

Cañete E, Chen J, Díaz M, Llopis L, Reyna A, Rubio B - Sensors (Basel) (2015)

Maintenance phase communication architecture.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4541823&req=5

sensors-15-15101-f002: Maintenance phase communication architecture.
Mentions: Our sensor platform, as depicted in Figure 2, is designed to be part of the slab track, inserted before its installation, so that it can be used in both installation and maintenance phases. The slab track therefore becomes an active element capable of monitoring and reporting information about the environment such as vibration performance, distance and inclination and is also able to assist operators in the installation phase. The number of monitored slab tracks is based on factors such as the cost of the monitoring system or the criticality of the railway section.

Bottom Line: Recently, slab track systems have arisen as a safer and more sustainable option for high speed railway infrastructures, compared to traditional ballasted tracks.The design of such systems has to deal with a scenario of large areas with inaccessible zones, where neither Internet coverage nor electricity supply is guaranteed.In addition, to ensure communication between the sensing devices and the train, the communication system must take into account parameters such as train speed, antenna coverage, band and frequency.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Languages and Computer Science, University of Málaga, Boulevar Louis Pasteur 35, Málaga 29071, Spain. ecc@lcc.uma.es.

ABSTRACT
Recently, slab track systems have arisen as a safer and more sustainable option for high speed railway infrastructures, compared to traditional ballasted tracks. Integrating Wireless Sensor Networks within these infrastructures can provide structural health related data that can be used to evaluate their degradation and to not only detect failures but also to predict them. The design of such systems has to deal with a scenario of large areas with inaccessible zones, where neither Internet coverage nor electricity supply is guaranteed. In this paper we propose a monitoring system for slab track systems that measures vibrations and displacements in the track. Collected data is transmitted to passing trains, which are used as data mules to upload the information to a remote control center. On arrival at the station, the data is stored in a database, which is queried by an application in order to detect and predict failures. In this paper, different communication architectures are designed and tested to select the most suitable system meeting such requirements as efficiency, low cost and data accuracy. In addition, to ensure communication between the sensing devices and the train, the communication system must take into account parameters such as train speed, antenna coverage, band and frequency.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus