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Gastroenterologists' Views of Shared Decision Making for Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease.

Siegel CA, Lofland JH, Naim A, Gollins J, Walls DM, Rudder LE, Reynolds C - Dig. Dis. Sci. (2015)

Bottom Line: Twenty-two percent of gastroenterologists do not currently use SDM tools.Gastroenterologists lack the systematic approaches and tools for implementing SDM within their IBD practices.These data offer a foundation for future research in developing and testing SDM programs for gastroenterologists and their IBD patients.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Inflammatory Bowel Disease Center, Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, NH, USA, corey.a.siegel@hitchcock.org.

ABSTRACT

Background: There is limited information on gastroenterologists' perspectives of shared decision making (SDM) in discussions of therapeutic agents with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients.

Aims: To examine gastroenterologists' perspectives about SDM with IBD patients, using a novel statistical hybrid approach to analyze qualitative data.

Methods: Physician interviews and online surveys were conducted from a panel of gastroenterologists in April 2012. Gastroenterologists were asked about their barriers to SDM, SDM practices, relationship to their patients, knowledge of SDM, and insights into SDM implementation. Key audio excerpts adapted from the interviews were used for moment-to-moment affect trace analysis in an online survey. Cluster analysis was used to segment gastroenterologists into mutually exclusive provider groups.

Results: One hundred and six gastroenterologists completed the survey (88 % male; 55 % ≤ 50 years of age). Over three-fourths of gastroenterologists were familiar with SDM (77 %). The vast majority of gastroenterologists (80 %) tried to use a form of SDM with their patients; only 12 % stated that they have a systematic, consistent, and formally documented approach to SDM. Three unique physician clusters were identified: SDM Believers (20 %, n = 20); SDM Skeptics (47 %, n = 47); and SDM Enthusiasts (34 %, n = 34). The three key barriers to practicing SDM were lack of the following: time (74 %), reimbursement (70 %), and tools (51 %). Twenty-two percent of gastroenterologists do not currently use SDM tools.

Conclusions: Gastroenterologists lack the systematic approaches and tools for implementing SDM within their IBD practices. These data offer a foundation for future research in developing and testing SDM programs for gastroenterologists and their IBD patients.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Moment-to-moment trace patterns by length of physician practice
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Fig5: Moment-to-moment trace patterns by length of physician practice

Mentions: Over half of shared decision-making Believers (55 %) and one-third of Enthusiasts (33 %) were more likely than Skeptics to indicate that they make sure to use shared decision making with their patients while Skeptics were more likely to indicate that they try to use shared decision making but “don’t push it” (77 %, p = 0.045). Over half of shared decision-making Enthusiasts (58 %, p = 0.052) indicated that their practice of shared decision making is systematic and well documented versus 50 % of Believers and 28 % of Skeptics. In contrast to the physician moment-to-moment ratings broken out by cluster, the segment ratings including length of practice (Fig. 5), number of IBD patients per month, and familiarity with shared decision making yielded little insight. These variables were not valuable as a means to discriminate physician views on shared decision making.Fig. 5


Gastroenterologists' Views of Shared Decision Making for Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease.

Siegel CA, Lofland JH, Naim A, Gollins J, Walls DM, Rudder LE, Reynolds C - Dig. Dis. Sci. (2015)

Moment-to-moment trace patterns by length of physician practice
© Copyright Policy - OpenAccess
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4541702&req=5

Fig5: Moment-to-moment trace patterns by length of physician practice
Mentions: Over half of shared decision-making Believers (55 %) and one-third of Enthusiasts (33 %) were more likely than Skeptics to indicate that they make sure to use shared decision making with their patients while Skeptics were more likely to indicate that they try to use shared decision making but “don’t push it” (77 %, p = 0.045). Over half of shared decision-making Enthusiasts (58 %, p = 0.052) indicated that their practice of shared decision making is systematic and well documented versus 50 % of Believers and 28 % of Skeptics. In contrast to the physician moment-to-moment ratings broken out by cluster, the segment ratings including length of practice (Fig. 5), number of IBD patients per month, and familiarity with shared decision making yielded little insight. These variables were not valuable as a means to discriminate physician views on shared decision making.Fig. 5

Bottom Line: Twenty-two percent of gastroenterologists do not currently use SDM tools.Gastroenterologists lack the systematic approaches and tools for implementing SDM within their IBD practices.These data offer a foundation for future research in developing and testing SDM programs for gastroenterologists and their IBD patients.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Inflammatory Bowel Disease Center, Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, NH, USA, corey.a.siegel@hitchcock.org.

ABSTRACT

Background: There is limited information on gastroenterologists' perspectives of shared decision making (SDM) in discussions of therapeutic agents with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients.

Aims: To examine gastroenterologists' perspectives about SDM with IBD patients, using a novel statistical hybrid approach to analyze qualitative data.

Methods: Physician interviews and online surveys were conducted from a panel of gastroenterologists in April 2012. Gastroenterologists were asked about their barriers to SDM, SDM practices, relationship to their patients, knowledge of SDM, and insights into SDM implementation. Key audio excerpts adapted from the interviews were used for moment-to-moment affect trace analysis in an online survey. Cluster analysis was used to segment gastroenterologists into mutually exclusive provider groups.

Results: One hundred and six gastroenterologists completed the survey (88 % male; 55 % ≤ 50 years of age). Over three-fourths of gastroenterologists were familiar with SDM (77 %). The vast majority of gastroenterologists (80 %) tried to use a form of SDM with their patients; only 12 % stated that they have a systematic, consistent, and formally documented approach to SDM. Three unique physician clusters were identified: SDM Believers (20 %, n = 20); SDM Skeptics (47 %, n = 47); and SDM Enthusiasts (34 %, n = 34). The three key barriers to practicing SDM were lack of the following: time (74 %), reimbursement (70 %), and tools (51 %). Twenty-two percent of gastroenterologists do not currently use SDM tools.

Conclusions: Gastroenterologists lack the systematic approaches and tools for implementing SDM within their IBD practices. These data offer a foundation for future research in developing and testing SDM programs for gastroenterologists and their IBD patients.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus