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Gastroenterologists' Views of Shared Decision Making for Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease.

Siegel CA, Lofland JH, Naim A, Gollins J, Walls DM, Rudder LE, Reynolds C - Dig. Dis. Sci. (2015)

Bottom Line: Twenty-two percent of gastroenterologists do not currently use SDM tools.Gastroenterologists lack the systematic approaches and tools for implementing SDM within their IBD practices.These data offer a foundation for future research in developing and testing SDM programs for gastroenterologists and their IBD patients.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Inflammatory Bowel Disease Center, Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, NH, USA, corey.a.siegel@hitchcock.org.

ABSTRACT

Background: There is limited information on gastroenterologists' perspectives of shared decision making (SDM) in discussions of therapeutic agents with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients.

Aims: To examine gastroenterologists' perspectives about SDM with IBD patients, using a novel statistical hybrid approach to analyze qualitative data.

Methods: Physician interviews and online surveys were conducted from a panel of gastroenterologists in April 2012. Gastroenterologists were asked about their barriers to SDM, SDM practices, relationship to their patients, knowledge of SDM, and insights into SDM implementation. Key audio excerpts adapted from the interviews were used for moment-to-moment affect trace analysis in an online survey. Cluster analysis was used to segment gastroenterologists into mutually exclusive provider groups.

Results: One hundred and six gastroenterologists completed the survey (88 % male; 55 % ≤ 50 years of age). Over three-fourths of gastroenterologists were familiar with SDM (77 %). The vast majority of gastroenterologists (80 %) tried to use a form of SDM with their patients; only 12 % stated that they have a systematic, consistent, and formally documented approach to SDM. Three unique physician clusters were identified: SDM Believers (20 %, n = 20); SDM Skeptics (47 %, n = 47); and SDM Enthusiasts (34 %, n = 34). The three key barriers to practicing SDM were lack of the following: time (74 %), reimbursement (70 %), and tools (51 %). Twenty-two percent of gastroenterologists do not currently use SDM tools.

Conclusions: Gastroenterologists lack the systematic approaches and tools for implementing SDM within their IBD practices. These data offer a foundation for future research in developing and testing SDM programs for gastroenterologists and their IBD patients.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Gastroenterologists believe shared decision making is appropriate in many situations
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Fig2: Gastroenterologists believe shared decision making is appropriate in many situations

Mentions: Gastroenterologists’ attitudes generally aligned in favor of shared decision making. Over three-fourths of gastroenterologists were familiar with shared decision making (between somewhat and extremely familiar—77 %). Physicians had a largely positive view of shared decision making and its benefits (Fig. 1). Over three-fourths of gastroenterologists agreed that shared decision making leads to increased patient satisfaction (strongly agree—55 %; somewhat agree—37 %). Over three-fourths of respondents had some agreement that using shared decision making leads to better clinical outcomes (strongly agree—34 %; somewhat agree—46 %). Gastroenterologists responded that shared decision making is appropriate in many situations, including “selecting a course of treatment that may have significant risks and benefits” (87 %) and “deciding on elective surgical procedures” (78 %) (Fig. 2). The vast majority of gastroenterologists (80 %) responded that they tried to use a form of shared decision making with their patients; however, only 12 % stated that they have a systematic, consistent, and formally documented approach to shared decision making.Fig. 1


Gastroenterologists' Views of Shared Decision Making for Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease.

Siegel CA, Lofland JH, Naim A, Gollins J, Walls DM, Rudder LE, Reynolds C - Dig. Dis. Sci. (2015)

Gastroenterologists believe shared decision making is appropriate in many situations
© Copyright Policy - OpenAccess
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4541702&req=5

Fig2: Gastroenterologists believe shared decision making is appropriate in many situations
Mentions: Gastroenterologists’ attitudes generally aligned in favor of shared decision making. Over three-fourths of gastroenterologists were familiar with shared decision making (between somewhat and extremely familiar—77 %). Physicians had a largely positive view of shared decision making and its benefits (Fig. 1). Over three-fourths of gastroenterologists agreed that shared decision making leads to increased patient satisfaction (strongly agree—55 %; somewhat agree—37 %). Over three-fourths of respondents had some agreement that using shared decision making leads to better clinical outcomes (strongly agree—34 %; somewhat agree—46 %). Gastroenterologists responded that shared decision making is appropriate in many situations, including “selecting a course of treatment that may have significant risks and benefits” (87 %) and “deciding on elective surgical procedures” (78 %) (Fig. 2). The vast majority of gastroenterologists (80 %) responded that they tried to use a form of shared decision making with their patients; however, only 12 % stated that they have a systematic, consistent, and formally documented approach to shared decision making.Fig. 1

Bottom Line: Twenty-two percent of gastroenterologists do not currently use SDM tools.Gastroenterologists lack the systematic approaches and tools for implementing SDM within their IBD practices.These data offer a foundation for future research in developing and testing SDM programs for gastroenterologists and their IBD patients.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Inflammatory Bowel Disease Center, Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, NH, USA, corey.a.siegel@hitchcock.org.

ABSTRACT

Background: There is limited information on gastroenterologists' perspectives of shared decision making (SDM) in discussions of therapeutic agents with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients.

Aims: To examine gastroenterologists' perspectives about SDM with IBD patients, using a novel statistical hybrid approach to analyze qualitative data.

Methods: Physician interviews and online surveys were conducted from a panel of gastroenterologists in April 2012. Gastroenterologists were asked about their barriers to SDM, SDM practices, relationship to their patients, knowledge of SDM, and insights into SDM implementation. Key audio excerpts adapted from the interviews were used for moment-to-moment affect trace analysis in an online survey. Cluster analysis was used to segment gastroenterologists into mutually exclusive provider groups.

Results: One hundred and six gastroenterologists completed the survey (88 % male; 55 % ≤ 50 years of age). Over three-fourths of gastroenterologists were familiar with SDM (77 %). The vast majority of gastroenterologists (80 %) tried to use a form of SDM with their patients; only 12 % stated that they have a systematic, consistent, and formally documented approach to SDM. Three unique physician clusters were identified: SDM Believers (20 %, n = 20); SDM Skeptics (47 %, n = 47); and SDM Enthusiasts (34 %, n = 34). The three key barriers to practicing SDM were lack of the following: time (74 %), reimbursement (70 %), and tools (51 %). Twenty-two percent of gastroenterologists do not currently use SDM tools.

Conclusions: Gastroenterologists lack the systematic approaches and tools for implementing SDM within their IBD practices. These data offer a foundation for future research in developing and testing SDM programs for gastroenterologists and their IBD patients.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus