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Development of Thyroid-Associated Ophthalmopathy in Patients Who Underwent Total Thyroidectomy.

Jang SY, Lee KH, Oh JR, Kim BY, Yoon JS - Yonsei Med. J. (2015)

Bottom Line: Six patients were diagnosed with papillary thyroid cancer, and one was diagnosed with a benign mass.Except for the patient who was diagnosed with a benign mass, all patients showed hyperthyroid status and were under Synthroid hormone treatment at the time of TAO development.Five of these six patients had positive levels of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) receptor autoantibodies.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Ophthalmology, Soonchunhyang Bucheon Hospital, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Bucheon, Korea.

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To report clinical characteristics of thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy (TAO) in patients who previously underwent total thyroidectomy for thyroid cancer or a benign mass of the thyroid.

Materials and methods: Of the patients who were diagnosed with TAO from March 2008 to March 2012, we performed a retrospective chart review on those who had undergone total thyroidectomy for thyroid cancer or a benign mass of the thyroid before the occurrence of ophthalmopathy.

Results: Of the 206 patients diagnosed with TAO, seven (3.4%) met the inclusion criteria. The mean age of the subjects was 47.4 years, and all were female. Six patients were diagnosed with papillary thyroid cancer, and one was diagnosed with a benign mass. The duration between total thyroidectomy and onset of TAO ranged from 3-120 months (median 48 months). Ophthalmic manifestations varied among cases. Except for the patient who was diagnosed with a benign mass, all patients showed hyperthyroid status and were under Synthroid hormone treatment at the time of TAO development. Five of these six patients had positive levels of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) receptor autoantibodies.

Conclusion: TAO rarely develops after total thyroidectomy, and the mechanism of TAO occurrence is unclear. However, most patients showed abnormalities in thyroid function and TSH receptor autoantibodies.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

(A) Case 1 shows left upper eyelid retraction. (B) Case 2 shows right upper eyelid retraction. (C) Case 3 shows right upper eyelid retraction. (D) Case 4 shows both upper eyelid retraction and eyelid swelling. (E) Case 5 shows right eye proptosis. (F) Case 6 shows eyelid swelling and erythema, both conjunctival injection and severe proptosis. (G) Case 7 shows right hypotropia.
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Figure 1: (A) Case 1 shows left upper eyelid retraction. (B) Case 2 shows right upper eyelid retraction. (C) Case 3 shows right upper eyelid retraction. (D) Case 4 shows both upper eyelid retraction and eyelid swelling. (E) Case 5 shows right eye proptosis. (F) Case 6 shows eyelid swelling and erythema, both conjunctival injection and severe proptosis. (G) Case 7 shows right hypotropia.

Mentions: The duration between total thyroidectomy and onset of TAO ranged from 3-120 months (median 48 months). The ophthalmic manifestations varied among cases, with active TAO [clinical activity score (CAS)≥3] diagnosed in four patients (cases 1, 2, 6, 7), proptosis recorded in five patients (cases 1, 2, 4, 5, 6), and extraocular muscle limitation identified in two patients (cases 6, 7). One patient (case 3) presented with unilateral upper eyelid retraction only (Table 1, Fig. 1).


Development of Thyroid-Associated Ophthalmopathy in Patients Who Underwent Total Thyroidectomy.

Jang SY, Lee KH, Oh JR, Kim BY, Yoon JS - Yonsei Med. J. (2015)

(A) Case 1 shows left upper eyelid retraction. (B) Case 2 shows right upper eyelid retraction. (C) Case 3 shows right upper eyelid retraction. (D) Case 4 shows both upper eyelid retraction and eyelid swelling. (E) Case 5 shows right eye proptosis. (F) Case 6 shows eyelid swelling and erythema, both conjunctival injection and severe proptosis. (G) Case 7 shows right hypotropia.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4541672&req=5

Figure 1: (A) Case 1 shows left upper eyelid retraction. (B) Case 2 shows right upper eyelid retraction. (C) Case 3 shows right upper eyelid retraction. (D) Case 4 shows both upper eyelid retraction and eyelid swelling. (E) Case 5 shows right eye proptosis. (F) Case 6 shows eyelid swelling and erythema, both conjunctival injection and severe proptosis. (G) Case 7 shows right hypotropia.
Mentions: The duration between total thyroidectomy and onset of TAO ranged from 3-120 months (median 48 months). The ophthalmic manifestations varied among cases, with active TAO [clinical activity score (CAS)≥3] diagnosed in four patients (cases 1, 2, 6, 7), proptosis recorded in five patients (cases 1, 2, 4, 5, 6), and extraocular muscle limitation identified in two patients (cases 6, 7). One patient (case 3) presented with unilateral upper eyelid retraction only (Table 1, Fig. 1).

Bottom Line: Six patients were diagnosed with papillary thyroid cancer, and one was diagnosed with a benign mass.Except for the patient who was diagnosed with a benign mass, all patients showed hyperthyroid status and were under Synthroid hormone treatment at the time of TAO development.Five of these six patients had positive levels of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) receptor autoantibodies.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Ophthalmology, Soonchunhyang Bucheon Hospital, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Bucheon, Korea.

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To report clinical characteristics of thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy (TAO) in patients who previously underwent total thyroidectomy for thyroid cancer or a benign mass of the thyroid.

Materials and methods: Of the patients who were diagnosed with TAO from March 2008 to March 2012, we performed a retrospective chart review on those who had undergone total thyroidectomy for thyroid cancer or a benign mass of the thyroid before the occurrence of ophthalmopathy.

Results: Of the 206 patients diagnosed with TAO, seven (3.4%) met the inclusion criteria. The mean age of the subjects was 47.4 years, and all were female. Six patients were diagnosed with papillary thyroid cancer, and one was diagnosed with a benign mass. The duration between total thyroidectomy and onset of TAO ranged from 3-120 months (median 48 months). Ophthalmic manifestations varied among cases. Except for the patient who was diagnosed with a benign mass, all patients showed hyperthyroid status and were under Synthroid hormone treatment at the time of TAO development. Five of these six patients had positive levels of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) receptor autoantibodies.

Conclusion: TAO rarely develops after total thyroidectomy, and the mechanism of TAO occurrence is unclear. However, most patients showed abnormalities in thyroid function and TSH receptor autoantibodies.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus