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The Immunomodulatory Effects of Nidus Vespae on Human Peripheral Blood Immune Cells In Vitro.

Zhu M, Ling Y, Qi Q, Zhang Y, Bao Y, Liu Y - Evid Based Complement Alternat Med (2015)

Bottom Line: Data showed that NVD has no significant inhibiting effects on gastric cancer cells growth.Nevertheless, it could obviously promote PBMC proliferation in a time- and concentration-dependent manner.After treatment with NVD, the CTL cytotoxicity against SGC-7901 was significantly greater than control.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Clinical Oncology Laboratory, Changzhou Tumor Hospital Affiliated to Soochow University, Huaide Road 44, Changzhou 213002, China.

ABSTRACT
Nidus Vespae has been used in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) to treat various cancers, but the underlying mechanisms were not yet clarified. This study was to investigate the effect of Nidus Vespae decoction (NVD) on tumor cell viability and immunoregulating functions of human peripheral blood immune cells. The effects on tumor cell viability, peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) proliferation activity, and the tumor cell phagocytosis of monocytes were evaluated by cell counting kit-8. Tumor-killing activity of cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) was analyzed by (51)Cr releasing assay. IgG production of B cells and cytokine (TNF-α and IL-6) secretion of monocytes were determined by ELISA method. Data showed that NVD has no significant inhibiting effects on gastric cancer cells growth. Nevertheless, it could obviously promote PBMC proliferation in a time- and concentration-dependent manner. After treatment with NVD, the CTL cytotoxicity against SGC-7901 was significantly greater than control. The TNF-α and IL-6 secretion of monocytes and the IgG production of B cells also increased remarkably. Furthermore, NVD could significantly promote the phagocytosis of monocytes on tumor cells. These results suggest that NVD appears to have an immunoenhancing effect on immune cells, indicating that Nidus Vespae is worth exploring for immunomodulatory effects in tumor treatment.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

TNF-α and IL-6 secretion (pg/mL) by monocytes incubated with Nidus Vespae (250, 2500, and 5000 μg/mL), control, or LPS (5 μg/mL) for 24 h. Comparisons were statistically significant as compared with control. Data were analyzed by one-way ANOVA and presented as mean and standard deviation (n = 10).  ∗Significantly different from control group (P < 0.0001).
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fig5: TNF-α and IL-6 secretion (pg/mL) by monocytes incubated with Nidus Vespae (250, 2500, and 5000 μg/mL), control, or LPS (5 μg/mL) for 24 h. Comparisons were statistically significant as compared with control. Data were analyzed by one-way ANOVA and presented as mean and standard deviation (n = 10).  ∗Significantly different from control group (P < 0.0001).

Mentions: The TNF-α and IL-6 levels in each supernatant were quantitated by ELISA and analyzed by one-way ANOVA. The results were shown in Figure 5. The TNF-α and IL-6 secretions of monocytes were increased markedly when the NVD concentration was 5000 and 2500 μg/mL, as compared with the control groups (P < 0.0001). When the reaction concentration was 250 μg/mL, there were no significant secretions of TNF-α and IL-6.


The Immunomodulatory Effects of Nidus Vespae on Human Peripheral Blood Immune Cells In Vitro.

Zhu M, Ling Y, Qi Q, Zhang Y, Bao Y, Liu Y - Evid Based Complement Alternat Med (2015)

TNF-α and IL-6 secretion (pg/mL) by monocytes incubated with Nidus Vespae (250, 2500, and 5000 μg/mL), control, or LPS (5 μg/mL) for 24 h. Comparisons were statistically significant as compared with control. Data were analyzed by one-way ANOVA and presented as mean and standard deviation (n = 10).  ∗Significantly different from control group (P < 0.0001).
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

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getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4539065&req=5

fig5: TNF-α and IL-6 secretion (pg/mL) by monocytes incubated with Nidus Vespae (250, 2500, and 5000 μg/mL), control, or LPS (5 μg/mL) for 24 h. Comparisons were statistically significant as compared with control. Data were analyzed by one-way ANOVA and presented as mean and standard deviation (n = 10).  ∗Significantly different from control group (P < 0.0001).
Mentions: The TNF-α and IL-6 levels in each supernatant were quantitated by ELISA and analyzed by one-way ANOVA. The results were shown in Figure 5. The TNF-α and IL-6 secretions of monocytes were increased markedly when the NVD concentration was 5000 and 2500 μg/mL, as compared with the control groups (P < 0.0001). When the reaction concentration was 250 μg/mL, there were no significant secretions of TNF-α and IL-6.

Bottom Line: Data showed that NVD has no significant inhibiting effects on gastric cancer cells growth.Nevertheless, it could obviously promote PBMC proliferation in a time- and concentration-dependent manner.After treatment with NVD, the CTL cytotoxicity against SGC-7901 was significantly greater than control.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Clinical Oncology Laboratory, Changzhou Tumor Hospital Affiliated to Soochow University, Huaide Road 44, Changzhou 213002, China.

ABSTRACT
Nidus Vespae has been used in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) to treat various cancers, but the underlying mechanisms were not yet clarified. This study was to investigate the effect of Nidus Vespae decoction (NVD) on tumor cell viability and immunoregulating functions of human peripheral blood immune cells. The effects on tumor cell viability, peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) proliferation activity, and the tumor cell phagocytosis of monocytes were evaluated by cell counting kit-8. Tumor-killing activity of cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) was analyzed by (51)Cr releasing assay. IgG production of B cells and cytokine (TNF-α and IL-6) secretion of monocytes were determined by ELISA method. Data showed that NVD has no significant inhibiting effects on gastric cancer cells growth. Nevertheless, it could obviously promote PBMC proliferation in a time- and concentration-dependent manner. After treatment with NVD, the CTL cytotoxicity against SGC-7901 was significantly greater than control. The TNF-α and IL-6 secretion of monocytes and the IgG production of B cells also increased remarkably. Furthermore, NVD could significantly promote the phagocytosis of monocytes on tumor cells. These results suggest that NVD appears to have an immunoenhancing effect on immune cells, indicating that Nidus Vespae is worth exploring for immunomodulatory effects in tumor treatment.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus