Correlates of intentional tanning among adolescents in the United States: a systematic review of the literature.
Bottom Line: Social factors correlated with intentional tanning include parental influence (having a parent who tans or permits tanning) and peer influence (having friends who tan).Only four studies examined broad contextual factors such as indoor tanning laws and geographic characteristics; they found that proximity to tanning facilities and geographic characteristics (living in the Midwest or South, living in a low ultraviolet area, and attending a rural high school) are associated with intentional tanning.These findings inform future public health research and intervention efforts to reduce intentional tanning.
Affiliation: Division of Cancer Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA. DHolman@cdc.govShow MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus
Mentions: For the purposes of this review, we defined intentional tanning as intentional exposure to UVR, either from an indoor tanning device or from the sun, for the purpose of getting a tan. We searched PubMed (Medline) and PsychInfo for articles published in English between January 1, 2001, and October 31, 2011, using the following search terms: tanning, intentional tan, indoor tan, UV-tan, UV tan, tanning bed, sunlamp, tanning salon, sun, sunbed, sunbath*, sun bath*, sun-bath*, tan-seek*, tan seek*, ultraviolet (UV), and UVR (the acronym for UV radiation). The titles and abstracts of the articles found through each search were reviewed to identify those that potentially fit within the scope of the review. The full texts of original research articles were reviewed to make a final determination of whether they met the inclusion criteria (described in the following section) to be included in the final review. The reference lists of relevant meta-analyses, editorials, commentaries, and review articles were also searched to identify any additional original research articles that fit within the scope of our review. Figure 1 shows the database search and article selection process.
Affiliation: Division of Cancer Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA. DHolman@cdc.gov