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Neuroimaging and Neuromonitoring Effects of Electro and Manual Acupuncture on the Central Nervous System: A Literature Review and Analysis.

Scheffold BE, Hsieh CL, Litscher G - Evid Based Complement Alternat Med (2015)

Bottom Line: The aim of this review is to provide an overview of the different effects of manual and electroacupuncture on the central nervous system in studies with different neuroimaging interventions.Only four studies reported no effects of verum in comparison to sham acupuncture.Evaluation of the very heterogeneous results shows evidence that verum acupuncture elicits more modulation effects on neurological components than sham acupuncture.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Graduate Institute of Acupuncture Science, International Master Program, China Medical University, Taichung 40402, Taiwan.

ABSTRACT
The aim of this review is to provide an overview of the different effects of manual and electroacupuncture on the central nervous system in studies with different neuroimaging interventions. The Database PubMed was searched from 1/1/2000 to 1/6/2014 with restriction to human studies in English language. Data collection for functional magnetic resonance (fMRI) studies was restricted to the period from 1/1/2010 to 1/6/2014 due to a recently published review which included all published randomized and nonrandomized controlled clinical studies as well as observational studies with control groups, no blinding required. Only studies comparing manual or electroacupuncture with sham acupuncture were eligible. All participants were healthy adult men and women. A majority of 25 studies compared manual versus sham, a minority of 7 trials compared electro versus sham and only 1 study compared electro versus manual acupuncture. In 29 out of 33 studies verum acupuncture results were found to present either more or different modulation effects on neurological components measured by neuroimaging and neuromonitoring methods than sham acupuncture. Only four studies reported no effects of verum in comparison to sham acupuncture. Evaluation of the very heterogeneous results shows evidence that verum acupuncture elicits more modulation effects on neurological components than sham acupuncture.

No MeSH data available.


Flowchart of screening electroencephalogram studies.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection


getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4538975&req=5

fig4: Flowchart of screening electroencephalogram studies.

Mentions: The study selection process is illustrated in Figures 2, 3, 4, and 5.


Neuroimaging and Neuromonitoring Effects of Electro and Manual Acupuncture on the Central Nervous System: A Literature Review and Analysis.

Scheffold BE, Hsieh CL, Litscher G - Evid Based Complement Alternat Med (2015)

Flowchart of screening electroencephalogram studies.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4538975&req=5

fig4: Flowchart of screening electroencephalogram studies.
Mentions: The study selection process is illustrated in Figures 2, 3, 4, and 5.

Bottom Line: The aim of this review is to provide an overview of the different effects of manual and electroacupuncture on the central nervous system in studies with different neuroimaging interventions.Only four studies reported no effects of verum in comparison to sham acupuncture.Evaluation of the very heterogeneous results shows evidence that verum acupuncture elicits more modulation effects on neurological components than sham acupuncture.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Graduate Institute of Acupuncture Science, International Master Program, China Medical University, Taichung 40402, Taiwan.

ABSTRACT
The aim of this review is to provide an overview of the different effects of manual and electroacupuncture on the central nervous system in studies with different neuroimaging interventions. The Database PubMed was searched from 1/1/2000 to 1/6/2014 with restriction to human studies in English language. Data collection for functional magnetic resonance (fMRI) studies was restricted to the period from 1/1/2010 to 1/6/2014 due to a recently published review which included all published randomized and nonrandomized controlled clinical studies as well as observational studies with control groups, no blinding required. Only studies comparing manual or electroacupuncture with sham acupuncture were eligible. All participants were healthy adult men and women. A majority of 25 studies compared manual versus sham, a minority of 7 trials compared electro versus sham and only 1 study compared electro versus manual acupuncture. In 29 out of 33 studies verum acupuncture results were found to present either more or different modulation effects on neurological components measured by neuroimaging and neuromonitoring methods than sham acupuncture. Only four studies reported no effects of verum in comparison to sham acupuncture. Evaluation of the very heterogeneous results shows evidence that verum acupuncture elicits more modulation effects on neurological components than sham acupuncture.

No MeSH data available.