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Computational Psychometrics in Communication and Implications in Decision Making.

Cipresso P, Villani D, Repetto C, Bosone L, Balgera A, Mauri M, Villamira M, Antonietti A, Riva G - Comput Math Methods Med (2015)

Bottom Line: Recent investigations emphasized the role of communication features on behavioral trust and reciprocity in economic decision making but no studies have been focused on the effect of communication on affective states in such a context.Moreover, personal communication influenced reciprocity and participants' perceptions about trust and reciprocity.Findings were interpreted in the light of the Arousal/Valence Model and self-disclosure process.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Applied Technology for Neuro-Psychology Lab, IRCCS Istituto Auxologico Italiano, Via Ariosto 13, 20145 Milan, Italy.

ABSTRACT
Recent investigations emphasized the role of communication features on behavioral trust and reciprocity in economic decision making but no studies have been focused on the effect of communication on affective states in such a context. Thanks to advanced methods of computational psychometrics, in this study, affective states were deeply examined using simultaneous and synchronized recordings of gazes and psychophysiological signals in 28 female students during an investment game. Results showed that participants experienced different affective states according to the type of communication (personal versus impersonal). In particular, participants involved in personal communication felt more relaxed than participants involved in impersonal communication. Moreover, personal communication influenced reciprocity and participants' perceptions about trust and reciprocity. Findings were interpreted in the light of the Arousal/Valence Model and self-disclosure process.

No MeSH data available.


The affective space, defined by the dimensions valence and arousal, based on Lang [10] and the physiological activation in central or peripheral nervous system.
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fig1: The affective space, defined by the dimensions valence and arousal, based on Lang [10] and the physiological activation in central or peripheral nervous system.

Mentions: Furthermore, we used pupillometry to investigate emotional responses. Because pupil dilation indicates a higher cognitive load or emotional processing [25, 27], studies have suggested that combining pupillometry and the use of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to produce a pupil dilation index can provide summative information on cognitive and affective processes [44]. Figure 1 provides the relationships between psychological affective states and physiological “activation” increasing (↑) and decreasing (↓).


Computational Psychometrics in Communication and Implications in Decision Making.

Cipresso P, Villani D, Repetto C, Bosone L, Balgera A, Mauri M, Villamira M, Antonietti A, Riva G - Comput Math Methods Med (2015)

The affective space, defined by the dimensions valence and arousal, based on Lang [10] and the physiological activation in central or peripheral nervous system.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4538966&req=5

fig1: The affective space, defined by the dimensions valence and arousal, based on Lang [10] and the physiological activation in central or peripheral nervous system.
Mentions: Furthermore, we used pupillometry to investigate emotional responses. Because pupil dilation indicates a higher cognitive load or emotional processing [25, 27], studies have suggested that combining pupillometry and the use of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to produce a pupil dilation index can provide summative information on cognitive and affective processes [44]. Figure 1 provides the relationships between psychological affective states and physiological “activation” increasing (↑) and decreasing (↓).

Bottom Line: Recent investigations emphasized the role of communication features on behavioral trust and reciprocity in economic decision making but no studies have been focused on the effect of communication on affective states in such a context.Moreover, personal communication influenced reciprocity and participants' perceptions about trust and reciprocity.Findings were interpreted in the light of the Arousal/Valence Model and self-disclosure process.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Applied Technology for Neuro-Psychology Lab, IRCCS Istituto Auxologico Italiano, Via Ariosto 13, 20145 Milan, Italy.

ABSTRACT
Recent investigations emphasized the role of communication features on behavioral trust and reciprocity in economic decision making but no studies have been focused on the effect of communication on affective states in such a context. Thanks to advanced methods of computational psychometrics, in this study, affective states were deeply examined using simultaneous and synchronized recordings of gazes and psychophysiological signals in 28 female students during an investment game. Results showed that participants experienced different affective states according to the type of communication (personal versus impersonal). In particular, participants involved in personal communication felt more relaxed than participants involved in impersonal communication. Moreover, personal communication influenced reciprocity and participants' perceptions about trust and reciprocity. Findings were interpreted in the light of the Arousal/Valence Model and self-disclosure process.

No MeSH data available.