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Children's picture interpretation: Appearance or intention?

Armitage E, Allen ML - Dev Psychol (2015)

Bottom Line: Experiment 3 replicated the results of Experiment 1 with adult participants.Together, these studies show that children and adults are neither strictly realist nor intentional route followers.They are realists until resemblance cues fail, at which point they defer to intentional cues.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Centre for Research in Human Development and Learning, Department of Psychology, Lancaster University.

No MeSH data available.


Mean number of Intentional responses given in the color change and black and white conditions by children who passed the memory control.
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fig2: Mean number of Intentional responses given in the color change and black and white conditions by children who passed the memory control.

Mentions: A significant main effect of question type, F(1, 82) = 9.62, p = .003, ηp2 = .11, revealed that children gave more intentional responses to the behavioral (M = 2.30, SE = .13) than the verbal question (M = 1.89, SE = .14). A significant main effect of modality, F(1, 82) = 5.77, p = .019, ηp2 = .07, also indicated that children in the line drawing task (M = 2.40, SE = .16) gave more intentional responses than children in the photograph task (M = 1.80, SE = .18). Significant main effects of condition, F(1, 82) = 87.47, p < .001, ηp2 = .52, and age group, F(1, 82) = 4.28, p = .042, ηp2 = .05, were qualified by a Condition × Age Group interaction, F(1, 82) = 9.09, p = .003, ηp2 = .10 (see Figure 2). In order to establish the nature of this interaction, additional repeated measures ANOVAs were conducted on data from the two age groups and two conditions separately. These revealed that in the black and white condition, 3- and 4-year-old children (M = 3.16, SE = .28), F(1, 37) = 12.88, p = .001, ηp2 = .26, and 5- and 6-year-old children (M = 3.31, SE = .20), F(1, 49) = 114.17, p < .001, ηp2 = .26, gave significantly more intentional responses than children in the color change condition (3- and 4-year-olds: M = 1.62, SE = .32; 5- and 6-year-olds: M = .37, SE = .19). However, in the color change condition, 3- and 4-year-old children (M = 1.58, SE = .28) gave significantly more intentional responses than the 5- and 6-year-olds (M = .36, SE = .22), F(1, 47) = 11.79, p = .001 ηp2 = .23.


Children's picture interpretation: Appearance or intention?

Armitage E, Allen ML - Dev Psychol (2015)

Mean number of Intentional responses given in the color change and black and white conditions by children who passed the memory control.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4538953&req=5

fig2: Mean number of Intentional responses given in the color change and black and white conditions by children who passed the memory control.
Mentions: A significant main effect of question type, F(1, 82) = 9.62, p = .003, ηp2 = .11, revealed that children gave more intentional responses to the behavioral (M = 2.30, SE = .13) than the verbal question (M = 1.89, SE = .14). A significant main effect of modality, F(1, 82) = 5.77, p = .019, ηp2 = .07, also indicated that children in the line drawing task (M = 2.40, SE = .16) gave more intentional responses than children in the photograph task (M = 1.80, SE = .18). Significant main effects of condition, F(1, 82) = 87.47, p < .001, ηp2 = .52, and age group, F(1, 82) = 4.28, p = .042, ηp2 = .05, were qualified by a Condition × Age Group interaction, F(1, 82) = 9.09, p = .003, ηp2 = .10 (see Figure 2). In order to establish the nature of this interaction, additional repeated measures ANOVAs were conducted on data from the two age groups and two conditions separately. These revealed that in the black and white condition, 3- and 4-year-old children (M = 3.16, SE = .28), F(1, 37) = 12.88, p = .001, ηp2 = .26, and 5- and 6-year-old children (M = 3.31, SE = .20), F(1, 49) = 114.17, p < .001, ηp2 = .26, gave significantly more intentional responses than children in the color change condition (3- and 4-year-olds: M = 1.62, SE = .32; 5- and 6-year-olds: M = .37, SE = .19). However, in the color change condition, 3- and 4-year-old children (M = 1.58, SE = .28) gave significantly more intentional responses than the 5- and 6-year-olds (M = .36, SE = .22), F(1, 47) = 11.79, p = .001 ηp2 = .23.

Bottom Line: Experiment 3 replicated the results of Experiment 1 with adult participants.Together, these studies show that children and adults are neither strictly realist nor intentional route followers.They are realists until resemblance cues fail, at which point they defer to intentional cues.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Centre for Research in Human Development and Learning, Department of Psychology, Lancaster University.

No MeSH data available.