Which Phylogenetic Networks are Merely Trees with Additional Arcs?
Bottom Line: Here, we establish a precise and easily tested criterion (based on "2-SAT") that efficiently determines whether or not any given network can be realized in this way.Moreover, the proof provides a polynomial-time algorithm for finding one or more trees (when they exist) on which the network can be based.A number of interesting consequences are presented as corollaries; these lead to some further relevant questions and observations, which we outline in the conclusion.
Affiliation: Centre for Research in Mathematics, School of Computing, Engineering and Mathematics, University of Western Sydney, Australia;Show MeSH
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Mentions: It is clear that if is a tree-based network, and is based on , then must display , since we can just delete the linking arcs, and suppress any resulting vertices of in-degree and out-degree equal to 1. However, it is possible for a tree-based network to display the tree but fail to be based on (Fig. 5). In other words, the notion of a network being based on a tree is stronger than simply displaying the tree.Figure 5.
Affiliation: Centre for Research in Mathematics, School of Computing, Engineering and Mathematics, University of Western Sydney, Australia;