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miR-965 controls cell proliferation and migration during tissue morphogenesis in the Drosophila abdomen.

Verma P, Cohen SM - Elife (2015)

Bottom Line: During pupal development, the abdominal histoblast cells proliferate and migrate to replace the larval epidermis.Ecdysone signaling downregulates miR-965 at the onset of pupariation, linking activation of the histoblast nests to the hormonal control of metamorphosis.By regulating both cell proliferation and cell migration, miR-965 contributes to the robustness of this morphogenetic system.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology, Singapore, Singapore.

ABSTRACT
Formation of the Drosophila adult abdomen involves a process of tissue replacement in which larval epidermal cells are replaced by adult cells. The progenitors of the adult epidermis are specified during embryogenesis and, unlike the imaginal discs that make up the thoracic and head segments, they remain quiescent during larval development. During pupal development, the abdominal histoblast cells proliferate and migrate to replace the larval epidermis. Here, we provide evidence that the microRNA, miR-965, acts via string and wingless to control histoblast proliferation and migration. Ecdysone signaling downregulates miR-965 at the onset of pupariation, linking activation of the histoblast nests to the hormonal control of metamorphosis. Replacement of the larval epidermis by adult epidermal progenitors involves regulation of both cell-intrinsic events and cell communication. By regulating both cell proliferation and cell migration, miR-965 contributes to the robustness of this morphogenetic system.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Speed of histoblast nest migration.n = 15 for control, n = 18 for KO1/KO2 and n = 11 for esg-GAL4>UAS-stg. p < 0.001 comparing control and esg-GAL4>UAS-stg using one-way ANOVA. esg-GAL4>UAS-stg is not significantly different from the miR-965 mutant (KO1/KO2). Control and miR-965 mutant samples are same as in Figure 3—figure supplement 1. Refers to Figure 5B and Video 9.DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.7554/eLife.07389.024
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fig5s3: Speed of histoblast nest migration.n = 15 for control, n = 18 for KO1/KO2 and n = 11 for esg-GAL4>UAS-stg. p < 0.001 comparing control and esg-GAL4>UAS-stg using one-way ANOVA. esg-GAL4>UAS-stg is not significantly different from the miR-965 mutant (KO1/KO2). Control and miR-965 mutant samples are same as in Figure 3—figure supplement 1. Refers to Figure 5B and Video 9.DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.7554/eLife.07389.024


miR-965 controls cell proliferation and migration during tissue morphogenesis in the Drosophila abdomen.

Verma P, Cohen SM - Elife (2015)

Speed of histoblast nest migration.n = 15 for control, n = 18 for KO1/KO2 and n = 11 for esg-GAL4>UAS-stg. p < 0.001 comparing control and esg-GAL4>UAS-stg using one-way ANOVA. esg-GAL4>UAS-stg is not significantly different from the miR-965 mutant (KO1/KO2). Control and miR-965 mutant samples are same as in Figure 3—figure supplement 1. Refers to Figure 5B and Video 9.DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.7554/eLife.07389.024
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

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Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4538364&req=5

fig5s3: Speed of histoblast nest migration.n = 15 for control, n = 18 for KO1/KO2 and n = 11 for esg-GAL4>UAS-stg. p < 0.001 comparing control and esg-GAL4>UAS-stg using one-way ANOVA. esg-GAL4>UAS-stg is not significantly different from the miR-965 mutant (KO1/KO2). Control and miR-965 mutant samples are same as in Figure 3—figure supplement 1. Refers to Figure 5B and Video 9.DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.7554/eLife.07389.024
Bottom Line: During pupal development, the abdominal histoblast cells proliferate and migrate to replace the larval epidermis.Ecdysone signaling downregulates miR-965 at the onset of pupariation, linking activation of the histoblast nests to the hormonal control of metamorphosis.By regulating both cell proliferation and cell migration, miR-965 contributes to the robustness of this morphogenetic system.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology, Singapore, Singapore.

ABSTRACT
Formation of the Drosophila adult abdomen involves a process of tissue replacement in which larval epidermal cells are replaced by adult cells. The progenitors of the adult epidermis are specified during embryogenesis and, unlike the imaginal discs that make up the thoracic and head segments, they remain quiescent during larval development. During pupal development, the abdominal histoblast cells proliferate and migrate to replace the larval epidermis. Here, we provide evidence that the microRNA, miR-965, acts via string and wingless to control histoblast proliferation and migration. Ecdysone signaling downregulates miR-965 at the onset of pupariation, linking activation of the histoblast nests to the hormonal control of metamorphosis. Replacement of the larval epidermis by adult epidermal progenitors involves regulation of both cell-intrinsic events and cell communication. By regulating both cell proliferation and cell migration, miR-965 contributes to the robustness of this morphogenetic system.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus