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Unintentional fall-related mortality in the elderly: comparing patterns in two countries with different demographic structure.

Majdan M, Mauritz W - BMJ Open (2015)

Bottom Line: In ages over 75 years rates were significantly higher in Austria, compared to Slovakia.We conclude that higher proportions of the elderly population of Austria could have contributed to the higher fall-related mortality rates compared to Slovakia, especially in females over 80 years.Our study quantified the differences between two countries with different structure of the elderly population and these findings could be used in planning future needs of health and social services and to plan prevention in countries where a rapid increase in age of the population can be foreseen.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Faculty of Health Sciences and Social Work, Department of Public Health, Trnava University, Trnava, Slovakia International Neurotrauma Research organization (INRO), Vienna, Austria.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Between-country mortality rate ratios 2003–2010 and 95% CIs by sex. AA, annual average; ratios are calculated using Slovakia as a reference (the value of 1 was assigned to each rate in Slovakia and all rates on the figure are relative to these).
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BMJOPEN2015008672F2: Between-country mortality rate ratios 2003–2010 and 95% CIs by sex. AA, annual average; ratios are calculated using Slovakia as a reference (the value of 1 was assigned to each rate in Slovakia and all rates on the figure are relative to these).

Mentions: Table 4 presents the rate ratios for each age group, year and sex in a between-country manner. Overall, the mortality rates in the age group of 65–74 were lower in Austria (rate ratio=0.84). In all other age groups the rates in Austria were higher, compared to Slovakia (1.8 times higher in 75–84 years old, 2.5 times higher in 85–94 years old and 2.9 times higher in the population over 95 years). Again, the rate ratios were higher in females, compared to males. The crude overall mortality rates were higher in Austria by a factor of 1.9. The trends of between country rate ratios over the studied period are graphically summarised in figure 2.


Unintentional fall-related mortality in the elderly: comparing patterns in two countries with different demographic structure.

Majdan M, Mauritz W - BMJ Open (2015)

Between-country mortality rate ratios 2003–2010 and 95% CIs by sex. AA, annual average; ratios are calculated using Slovakia as a reference (the value of 1 was assigned to each rate in Slovakia and all rates on the figure are relative to these).
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4538254&req=5

BMJOPEN2015008672F2: Between-country mortality rate ratios 2003–2010 and 95% CIs by sex. AA, annual average; ratios are calculated using Slovakia as a reference (the value of 1 was assigned to each rate in Slovakia and all rates on the figure are relative to these).
Mentions: Table 4 presents the rate ratios for each age group, year and sex in a between-country manner. Overall, the mortality rates in the age group of 65–74 were lower in Austria (rate ratio=0.84). In all other age groups the rates in Austria were higher, compared to Slovakia (1.8 times higher in 75–84 years old, 2.5 times higher in 85–94 years old and 2.9 times higher in the population over 95 years). Again, the rate ratios were higher in females, compared to males. The crude overall mortality rates were higher in Austria by a factor of 1.9. The trends of between country rate ratios over the studied period are graphically summarised in figure 2.

Bottom Line: In ages over 75 years rates were significantly higher in Austria, compared to Slovakia.We conclude that higher proportions of the elderly population of Austria could have contributed to the higher fall-related mortality rates compared to Slovakia, especially in females over 80 years.Our study quantified the differences between two countries with different structure of the elderly population and these findings could be used in planning future needs of health and social services and to plan prevention in countries where a rapid increase in age of the population can be foreseen.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Faculty of Health Sciences and Social Work, Department of Public Health, Trnava University, Trnava, Slovakia International Neurotrauma Research organization (INRO), Vienna, Austria.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus