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Regional Variation in Causes of Injuries among Terrorism Victims for Mass Casualty Events.

Regens JL, Schultheiss A, Mould N - Front Public Health (2015)

Bottom Line: This research article examines variation in regional patterns in the causes of injures associated with 77,258 successful terrorist attacks that occurred between 1970 and 2013 involving the use of explosives, firearms, and/or incendiaries.The objective of this research is to estimate regional variation in the use of different conventional weapons in successful terrorist attacks in each world region on variation in injury cause distributions.Indeed, we find that the distributions of the number of injuries attributable to specific weapons types (i.e., by cause) vary greatly among the 13 world regions identified within the Global Terrorism Database.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: OU Center for Intelligence and National Security, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center , Oklahoma City, OK , USA.

ABSTRACT
The efficient allocation of medical resources to prepare for and respond to mass casualty events (MCEs) attributable to intentional acts of terrorism is a major challenge confronting disaster planners and emergency personnel. This research article examines variation in regional patterns in the causes of injures associated with 77,258 successful terrorist attacks that occurred between 1970 and 2013 involving the use of explosives, firearms, and/or incendiaries. The objective of this research is to estimate regional variation in the use of different conventional weapons in successful terrorist attacks in each world region on variation in injury cause distributions. Indeed, we find that the distributions of the number of injuries attributable to specific weapons types (i.e., by cause) vary greatly among the 13 world regions identified within the Global Terrorism Database.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Number of attacks per year grouped by weapon type (1970–2013).
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Figure 1: Number of attacks per year grouped by weapon type (1970–2013).

Mentions: Figure 1 illustrates the number of attacks by weapon type over the time period 1970–2013. Note that data for 1993 are not available. Not surprisingly, the patterns in the data reveal that explosives other than suicide bombings and vehicle-borne improvised explosive devices (e.g., mail bombs, dynamite/TNT, and other explosives) and firearms consistently have been the dominant weapon types employed in terrorist attacks. Reliance on suicide bombings, incendiary devices, and vehicle-borne improvised explosive devices (VBIEDs) – especially VBIEDs – increased substantially after 2001.


Regional Variation in Causes of Injuries among Terrorism Victims for Mass Casualty Events.

Regens JL, Schultheiss A, Mould N - Front Public Health (2015)

Number of attacks per year grouped by weapon type (1970–2013).
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4538221&req=5

Figure 1: Number of attacks per year grouped by weapon type (1970–2013).
Mentions: Figure 1 illustrates the number of attacks by weapon type over the time period 1970–2013. Note that data for 1993 are not available. Not surprisingly, the patterns in the data reveal that explosives other than suicide bombings and vehicle-borne improvised explosive devices (e.g., mail bombs, dynamite/TNT, and other explosives) and firearms consistently have been the dominant weapon types employed in terrorist attacks. Reliance on suicide bombings, incendiary devices, and vehicle-borne improvised explosive devices (VBIEDs) – especially VBIEDs – increased substantially after 2001.

Bottom Line: This research article examines variation in regional patterns in the causes of injures associated with 77,258 successful terrorist attacks that occurred between 1970 and 2013 involving the use of explosives, firearms, and/or incendiaries.The objective of this research is to estimate regional variation in the use of different conventional weapons in successful terrorist attacks in each world region on variation in injury cause distributions.Indeed, we find that the distributions of the number of injuries attributable to specific weapons types (i.e., by cause) vary greatly among the 13 world regions identified within the Global Terrorism Database.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: OU Center for Intelligence and National Security, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center , Oklahoma City, OK , USA.

ABSTRACT
The efficient allocation of medical resources to prepare for and respond to mass casualty events (MCEs) attributable to intentional acts of terrorism is a major challenge confronting disaster planners and emergency personnel. This research article examines variation in regional patterns in the causes of injures associated with 77,258 successful terrorist attacks that occurred between 1970 and 2013 involving the use of explosives, firearms, and/or incendiaries. The objective of this research is to estimate regional variation in the use of different conventional weapons in successful terrorist attacks in each world region on variation in injury cause distributions. Indeed, we find that the distributions of the number of injuries attributable to specific weapons types (i.e., by cause) vary greatly among the 13 world regions identified within the Global Terrorism Database.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus