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A homozygous loss-of-function variant in MYH11 in a case with megacystis-microcolon-intestinal hypoperistalsis syndrome.

Gauthier J, Ouled Amar Bencheikh B, Hamdan FF, Harrison SM, Baker LA, Couture F, Thiffault I, Ouazzani R, Samuels ME, Mitchell GA, Rouleau GA, Michaud JL, Soucy JF - Eur. J. Hum. Genet. (2014)

Bottom Line: However, such variants do not explain MMIHS cases that show an autosomal recessive mode of inheritance.The documentation of variants in ACTG2 and MYH11 thus points to the involvement of the contractile apparatus of the smooth muscle in MMIHS.Different mechanisms of MYH11 disruption may thus lead to distinct patterns of smooth muscle dysfunction.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Molecular Diagnostic Laboratory and Division of Medical Genetics, CHU Sainte-Justine, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

ABSTRACT
Megacystis-microcolon-intestinal hypoperistalsis syndrome (MMIHS) is characterized by marked dilatation of the bladder and microcolon and decreased intestinal peristalsis. Recent studies indicate that heterozygous variants in ACTG2, which codes for a smooth muscle actin, cause MMIHS. However, such variants do not explain MMIHS cases that show an autosomal recessive mode of inheritance. We performed exome sequencing in a newborn with MMIHS and prune belly phenotype whose parents are consanguineous and identified a homozygous variant (c.3598A>T: p.Lys1200Ter) in MYH11, which codes for the smooth muscle myosin heavy chain. Previous studies showed that loss of Myh11 function in mice causes a bladder and intestinal phenotype that is highly reminiscent of MMIHS. All together, these observations strongly suggest that loss-of-function variants in MYH11 cause MMIHS. The documentation of variants in ACTG2 and MYH11 thus points to the involvement of the contractile apparatus of the smooth muscle in MMIHS. Interestingly, dominant-negative variants in MYH11 have previously been shown to cause thoracic aortic aneurism and dilatation. Different mechanisms of MYH11 disruption may thus lead to distinct patterns of smooth muscle dysfunction.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Variant in MYH11 in a case with MMIHS. (a) Pedigree and Sanger sequencing confirmation of the c.3598A>T (p.Lys1200Ter) variant identified in our MMIHS patient using exome sequencing. Chromatograms represent the reference (top) and the mutant sequence. The homozygous variant is indicated by the red arrow. (b) Distribution of the variants identified in MYH11. The structure of the human MYH11 protein includes a motor domain (blue), a IQ motif EF-hand binding site (green) and a coiled-coil domain (orange). The variant in red was identified in the current study in a patient affected with MMIHS. Variants c.2135G>A (p.Arg712Gln), c.3791T>C (p.Arg1264Pro), c.3824G>T (p.Arg1275Leu), c.4578+1C>A (p.Leu1456_Asn1526del), c.3720_3792del (p.Arg1241_Leu1264del) and c.5273G>A (p.Arg1758Gln) were found in patients with TAAD associated with patent ductus arteriosus.
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fig1: Variant in MYH11 in a case with MMIHS. (a) Pedigree and Sanger sequencing confirmation of the c.3598A>T (p.Lys1200Ter) variant identified in our MMIHS patient using exome sequencing. Chromatograms represent the reference (top) and the mutant sequence. The homozygous variant is indicated by the red arrow. (b) Distribution of the variants identified in MYH11. The structure of the human MYH11 protein includes a motor domain (blue), a IQ motif EF-hand binding site (green) and a coiled-coil domain (orange). The variant in red was identified in the current study in a patient affected with MMIHS. Variants c.2135G>A (p.Arg712Gln), c.3791T>C (p.Arg1264Pro), c.3824G>T (p.Arg1275Leu), c.4578+1C>A (p.Leu1456_Asn1526del), c.3720_3792del (p.Arg1241_Leu1264del) and c.5273G>A (p.Arg1758Gln) were found in patients with TAAD associated with patent ductus arteriosus.

Mentions: A total of 525 variants were retained as candidates according to our filtering criteria,6 including seven X-linked and 26 homozygous variants (Supplementary Table 1). Among the homozygous variants, we identified a nonsense variant, c.3598A>T (p.Lys1200Ter), in exon 27 of the MYH11 gene (NM022844; NG009299.1) (Figure 1a). This homozygous variant was confirmed by Sanger sequencing.


A homozygous loss-of-function variant in MYH11 in a case with megacystis-microcolon-intestinal hypoperistalsis syndrome.

Gauthier J, Ouled Amar Bencheikh B, Hamdan FF, Harrison SM, Baker LA, Couture F, Thiffault I, Ouazzani R, Samuels ME, Mitchell GA, Rouleau GA, Michaud JL, Soucy JF - Eur. J. Hum. Genet. (2014)

Variant in MYH11 in a case with MMIHS. (a) Pedigree and Sanger sequencing confirmation of the c.3598A>T (p.Lys1200Ter) variant identified in our MMIHS patient using exome sequencing. Chromatograms represent the reference (top) and the mutant sequence. The homozygous variant is indicated by the red arrow. (b) Distribution of the variants identified in MYH11. The structure of the human MYH11 protein includes a motor domain (blue), a IQ motif EF-hand binding site (green) and a coiled-coil domain (orange). The variant in red was identified in the current study in a patient affected with MMIHS. Variants c.2135G>A (p.Arg712Gln), c.3791T>C (p.Arg1264Pro), c.3824G>T (p.Arg1275Leu), c.4578+1C>A (p.Leu1456_Asn1526del), c.3720_3792del (p.Arg1241_Leu1264del) and c.5273G>A (p.Arg1758Gln) were found in patients with TAAD associated with patent ductus arteriosus.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

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getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4538215&req=5

fig1: Variant in MYH11 in a case with MMIHS. (a) Pedigree and Sanger sequencing confirmation of the c.3598A>T (p.Lys1200Ter) variant identified in our MMIHS patient using exome sequencing. Chromatograms represent the reference (top) and the mutant sequence. The homozygous variant is indicated by the red arrow. (b) Distribution of the variants identified in MYH11. The structure of the human MYH11 protein includes a motor domain (blue), a IQ motif EF-hand binding site (green) and a coiled-coil domain (orange). The variant in red was identified in the current study in a patient affected with MMIHS. Variants c.2135G>A (p.Arg712Gln), c.3791T>C (p.Arg1264Pro), c.3824G>T (p.Arg1275Leu), c.4578+1C>A (p.Leu1456_Asn1526del), c.3720_3792del (p.Arg1241_Leu1264del) and c.5273G>A (p.Arg1758Gln) were found in patients with TAAD associated with patent ductus arteriosus.
Mentions: A total of 525 variants were retained as candidates according to our filtering criteria,6 including seven X-linked and 26 homozygous variants (Supplementary Table 1). Among the homozygous variants, we identified a nonsense variant, c.3598A>T (p.Lys1200Ter), in exon 27 of the MYH11 gene (NM022844; NG009299.1) (Figure 1a). This homozygous variant was confirmed by Sanger sequencing.

Bottom Line: However, such variants do not explain MMIHS cases that show an autosomal recessive mode of inheritance.The documentation of variants in ACTG2 and MYH11 thus points to the involvement of the contractile apparatus of the smooth muscle in MMIHS.Different mechanisms of MYH11 disruption may thus lead to distinct patterns of smooth muscle dysfunction.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Molecular Diagnostic Laboratory and Division of Medical Genetics, CHU Sainte-Justine, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

ABSTRACT
Megacystis-microcolon-intestinal hypoperistalsis syndrome (MMIHS) is characterized by marked dilatation of the bladder and microcolon and decreased intestinal peristalsis. Recent studies indicate that heterozygous variants in ACTG2, which codes for a smooth muscle actin, cause MMIHS. However, such variants do not explain MMIHS cases that show an autosomal recessive mode of inheritance. We performed exome sequencing in a newborn with MMIHS and prune belly phenotype whose parents are consanguineous and identified a homozygous variant (c.3598A>T: p.Lys1200Ter) in MYH11, which codes for the smooth muscle myosin heavy chain. Previous studies showed that loss of Myh11 function in mice causes a bladder and intestinal phenotype that is highly reminiscent of MMIHS. All together, these observations strongly suggest that loss-of-function variants in MYH11 cause MMIHS. The documentation of variants in ACTG2 and MYH11 thus points to the involvement of the contractile apparatus of the smooth muscle in MMIHS. Interestingly, dominant-negative variants in MYH11 have previously been shown to cause thoracic aortic aneurism and dilatation. Different mechanisms of MYH11 disruption may thus lead to distinct patterns of smooth muscle dysfunction.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus