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Prevalence of helmet use among motorcycle users in Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania.

Kauky CG, Kishimba RS, Urio LJ, Abade AM, Mghamba JM - Pan Afr Med J (2015)

Bottom Line: The prevalence use of helmet use among motorcyclist's riders was 82.1% and among passengers was 22.5%.This study showed the relative high helmet use among motorcyclist riders though very low in passengers.This study recommends increased community awareness on helmet use among passengers and enforcement and revival of road safety laws of passengers and motorcyclists on helmet use.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Tanzania Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme (FELTP), Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania.

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The purpose of this study was to determine prevalence of helmet use among motorcyclists as one of the preventive measures for road traffic injuries.

Methods: A cross sectional observational survey was conducted in the 3 Districts (Kinondoni, Ilala and Temeke) that make Dar es Salaam. Tanzania. A standardized line-listing form and checklist were used to record the drivers and passengers use of helmet as observed by study investigators. Data for helmet use was collected on one weekday and one weekend day. Time for observation was during the rush hour in the morning, noon and evening. Then data were entered into Epi Info 3.5.1 analysis.

Results: A total of 7,678 motorcycle drivers and 4,328 passengers observed in this study. Drivers were almost male (98.8%) and 73.2% of all passengers were males. The prevalence use of helmet use among motorcyclist's riders was 82.1% and among passengers was 22.5%. Proportion of helmet use in drivers and passengers observed were relatively similar during weekday and weekend day and time of observation.

Conclusion: This study showed the relative high helmet use among motorcyclist riders though very low in passengers. This study recommends increased community awareness on helmet use among passengers and enforcement and revival of road safety laws of passengers and motorcyclists on helmet use.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Distribution of motorcyclists by number of passengers, Dar es salaam, December, 2013
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Figure 0003: Distribution of motorcyclists by number of passengers, Dar es salaam, December, 2013

Mentions: A total of 7678 motorcyclists were observed with male preponderance 7660 (99.8%). More than half 4334 (56.4%) of motorcyclists at least had a passenger of whom majority 3173 (73.2%) were males. Table 1 shows the distribution of motorcyclists by sex at different observational sites. All observational sites had almost proportionate motorcyclists except Sea-ender junction and TAZARA junction which had 14.1% and 12.9% respectively. The distribution of motorcyclists and passengers by helmet use status; majority 6,302 (82.1%) of motorcyclist wore helmet while very few 965 (22.5%) passengers were observed to use helmet. And therefore the prevalence of helmet use among motorcyclists was estimated at 82.1%. Figure 1 shows the distribution of motorcyclists and passengers by sex and helmet use status. Majority 3369 (77.7%) of passengers did not use helmet. Most 2340 (69.5%) of passengers who did not wear helmet were males. Helmet use behaviour among males and females motorcyclists were not apparent as there were very few 18 (0.2%) female motorcyclists that were observed. The distribution of motorcyclists and passengers by day of observation and helmet use status showed high proportion 2040 (76.4%) and 1329 (79.8%) of passengers were observed not to use helmet in a weekday and weekend day respectively. Figure 2 shows the distribution of motorcyclists and passengers by time of observation and helmet use status. Majority 3464 (83%), 1123 (87.2%), 1715 (77.4%) of motorcyclists wore helmet during all time of observations; morning, noon and evening respectively. There was a proportionate high 1863 (77.5%), 527 (75.5%), 979 (79.5%) proportion of passengers who did not wear helmet during all times of obervation; morning, noon and evening respectively. Figure 3 shows distribution of motorcyclists by number of passengers. Majority 4218 (55%) of motorcyclists have only one passenger in their motorbike.


Prevalence of helmet use among motorcycle users in Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania.

Kauky CG, Kishimba RS, Urio LJ, Abade AM, Mghamba JM - Pan Afr Med J (2015)

Distribution of motorcyclists by number of passengers, Dar es salaam, December, 2013
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4537900&req=5

Figure 0003: Distribution of motorcyclists by number of passengers, Dar es salaam, December, 2013
Mentions: A total of 7678 motorcyclists were observed with male preponderance 7660 (99.8%). More than half 4334 (56.4%) of motorcyclists at least had a passenger of whom majority 3173 (73.2%) were males. Table 1 shows the distribution of motorcyclists by sex at different observational sites. All observational sites had almost proportionate motorcyclists except Sea-ender junction and TAZARA junction which had 14.1% and 12.9% respectively. The distribution of motorcyclists and passengers by helmet use status; majority 6,302 (82.1%) of motorcyclist wore helmet while very few 965 (22.5%) passengers were observed to use helmet. And therefore the prevalence of helmet use among motorcyclists was estimated at 82.1%. Figure 1 shows the distribution of motorcyclists and passengers by sex and helmet use status. Majority 3369 (77.7%) of passengers did not use helmet. Most 2340 (69.5%) of passengers who did not wear helmet were males. Helmet use behaviour among males and females motorcyclists were not apparent as there were very few 18 (0.2%) female motorcyclists that were observed. The distribution of motorcyclists and passengers by day of observation and helmet use status showed high proportion 2040 (76.4%) and 1329 (79.8%) of passengers were observed not to use helmet in a weekday and weekend day respectively. Figure 2 shows the distribution of motorcyclists and passengers by time of observation and helmet use status. Majority 3464 (83%), 1123 (87.2%), 1715 (77.4%) of motorcyclists wore helmet during all time of observations; morning, noon and evening respectively. There was a proportionate high 1863 (77.5%), 527 (75.5%), 979 (79.5%) proportion of passengers who did not wear helmet during all times of obervation; morning, noon and evening respectively. Figure 3 shows distribution of motorcyclists by number of passengers. Majority 4218 (55%) of motorcyclists have only one passenger in their motorbike.

Bottom Line: The prevalence use of helmet use among motorcyclist's riders was 82.1% and among passengers was 22.5%.This study showed the relative high helmet use among motorcyclist riders though very low in passengers.This study recommends increased community awareness on helmet use among passengers and enforcement and revival of road safety laws of passengers and motorcyclists on helmet use.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Tanzania Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme (FELTP), Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania.

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The purpose of this study was to determine prevalence of helmet use among motorcyclists as one of the preventive measures for road traffic injuries.

Methods: A cross sectional observational survey was conducted in the 3 Districts (Kinondoni, Ilala and Temeke) that make Dar es Salaam. Tanzania. A standardized line-listing form and checklist were used to record the drivers and passengers use of helmet as observed by study investigators. Data for helmet use was collected on one weekday and one weekend day. Time for observation was during the rush hour in the morning, noon and evening. Then data were entered into Epi Info 3.5.1 analysis.

Results: A total of 7,678 motorcycle drivers and 4,328 passengers observed in this study. Drivers were almost male (98.8%) and 73.2% of all passengers were males. The prevalence use of helmet use among motorcyclist's riders was 82.1% and among passengers was 22.5%. Proportion of helmet use in drivers and passengers observed were relatively similar during weekday and weekend day and time of observation.

Conclusion: This study showed the relative high helmet use among motorcyclist riders though very low in passengers. This study recommends increased community awareness on helmet use among passengers and enforcement and revival of road safety laws of passengers and motorcyclists on helmet use.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus