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Vitamin D Status among Older Adults Residing in the Littoral and Andes Mountains in Ecuador.

Orces CH - ScientificWorldJournal (2015)

Bottom Line: Of 2,374 participants with a mean age of 71.0 (8.3) years, 25(OH)D insufficiency and deficiency were present in 67.8% (95% CI, 65.3-70.2) and 21.6% (95% CI, 19.5-23.7) of older adults in Ecuador, respectively.Women (OR, 3.19; 95% CI, 3.15-3.22), self-reported race as Indigenous (OR, 2.75; 95% CI, 2.70-2.80), and residents in rural (OR, 4.49; 95% CI, 4.40-4.58) and urban (OR, 2.74; 95% CI, 2.69-2.80) areas of the Andes Mountains region were variables significantly associated with 25(OH)D deficiency among older adults.Despite abundant sunlight throughout the year in Ecuador, 25(OH)D deficiency was significantly prevalent among older women, Indigenous subjects, and subjects residing in the Andes Mountains region of the country.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Medicine, Laredo Medical Center, 1700 East Saunders, Laredo, TX 78041, USA.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To estimate the prevalence of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) deficiency and its determinants among older adults in Ecuador.

Methods: 25(OH)D deficiency and insufficiency prevalence rates were examined among participants in the National Survey of Health, Wellbeing, and Aging. Logistic regression models were used to evaluate demographic characteristics associated with 25(OH)D deficiency.

Results: Of 2,374 participants with a mean age of 71.0 (8.3) years, 25(OH)D insufficiency and deficiency were present in 67.8% (95% CI, 65.3-70.2) and 21.6% (95% CI, 19.5-23.7) of older adults in Ecuador, respectively. Women (OR, 3.19; 95% CI, 3.15-3.22), self-reported race as Indigenous (OR, 2.75; 95% CI, 2.70-2.80), and residents in rural (OR, 4.49; 95% CI, 4.40-4.58) and urban (OR, 2.74; 95% CI, 2.69-2.80) areas of the Andes Mountains region were variables significantly associated with 25(OH)D deficiency among older adults.

Conclusions: Despite abundant sunlight throughout the year in Ecuador, 25(OH)D deficiency was significantly prevalent among older women, Indigenous subjects, and subjects residing in the Andes Mountains region of the country. The present findings may assist public health authorities to implement policies of vitamin D supplementation among older adults at risk for this condition.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Prevalence of vitamin D deficiency among older adults in Ecuador.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection


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fig1: Prevalence of vitamin D deficiency among older adults in Ecuador.

Mentions: As shown in Figure 1, the age-adjusted prevalence of 25(OH)D deficiency among older adults varied across the country. However, residents in provinces located in the Andes Mountains region had consistently higher 25(OH)D deficiency prevalence rates than those residing in provinces along the coastal region. For instance, up to 62.0% and 53.8% of residents in the provinces of Bolivar and Chimborazo were considered deficient in 25(OH)D. Conversely, low prevalence of 25(OH)D deficiency ranging from 8.3% to 17.8% was found among subjects residing in provinces of the coastal region.


Vitamin D Status among Older Adults Residing in the Littoral and Andes Mountains in Ecuador.

Orces CH - ScientificWorldJournal (2015)

Prevalence of vitamin D deficiency among older adults in Ecuador.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4537767&req=5

fig1: Prevalence of vitamin D deficiency among older adults in Ecuador.
Mentions: As shown in Figure 1, the age-adjusted prevalence of 25(OH)D deficiency among older adults varied across the country. However, residents in provinces located in the Andes Mountains region had consistently higher 25(OH)D deficiency prevalence rates than those residing in provinces along the coastal region. For instance, up to 62.0% and 53.8% of residents in the provinces of Bolivar and Chimborazo were considered deficient in 25(OH)D. Conversely, low prevalence of 25(OH)D deficiency ranging from 8.3% to 17.8% was found among subjects residing in provinces of the coastal region.

Bottom Line: Of 2,374 participants with a mean age of 71.0 (8.3) years, 25(OH)D insufficiency and deficiency were present in 67.8% (95% CI, 65.3-70.2) and 21.6% (95% CI, 19.5-23.7) of older adults in Ecuador, respectively.Women (OR, 3.19; 95% CI, 3.15-3.22), self-reported race as Indigenous (OR, 2.75; 95% CI, 2.70-2.80), and residents in rural (OR, 4.49; 95% CI, 4.40-4.58) and urban (OR, 2.74; 95% CI, 2.69-2.80) areas of the Andes Mountains region were variables significantly associated with 25(OH)D deficiency among older adults.Despite abundant sunlight throughout the year in Ecuador, 25(OH)D deficiency was significantly prevalent among older women, Indigenous subjects, and subjects residing in the Andes Mountains region of the country.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Medicine, Laredo Medical Center, 1700 East Saunders, Laredo, TX 78041, USA.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To estimate the prevalence of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) deficiency and its determinants among older adults in Ecuador.

Methods: 25(OH)D deficiency and insufficiency prevalence rates were examined among participants in the National Survey of Health, Wellbeing, and Aging. Logistic regression models were used to evaluate demographic characteristics associated with 25(OH)D deficiency.

Results: Of 2,374 participants with a mean age of 71.0 (8.3) years, 25(OH)D insufficiency and deficiency were present in 67.8% (95% CI, 65.3-70.2) and 21.6% (95% CI, 19.5-23.7) of older adults in Ecuador, respectively. Women (OR, 3.19; 95% CI, 3.15-3.22), self-reported race as Indigenous (OR, 2.75; 95% CI, 2.70-2.80), and residents in rural (OR, 4.49; 95% CI, 4.40-4.58) and urban (OR, 2.74; 95% CI, 2.69-2.80) areas of the Andes Mountains region were variables significantly associated with 25(OH)D deficiency among older adults.

Conclusions: Despite abundant sunlight throughout the year in Ecuador, 25(OH)D deficiency was significantly prevalent among older women, Indigenous subjects, and subjects residing in the Andes Mountains region of the country. The present findings may assist public health authorities to implement policies of vitamin D supplementation among older adults at risk for this condition.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus