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Thoracic Kidney: Extremely Rare State of Aberrant Kidney.

Khoshchehreh M, Paknejad O, Bakhshayesh-Karam M, Pazoki M - Case Rep Urol (2015)

Bottom Line: The thorax is the rarest place among all forms of renal ectopia.Only about 200 cases of the thoracic kidney have ever been reported in medical literature worldwide.In this paper we present the rarest form of nontraumatic nonhernia associated, truly ectopic thoracic kidney.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, 2001 N. Soto Street, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA ; Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, University of California, Irvine, Irvine, CA, USA.

ABSTRACT
The thorax is the rarest place among all forms of renal ectopia. We report a rare case of an unacquired thoracic kidney. Only about 200 cases of the thoracic kidney have ever been reported in medical literature worldwide. In this paper we present the rarest form of nontraumatic nonhernia associated, truly ectopic thoracic kidney. The differential diagnosis and management options and classification of this rare form of aberrant kidney are discussed.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

32-year-old man, diagnosed for ectopic kidney; ultrasonographic evaluation revealed an ectopic right kidney above the right hemidiaphragm. Both kidneys have normal size, echo pattern, and cortical thickness.
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fig2: 32-year-old man, diagnosed for ectopic kidney; ultrasonographic evaluation revealed an ectopic right kidney above the right hemidiaphragm. Both kidneys have normal size, echo pattern, and cortical thickness.

Mentions: Physical examination was normal, including normal breathing sounds all over the lung without any abnormal resonance and symmetrical expansion of the thorax. Laboratory investigations were within normal limits. A chest roentgenogram (Figure 1) showed hyperinflation of both lungs, with round soft tissue density in the cardiophrenic angle, which does not silhouette the cardiac shadow. Upon ultrasonic examination (Figure 2), the right kidney was ectopic and was located above the right hemidiaphragm. Both kidneys had normal size, echo pattern, and cortical thickness. CT scan (Figures 3(a) and 3(b)) suggested that the right kidney was in the lower portion of the right hemithorax. Respiratory function tests revealed an obstructive pattern, which was reversible with bronchodilator therapy, compatible with asthma.


Thoracic Kidney: Extremely Rare State of Aberrant Kidney.

Khoshchehreh M, Paknejad O, Bakhshayesh-Karam M, Pazoki M - Case Rep Urol (2015)

32-year-old man, diagnosed for ectopic kidney; ultrasonographic evaluation revealed an ectopic right kidney above the right hemidiaphragm. Both kidneys have normal size, echo pattern, and cortical thickness.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4537722&req=5

fig2: 32-year-old man, diagnosed for ectopic kidney; ultrasonographic evaluation revealed an ectopic right kidney above the right hemidiaphragm. Both kidneys have normal size, echo pattern, and cortical thickness.
Mentions: Physical examination was normal, including normal breathing sounds all over the lung without any abnormal resonance and symmetrical expansion of the thorax. Laboratory investigations were within normal limits. A chest roentgenogram (Figure 1) showed hyperinflation of both lungs, with round soft tissue density in the cardiophrenic angle, which does not silhouette the cardiac shadow. Upon ultrasonic examination (Figure 2), the right kidney was ectopic and was located above the right hemidiaphragm. Both kidneys had normal size, echo pattern, and cortical thickness. CT scan (Figures 3(a) and 3(b)) suggested that the right kidney was in the lower portion of the right hemithorax. Respiratory function tests revealed an obstructive pattern, which was reversible with bronchodilator therapy, compatible with asthma.

Bottom Line: The thorax is the rarest place among all forms of renal ectopia.Only about 200 cases of the thoracic kidney have ever been reported in medical literature worldwide.In this paper we present the rarest form of nontraumatic nonhernia associated, truly ectopic thoracic kidney.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, 2001 N. Soto Street, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA ; Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, University of California, Irvine, Irvine, CA, USA.

ABSTRACT
The thorax is the rarest place among all forms of renal ectopia. We report a rare case of an unacquired thoracic kidney. Only about 200 cases of the thoracic kidney have ever been reported in medical literature worldwide. In this paper we present the rarest form of nontraumatic nonhernia associated, truly ectopic thoracic kidney. The differential diagnosis and management options and classification of this rare form of aberrant kidney are discussed.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus