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What Is Fitness Training? Definitions and Implications: A Systematic Review Article.

Paoli A, Bianco A - Iran. J. Public Health (2015)

Bottom Line: Training through Fitness activities.Even though they significantly differ with each other, the common aim they have is the wellbeing of the people through the improvement of the physical fitness components and the psychological balance.Fitness instructors' recommendations should be followed in gym context and should be contingent upon an individual's objectives, physical capacity, physical characteristics and experience.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Dept. of Biomedical Sciences, University of Padua, Padova, Italy.

ABSTRACT

Background: This review based upon studies searched from the major scientific libraries has the objective of clarifying what is fitness training in modern days, the implications that it has on health in both youth and elderly and finally discuss fitness training practical implications.

Methods: The PRISMA statement was partially adopted and a number of 92 items were selected, according to the inclusion criteria. Results were discussed in 4 main sections: 1. Children and adolescents fitness levels; 2. Fitness training in the elderly; 3. Pathology prevention through fitness training; 4. Training through Fitness activities.

Results: This review pointed out the fact that nowadays there is a large variety of fitness activities available within gyms and fitness centers. Even though they significantly differ with each other, the common aim they have is the wellbeing of the people through the improvement of the physical fitness components and the psychological balance.

Conclusion: Fitness instructors' recommendations should be followed in gym context and should be contingent upon an individual's objectives, physical capacity, physical characteristics and experience.

No MeSH data available.


Intracellular transport mechanisms of glucose
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Figure 1: Intracellular transport mechanisms of glucose

Mentions: Other studies have investigated on the relationship between Aerobic fitness and the adiposity in 8 and 12 year old overweight boys. The results confirm the previous analyzed study’s findings; those with a lower percentage of adiposity had a greater level of aerobic fitness (25, 26). Further intervention has been performed on 99 African and Hispanic girls and their mothers (27). The girls attended a daily exercise, nutrition education, and counseling sessions from 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Mothers attended 2-h weekly exercise, nutrition, and counseling sessions. Findings indicated statistically significant reductions in percent body fat, abdominal fat, and 1-mile run/walk minutes indicating the effectiveness of increasing fitness level even in young girls. These findings let us understand that not only there is an improvement on insulin sensitivity or muscle lipid capacity, but this leads to a reduction of body fat that is an important factor for quality of life and self-esteem (28, 29). Two decades ago changes in eating habits does not seem to have influenced the prevalence of obesity in the UK population whereas there seems to be a correlation between hours of television a week and obesity, so it is evident an interesting link between obesity and hypokinesia (30). This section supports the idea that the improvement of physical fitness during childhood is determinant for the future pathologies prevention. As we will see more forward on this review, the fitness training may represent valid support against inactivity, overweight and obesity (Fig. 1).


What Is Fitness Training? Definitions and Implications: A Systematic Review Article.

Paoli A, Bianco A - Iran. J. Public Health (2015)

Intracellular transport mechanisms of glucose
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4537617&req=5

Figure 1: Intracellular transport mechanisms of glucose
Mentions: Other studies have investigated on the relationship between Aerobic fitness and the adiposity in 8 and 12 year old overweight boys. The results confirm the previous analyzed study’s findings; those with a lower percentage of adiposity had a greater level of aerobic fitness (25, 26). Further intervention has been performed on 99 African and Hispanic girls and their mothers (27). The girls attended a daily exercise, nutrition education, and counseling sessions from 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Mothers attended 2-h weekly exercise, nutrition, and counseling sessions. Findings indicated statistically significant reductions in percent body fat, abdominal fat, and 1-mile run/walk minutes indicating the effectiveness of increasing fitness level even in young girls. These findings let us understand that not only there is an improvement on insulin sensitivity or muscle lipid capacity, but this leads to a reduction of body fat that is an important factor for quality of life and self-esteem (28, 29). Two decades ago changes in eating habits does not seem to have influenced the prevalence of obesity in the UK population whereas there seems to be a correlation between hours of television a week and obesity, so it is evident an interesting link between obesity and hypokinesia (30). This section supports the idea that the improvement of physical fitness during childhood is determinant for the future pathologies prevention. As we will see more forward on this review, the fitness training may represent valid support against inactivity, overweight and obesity (Fig. 1).

Bottom Line: Training through Fitness activities.Even though they significantly differ with each other, the common aim they have is the wellbeing of the people through the improvement of the physical fitness components and the psychological balance.Fitness instructors' recommendations should be followed in gym context and should be contingent upon an individual's objectives, physical capacity, physical characteristics and experience.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Dept. of Biomedical Sciences, University of Padua, Padova, Italy.

ABSTRACT

Background: This review based upon studies searched from the major scientific libraries has the objective of clarifying what is fitness training in modern days, the implications that it has on health in both youth and elderly and finally discuss fitness training practical implications.

Methods: The PRISMA statement was partially adopted and a number of 92 items were selected, according to the inclusion criteria. Results were discussed in 4 main sections: 1. Children and adolescents fitness levels; 2. Fitness training in the elderly; 3. Pathology prevention through fitness training; 4. Training through Fitness activities.

Results: This review pointed out the fact that nowadays there is a large variety of fitness activities available within gyms and fitness centers. Even though they significantly differ with each other, the common aim they have is the wellbeing of the people through the improvement of the physical fitness components and the psychological balance.

Conclusion: Fitness instructors' recommendations should be followed in gym context and should be contingent upon an individual's objectives, physical capacity, physical characteristics and experience.

No MeSH data available.