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Zoonotic helminths parasites in the digestive tract of feral dogs and cats in Guangxi, China.

Fang F, Li J, Huang T, Guillot J, Huang W - BMC Vet. Res. (2015)

Bottom Line: The objective of the present study was to investigate the presence and identify gastrointestinal helminths in feral carnivores in Guangxi province.Fifteen species were identified including 7 trematodes, 3 cestodes and 5 nematodes.Most of them may be responsible for zoonotic infections.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Laboratory of parasitology, College of Animal Science and Technology, Guangxi University, Nanning, 530004 , Guangxi, China. fang8730@163.com.

ABSTRACT

Background: In Guangxi, a province of southern China, an important number of dogs and cats roam freely in rural settings, and the presence of these animals in proximity of people may represent a risk of parasitic zoonoses. The objective of the present study was to investigate the presence and identify gastrointestinal helminths in feral carnivores in Guangxi province. Therefore, post mortem examination was performed in 40 dogs and in 39 cats.

Results: The Gastrointestinal helminths were found in all the necropsied dogs and in 37 out of 39 cats. Fifteen species were identified including 7 trematodes, 3 cestodes and 5 nematodes. Most of them may be responsible for zoonotic infections.

Conclusions: Major zoonotic gastrointestinal helminths, including liver and intestinal flukes, Toxocara spp., and Ancylostoma spp., are present in feral dogs and cats in Guangxi, and may represent a significant risk for public health.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Some of the gastrointestinal helminths identified in feral dogs and cats. aEchinochasmus liliputanus from a dog; bEchinochasmus perfoliatus from a cat. The body surface is covered with spines from the collar to the anterior testis; (c) Pharyngostomum cordatum from a cat; d Buccal capsule of Ancylostoma ceylanicum from a cat. The anterior edge of the buccal capsule is armed with a pair of large hook-like teeth; e Lateral view of male bursa of Ancylostoma ceylanicum from a cat; fAncylostoma caninum from a dog. The wide buccal capsule bears three pairs of ventral teeth; g Rostellum of Dipylidium caninum from a dog. Identification characteristics include a rostellum armed with several alternating rows of thorn-shaped hooks, uterine capsules with several eggs, a vagina posterior to the cirrus-sac; h Mature proglottid of Dipylidium caninum from a dog; i Egg capsules of gravid proglottid of Dipylidium caninum from a dog. Scale bar = 100 μm
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Fig1: Some of the gastrointestinal helminths identified in feral dogs and cats. aEchinochasmus liliputanus from a dog; bEchinochasmus perfoliatus from a cat. The body surface is covered with spines from the collar to the anterior testis; (c) Pharyngostomum cordatum from a cat; d Buccal capsule of Ancylostoma ceylanicum from a cat. The anterior edge of the buccal capsule is armed with a pair of large hook-like teeth; e Lateral view of male bursa of Ancylostoma ceylanicum from a cat; fAncylostoma caninum from a dog. The wide buccal capsule bears three pairs of ventral teeth; g Rostellum of Dipylidium caninum from a dog. Identification characteristics include a rostellum armed with several alternating rows of thorn-shaped hooks, uterine capsules with several eggs, a vagina posterior to the cirrus-sac; h Mature proglottid of Dipylidium caninum from a dog; i Egg capsules of gravid proglottid of Dipylidium caninum from a dog. Scale bar = 100 μm

Mentions: Gastrointestinal helminths were found in all the dogs. Eleven species of helminths were identified, including 5trematodes, 3 cestodes, and 3 nematodes (Fig. 1 and Table 1). The predominant parasite was the cestode Dipylidium caninum, detected in 72.5 % of the examined dogs. The overall infection rate of dogs with more than one helminth species was 77.5 %.Fig. 1


Zoonotic helminths parasites in the digestive tract of feral dogs and cats in Guangxi, China.

Fang F, Li J, Huang T, Guillot J, Huang W - BMC Vet. Res. (2015)

Some of the gastrointestinal helminths identified in feral dogs and cats. aEchinochasmus liliputanus from a dog; bEchinochasmus perfoliatus from a cat. The body surface is covered with spines from the collar to the anterior testis; (c) Pharyngostomum cordatum from a cat; d Buccal capsule of Ancylostoma ceylanicum from a cat. The anterior edge of the buccal capsule is armed with a pair of large hook-like teeth; e Lateral view of male bursa of Ancylostoma ceylanicum from a cat; fAncylostoma caninum from a dog. The wide buccal capsule bears three pairs of ventral teeth; g Rostellum of Dipylidium caninum from a dog. Identification characteristics include a rostellum armed with several alternating rows of thorn-shaped hooks, uterine capsules with several eggs, a vagina posterior to the cirrus-sac; h Mature proglottid of Dipylidium caninum from a dog; i Egg capsules of gravid proglottid of Dipylidium caninum from a dog. Scale bar = 100 μm
© Copyright Policy - OpenAccess
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4537577&req=5

Fig1: Some of the gastrointestinal helminths identified in feral dogs and cats. aEchinochasmus liliputanus from a dog; bEchinochasmus perfoliatus from a cat. The body surface is covered with spines from the collar to the anterior testis; (c) Pharyngostomum cordatum from a cat; d Buccal capsule of Ancylostoma ceylanicum from a cat. The anterior edge of the buccal capsule is armed with a pair of large hook-like teeth; e Lateral view of male bursa of Ancylostoma ceylanicum from a cat; fAncylostoma caninum from a dog. The wide buccal capsule bears three pairs of ventral teeth; g Rostellum of Dipylidium caninum from a dog. Identification characteristics include a rostellum armed with several alternating rows of thorn-shaped hooks, uterine capsules with several eggs, a vagina posterior to the cirrus-sac; h Mature proglottid of Dipylidium caninum from a dog; i Egg capsules of gravid proglottid of Dipylidium caninum from a dog. Scale bar = 100 μm
Mentions: Gastrointestinal helminths were found in all the dogs. Eleven species of helminths were identified, including 5trematodes, 3 cestodes, and 3 nematodes (Fig. 1 and Table 1). The predominant parasite was the cestode Dipylidium caninum, detected in 72.5 % of the examined dogs. The overall infection rate of dogs with more than one helminth species was 77.5 %.Fig. 1

Bottom Line: The objective of the present study was to investigate the presence and identify gastrointestinal helminths in feral carnivores in Guangxi province.Fifteen species were identified including 7 trematodes, 3 cestodes and 5 nematodes.Most of them may be responsible for zoonotic infections.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Laboratory of parasitology, College of Animal Science and Technology, Guangxi University, Nanning, 530004 , Guangxi, China. fang8730@163.com.

ABSTRACT

Background: In Guangxi, a province of southern China, an important number of dogs and cats roam freely in rural settings, and the presence of these animals in proximity of people may represent a risk of parasitic zoonoses. The objective of the present study was to investigate the presence and identify gastrointestinal helminths in feral carnivores in Guangxi province. Therefore, post mortem examination was performed in 40 dogs and in 39 cats.

Results: The Gastrointestinal helminths were found in all the necropsied dogs and in 37 out of 39 cats. Fifteen species were identified including 7 trematodes, 3 cestodes and 5 nematodes. Most of them may be responsible for zoonotic infections.

Conclusions: Major zoonotic gastrointestinal helminths, including liver and intestinal flukes, Toxocara spp., and Ancylostoma spp., are present in feral dogs and cats in Guangxi, and may represent a significant risk for public health.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus