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The impact of migration on the health status of Iranians: an integrative literature review.

Shishehgar S, Gholizadeh L, DiGiacomo M, Davidson PM - BMC Int Health Hum Rights (2015)

Bottom Line: Accordingly, some discussions and debates have emerged in recent years about the impact of migration on the health status of migrants.Findings of this review have contributed to development of a conceptual framework that delineates the impact of migration on Iranian immigrants' health.This conceptualization may also help in addressing the needs of other vulnerable groups during the transition phase of migration.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Faculty of Health, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, Australia. Sara.Shishehgar-1@student.uts.edu.au.

ABSTRACT

Background: Immigration, both voluntary and forced, is driven by social, political and economic factors. Accordingly, some discussions and debates have emerged in recent years about the impact of migration on the health status of migrants. The aim of this review was to identify the impact of migration on the health status of Iranian immigrants and present a conceptual framework to facilitate the design and delivery of services and supports for this particular immigrant group.

Methods: Data for this integrative review were collected from Medline, PsycINFO, Scopus, ProQuest, Academic Search Complete, CINAHL, and Google Scholar search engine. The database search was limited to peer-reviewed literature, published in English, between 1980 and 2013.

Results: Twenty six articles were included in the review. Analysis revealed several factors influencing the mental health of immigrants, including language insufficiency; unemployment; sense of discrimination; cultural shock; lack of social support; lack of information about health care services; and intimate partner violence.

Conclusion: Findings of this review have contributed to development of a conceptual framework that delineates the impact of migration on Iranian immigrants' health. This conceptualization may also help in addressing the needs of other vulnerable groups during the transition phase of migration.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

PRISMA flow chart depicting study selection
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Fig1: PRISMA flow chart depicting study selection

Mentions: Following application of inclusion and exclusion criteria and removal of duplicates, 26 articles were included in the review (Fig. 1). Of these, sixteen studies were quantitative, nine were qualitative and two used mixed-methods (Table 1). Data collection methods included focus groups and interviews with Iranian immigrants, cross-sectional surveys, and randomised control trials. Qualitative studies depicted the experiences and their relationship with immigrants’ health status. Quantitative studies mainly centred on prevalence of negative experiences and their association with mental disorders. All included studies were conducted in Western countries such as Sweden, Canada, and the USA. Themes derived from the articles reflected the socio-cultural lens of migration in respect of phases of transition: including pre-migration, migration and post-migration (Fig. 2).Fig. 1


The impact of migration on the health status of Iranians: an integrative literature review.

Shishehgar S, Gholizadeh L, DiGiacomo M, Davidson PM - BMC Int Health Hum Rights (2015)

PRISMA flow chart depicting study selection
© Copyright Policy - OpenAccess
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4537565&req=5

Fig1: PRISMA flow chart depicting study selection
Mentions: Following application of inclusion and exclusion criteria and removal of duplicates, 26 articles were included in the review (Fig. 1). Of these, sixteen studies were quantitative, nine were qualitative and two used mixed-methods (Table 1). Data collection methods included focus groups and interviews with Iranian immigrants, cross-sectional surveys, and randomised control trials. Qualitative studies depicted the experiences and their relationship with immigrants’ health status. Quantitative studies mainly centred on prevalence of negative experiences and their association with mental disorders. All included studies were conducted in Western countries such as Sweden, Canada, and the USA. Themes derived from the articles reflected the socio-cultural lens of migration in respect of phases of transition: including pre-migration, migration and post-migration (Fig. 2).Fig. 1

Bottom Line: Accordingly, some discussions and debates have emerged in recent years about the impact of migration on the health status of migrants.Findings of this review have contributed to development of a conceptual framework that delineates the impact of migration on Iranian immigrants' health.This conceptualization may also help in addressing the needs of other vulnerable groups during the transition phase of migration.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Faculty of Health, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, Australia. Sara.Shishehgar-1@student.uts.edu.au.

ABSTRACT

Background: Immigration, both voluntary and forced, is driven by social, political and economic factors. Accordingly, some discussions and debates have emerged in recent years about the impact of migration on the health status of migrants. The aim of this review was to identify the impact of migration on the health status of Iranian immigrants and present a conceptual framework to facilitate the design and delivery of services and supports for this particular immigrant group.

Methods: Data for this integrative review were collected from Medline, PsycINFO, Scopus, ProQuest, Academic Search Complete, CINAHL, and Google Scholar search engine. The database search was limited to peer-reviewed literature, published in English, between 1980 and 2013.

Results: Twenty six articles were included in the review. Analysis revealed several factors influencing the mental health of immigrants, including language insufficiency; unemployment; sense of discrimination; cultural shock; lack of social support; lack of information about health care services; and intimate partner violence.

Conclusion: Findings of this review have contributed to development of a conceptual framework that delineates the impact of migration on Iranian immigrants' health. This conceptualization may also help in addressing the needs of other vulnerable groups during the transition phase of migration.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus