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Neural Mechanism for Mirrored Self-face Recognition.

Sugiura M, Miyauchi CM, Kotozaki Y, Akimoto Y, Nozawa T, Yomogida Y, Hanawa S, Yamamoto Y, Sakuma A, Nakagawa S, Kawashima R - Cereb. Cortex (2014)

Bottom Line: The effect of the contingency cue was identified in the cuneus.Semantic- or integration-level processes, including amodal self-representation and belief validation, which allow modality-independent self-recognition and the resolution of potential conflicts between perceptual cues, respectively, were identified in distinct regions in the right frontal and insular cortices.The results are supportive of the multicomponent notion of self-recognition and suggest a critical role for contingency detection in the co-emergence of self-recognition and empathy in infants.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute of Development, Aging and Cancer, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8575, Japan International Research Institute of Disaster Science, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8575, Japan.

No MeSH data available.


Functional segregation of the activated areas in the contrasts for the main effect of Face or the negative interaction. 3D plots of the t-values for the peaks (a) and segregation of areas (b) based on the significance of the 3 hypothesis-driven contrasts. The sensitivities of the static self-face (Static Self – Static Other) to the contingency cue under the no-figurative-cue condition (Real-time Other – Delayed Other) and the violation of predicted contingency ([Real-time Other + Delayed Self] – 2 × Real-time Self) are shown on the horizontal, vertical (upper), and vertical (lower) axes (a) and are color-coded in green, blue, and red, respectively. Regions sensitive to both the static self-face and the contingency cue are shown in light blue, those sensitive to both the contingency cue and violation of prediction in purple, and those to none of them in beige. In plot (a), the red line shows the statistical threshold (t= 1.72; P = 0.05, uncorrected). Circles and triangles denote peaks originally identified in the contrasts for the main effect of Face and the negative interaction, respectively. (b) Surface rendering from the top (top panel), right (middle panel), and coronal sections through the posterior frontal region (y = 10, right hemisphere only; bottom right panel) and the sagittal section through the right insula (x = 38; bottom left panel) are presented to visualize the segregation of areas. Regions in blue or red include no predefined peaks. The activation profile of a representative peak from each group is shown in (c).
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BHU077F4: Functional segregation of the activated areas in the contrasts for the main effect of Face or the negative interaction. 3D plots of the t-values for the peaks (a) and segregation of areas (b) based on the significance of the 3 hypothesis-driven contrasts. The sensitivities of the static self-face (Static Self – Static Other) to the contingency cue under the no-figurative-cue condition (Real-time Other – Delayed Other) and the violation of predicted contingency ([Real-time Other + Delayed Self] – 2 × Real-time Self) are shown on the horizontal, vertical (upper), and vertical (lower) axes (a) and are color-coded in green, blue, and red, respectively. Regions sensitive to both the static self-face and the contingency cue are shown in light blue, those sensitive to both the contingency cue and violation of prediction in purple, and those to none of them in beige. In plot (a), the red line shows the statistical threshold (t= 1.72; P = 0.05, uncorrected). Circles and triangles denote peaks originally identified in the contrasts for the main effect of Face and the negative interaction, respectively. (b) Surface rendering from the top (top panel), right (middle panel), and coronal sections through the posterior frontal region (y = 10, right hemisphere only; bottom right panel) and the sagittal section through the right insula (x = 38; bottom left panel) are presented to visualize the segregation of areas. Regions in blue or red include no predefined peaks. The activation profile of a representative peak from each group is shown in (c).

Mentions: Main effects and interaction. (a) An area with a significant main effect of Contingency is superimposed on the midsagittal section of the anatomical image. The activation profile (activation estimate for each condition) at the activation peak is shown on the right. The main effects of Face (b) and the interaction (c) are rendered on the lateral surface of the right hemisphere. See Figure 4 for the activation profiles of the activation peaks.


Neural Mechanism for Mirrored Self-face Recognition.

Sugiura M, Miyauchi CM, Kotozaki Y, Akimoto Y, Nozawa T, Yomogida Y, Hanawa S, Yamamoto Y, Sakuma A, Nakagawa S, Kawashima R - Cereb. Cortex (2014)

Functional segregation of the activated areas in the contrasts for the main effect of Face or the negative interaction. 3D plots of the t-values for the peaks (a) and segregation of areas (b) based on the significance of the 3 hypothesis-driven contrasts. The sensitivities of the static self-face (Static Self – Static Other) to the contingency cue under the no-figurative-cue condition (Real-time Other – Delayed Other) and the violation of predicted contingency ([Real-time Other + Delayed Self] – 2 × Real-time Self) are shown on the horizontal, vertical (upper), and vertical (lower) axes (a) and are color-coded in green, blue, and red, respectively. Regions sensitive to both the static self-face and the contingency cue are shown in light blue, those sensitive to both the contingency cue and violation of prediction in purple, and those to none of them in beige. In plot (a), the red line shows the statistical threshold (t= 1.72; P = 0.05, uncorrected). Circles and triangles denote peaks originally identified in the contrasts for the main effect of Face and the negative interaction, respectively. (b) Surface rendering from the top (top panel), right (middle panel), and coronal sections through the posterior frontal region (y = 10, right hemisphere only; bottom right panel) and the sagittal section through the right insula (x = 38; bottom left panel) are presented to visualize the segregation of areas. Regions in blue or red include no predefined peaks. The activation profile of a representative peak from each group is shown in (c).
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Related In: Results  -  Collection

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BHU077F4: Functional segregation of the activated areas in the contrasts for the main effect of Face or the negative interaction. 3D plots of the t-values for the peaks (a) and segregation of areas (b) based on the significance of the 3 hypothesis-driven contrasts. The sensitivities of the static self-face (Static Self – Static Other) to the contingency cue under the no-figurative-cue condition (Real-time Other – Delayed Other) and the violation of predicted contingency ([Real-time Other + Delayed Self] – 2 × Real-time Self) are shown on the horizontal, vertical (upper), and vertical (lower) axes (a) and are color-coded in green, blue, and red, respectively. Regions sensitive to both the static self-face and the contingency cue are shown in light blue, those sensitive to both the contingency cue and violation of prediction in purple, and those to none of them in beige. In plot (a), the red line shows the statistical threshold (t= 1.72; P = 0.05, uncorrected). Circles and triangles denote peaks originally identified in the contrasts for the main effect of Face and the negative interaction, respectively. (b) Surface rendering from the top (top panel), right (middle panel), and coronal sections through the posterior frontal region (y = 10, right hemisphere only; bottom right panel) and the sagittal section through the right insula (x = 38; bottom left panel) are presented to visualize the segregation of areas. Regions in blue or red include no predefined peaks. The activation profile of a representative peak from each group is shown in (c).
Mentions: Main effects and interaction. (a) An area with a significant main effect of Contingency is superimposed on the midsagittal section of the anatomical image. The activation profile (activation estimate for each condition) at the activation peak is shown on the right. The main effects of Face (b) and the interaction (c) are rendered on the lateral surface of the right hemisphere. See Figure 4 for the activation profiles of the activation peaks.

Bottom Line: The effect of the contingency cue was identified in the cuneus.Semantic- or integration-level processes, including amodal self-representation and belief validation, which allow modality-independent self-recognition and the resolution of potential conflicts between perceptual cues, respectively, were identified in distinct regions in the right frontal and insular cortices.The results are supportive of the multicomponent notion of self-recognition and suggest a critical role for contingency detection in the co-emergence of self-recognition and empathy in infants.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute of Development, Aging and Cancer, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8575, Japan International Research Institute of Disaster Science, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8575, Japan.

No MeSH data available.